Thanks to beauty became a popular houseplant. It resembles superficially a palm tree, therefore, is the decoration of offices and houses as looks effectively and attractively. Large types well are suitable for office rooms. Small trees buy too small apartments. This plant perfectly looks alone. Not less it beautifully looks near other houseplants.
Species of Dracaena with a photo and names
There are several kinds of the dragon tree. Bushes, semi-bushes meet. There are also treelike forms of a plant. Treat the most widespread types.
From dragon trees the most unpretentious. Its distinctive feature is the treelike trunk and narrow green leaves with a red-violet border. Under natural conditions, its height reaches 3,2-5,4 yards. About dracaena marginata propagation it is written in the second half of the article.
Dracaena Corn Plant
The largest representative of a look. This evergreen bush can grow to 6,4 yard. In house conditions, about 1-2 yard expand. It has beautiful wide wavy bright green leaves. The plant has fragrant flowers of white color with a smell of a mowed grass.
The treelike form of a plant is from subtropics. Leaves at it a dark green color. On them, dust which needs to be removed regularly is too quickly formed.
The evergreen tree having bright green leaves which are lowered down. In spite of the fact that it is a false palm tree, it resembles superficially a fluffy bush as begins to branch at the basis. In the apartment blossoms very seldom.
Semi-bush, the black sheep among trees. Has oval dark green leaves with white and cream specks.
How to look after a Dracaena in house conditions
The plant prefers moderate air temperature. It is necessary to maintain a temperature in the summer – 64-77 °F. In the winter it should not fall below 64 °F. In warm season the plant should be taken out on fresh air. However, it is necessary to watch that it did not stand on a draft therefore at open windows it is not put. In hot weather, the house indoor tree is sprayed, provide additional watering.
When choosing to light for considering its look. Most of them prefer well-lit places. At the same time on a plant direct sunshine should not fall. The perfect place for it will be western or east plants. To indoor trees from which dark leaves a lot of light is not required. Pestrolisty types at a lack of light will fade. Also, suit artificial lighting. If it is necessary that went to growth, it is put there where there is a lot of light. The plant develops in penumbras more slowly.
Humidity of air
The majority of species do not take out dry air, therefore, they need constantly to be sprayed, irrespective of season. Sprayings carry out twice a day. Otherwise, leaves will turn yellow and fall down. It is regularly not less important to wipe leaves from dust with a damp rag. In certain cases will not prevent to wash up a plant under a shower. Especially it concerns a Dracaena Deremensis. Godse’s tree – the most unpretentious types. They do not need special conditions for keeping. They comfortably feel also at dry air.
How to water a plant
Dracaena is carried to hygrophilous plants. Plentiful watering is necessary for it. You should not allow redrying of the top layer of the earth. When it dried up on 0,7-1,1 in, is watered. That it was well developed, the earth in a pot has to remain damp. Excessive watering can lead plants to death. Because of stagnation of water roots will decay. In the summer is watered every day. In the winter watering should be reduced. For the best development of a plant, every month loosen the soil. Water for watering has to be soft. Rain or waste water will approach. If to water from under the crane, on a plant white spots will appear.
Fertilizers bring in the period of intensive growth. It falls on March-August. Feed up a plant twice a month. In another month it is enough to fertilize of times a month. As fertilizing use complex fertilizers. Specialized fertilizers are necessary for Pestrolisty forms.
Diseases and wreckers
The main enemies – trips and a scale. If the plant is infected by a web tick, it will dump leaves. Very often on leaves, brown spots appear, they dry. If it occurred, then the plant feels uncomfortable. The main reasons for this problem – dry air indoors, insufficient watering. Burns in the form of dark stains can appear from behind a bright sun on leaves. That it did not happen, in sunny weather the plant follows shading. If tips turned yellow, once the thicket sprays a plant. Falling off of the lower leaves are a normal phenomenon natural process.
Ways of reproduction
Having reached a big height loses beauty. That the plant looked amazingly, it should be rejuvenated, having implanted a top. From all species of Dracaena Deremensis bordered and Sander best of all breed. Make multiple copies a plant during active growth – in March, April. There are several ways of reproduction of a plant.
The first way of reproduction – graftage tops
At reproduction by a top shank, it is very important to prepare a shank correctly. For this purpose, it is necessary to cut off a plant top accurately. The most suitable size – 4-5 in. The cut has to be equal or obliquely. It is important that it was smooth. If the shank is damaged, the plant will decay. After a cut, the shank is slightly dried. But it is possible and to implant a plant at once. Implant a shank in water and various substrates. As a part of the substrate, there can be sand, perlite, hydrogel, palm soil, and cactuses.
When rooting a shank in water, watch the liquid temperature. It has to be room temperature. Muddy water should be replaced at once. The procedure is repeated by about two times a week. The tablet of activated carbon will longer help water to remain to freshen. Zircon well influences rooting processes. When rooting a top in the substrate the shank is moistened with water and powdered with a special powder. After that add to substrate Ekogel, Zircon or Epin and place a shank. If not to look after a shank, it will die. In most cases at the wrong leaving it rots.
It occurs because in substrate there are microorganisms destroying shank fabrics.
In order to avoid it, it is necessary not to allow the remoistening of the soil leading to rotting. When drying soil covers of a fabric of a shank will dry and backs will die. An ideal temperature for rooting of a top — 68-71 °F. It is also necessary to create hothouse conditions, having covered a shank with plastic, glass or a transparent package. You should not forget to spray shank leaves three times a day. Once a week they are sprayed with a solution with the addition of fertilizers for palm trees. It is important as without roots the plant eats at the expense of leaves.
The second way of reproduction – stem shanks
This way of reproduction is applied when the plant top faded. For reproduction of this type select a healthy stalk. It has to be elastic to the touch in the diameter not less than 0,7 in. It is divided into several pieces of 2-12 in size. Cuts do by the sharp tool on sheet hems. Substrate for rooting in this case same as well as at a top graftage.
There are two types of reproduction by stem shanks:
- Vertical. In this case, the lower part of a shank of a plant is placed in a substrate on a depth of 0,7-1,1 in. At the same time, it is very important to strew it with a sand layer in 1,9-2,3 in. So do at once not to replace a shank. Roots at first will be in sand and then will fall to the earth.
- Horizontal. At this way, shanks stack in damp substrate and press into it a little. Soil temperature and also air indoors has to be within 68-74°F. Implant a plant in the conditions of the greenhouse. Between a top and stem graftage, there is a big difference. At the first way, roots are formed only at a top. In the second case sprout not only roots but also escapes. At horizontal rooting, the stalk collapses as the escapes absorbing everything nutrients are formed. When escapes independently eat from own roots, transplant shanks on pots.
- You should not dig out substrate for a check of formation of roots.
- On average rooting of shanks takes 1-1.5 months.
That there were escapes, two months will be required. If during this time backs did not appear, implanted incorrectly. The procedure should be repeated.