The herb Corydalis is a member of the Poppy family. In nature, it occurs in regions with a temperate climate of the Northern hemisphere. This genus includes about 320 species. Today they are quite popular with gardeners as well as, for example, dahlias, tulips, and Phlox.
And all because of the fact that this flower is not only very beautiful, but also has resistance to frost and disease, undemanding to care, and he is the owner of medicinal properties.
Features Of Corydalis Plant
Flowering plant Corydalis is perennial and annual. The rhizome of such a plant is quite massive, it is located at a fairly large depth and consists of branched processes. On some processes sometimes observed the formation of tubers rounded shape, inside which are nutrients. The height of erect shoots can vary from 0.15 to 0.45 ft.
At the base of the stems are placed 2-4 fern-like leaf plates of dark green color with a bluish bloom. The leaves can be twice or three times complex, the shape of the lobes is triangular or rounded, with each of them has its own petiole. Formation of racemes cylindrical inflorescences on the tops of stems observed in mid-April.
Grow Corydalis begins in March. Its flowering begins after the soil warms up to 3-4 degrees. Duration of flowering ― about 20 days. Seed maturation is observed in June, after which there is a withering away of the part of the plant that is above the ground. In landscape design, these plants are often grown with other primroses, for example, Crocus, Muscari, chionodoxa, Galanthus and early tulips.
Care for the Corydalis In The Garden
When growing tufts in the garden, it should be timely watered, weeded, fed, loosen the surface of the soil and protect them from pests and diseases. But keep in mind that different types of requirements and preferences in care may vary.
How To Feed And Water
In the first spring weeks, when the beginning of the growth of the tuft is noted, as a rule, the soil is quite moist from the meltwater, so the plants will not need watering. After the ground dries, watering plants will need to be systematic.
It should be noted that Alpine and desert species should be provided with moderate watering, as they react negatively to stagnation of moisture in the root system, while a short drought causes much less damage to the plant.
The dressing need only forest species Corydalis, in this case, the soil should be made compost or leaf mold at the time of digging before planting. Also in the spring, you can mulch the surface of the site organic.
After the bushes fade, their parts, located above the ground, eventually become yellow, and there is their withering away. To remember where they grew up, you need to mark each Bush, sticking next to a peg.
This culture has a fairly high resistance to frost, so it does not need shelter for the winter. However, it should be noted that the Chinese crested duck can die if the air temperature drops below minus 23 degrees.
How To Transplant And Reproduce
Transplant the primrose is recommended during the period of his rest. But in the period of flowering tufts rather well tolerate this procedure. However, when transplanting part of the flowering Bush, located above the ground, can easily come off, in this case, the tubers will begin a period of rest earlier than usual. Transfer bushes on a new place together with a lump of the earth.
For reproduction of such plants use seeds, tubers, as well as a method of dividing the rhizome. The rhizomes tubers can be formed only on the Kashmir Corydalis and Bush. You can divide the rhizome in spring, as well as from the middle and until the end of the summer period, and do it during the transplant of the plant.
To show the seeds should be immature Corydalis. So, they should be painted black, but the boxes should still be green. Try to break the boxes in time, otherwise, when they are fully ripe and open, the seeds will spill out to the surface of the site, where they quickly dragged ants.
Then they are transferred to a shaded place and make sure that the soil mixture is always a little moist. In the garden, seedlings can be planted after spring comes. Grown from seed tufts bloom for the first time in 2-4 years (depending on the type).
The Types And Varieties Of Corydalis With Pictures
A large number of species of tufted duck specialists are divided by determining the type of agricultural environmental requirements. For the cultivation of these species is recommended to choose areas with clay or sandy loam soil, rich leaf humus and humus.
Best of all, they grow in the grass in a clearing under deciduous trees, in the garden under fruit crops, as well as in permanent flower beds.
The most popular varieties are Haller crested, for example:
- Beth Evans. The flowers are painted in a delicate pink hue, with a white spur.
- Pradeep Strain. This variety mix, which includes varieties with flowers, painted in different shades from salmon and pink to red.
- George Baker. The flowers are rich red, almost cherry color.
- Dieter Schacht. The flowers are painted in soft pink.
- Highland Mixt. Inflorescences are painted in smoky pinkish-blue color.
- Munich Forms. The flowers are painted in red coral color.
- Nettleton Pink. Inflorescences have a rich pink color.
Less adapted to cultivation in the middle latitudes are perennial species of the Himalayan deserts, highlands, and foothills. They received the conventional name ― mountain views.
Medicinal Properties Of Corydalis For Pain
Corydalis rich: volatile, coumarins, tannins, vitamin C and alkaloids of bulbocapnine, coriden, sanguinarin.
The plant has anti-inflammatory, analgesic, anesthetic, hemostatic, astringent, antimicrobial, fungicidal, antioxidant, antitumor and sedative effects.
Plant Corydalis has long been used by people as an anesthetic. California researchers conducted a detailed study of this medicinal plant and revealed the details of its analgesic effect. Researchers have studied the roots of the plant and found a compound of tufted duck in them.
The effect of anesthesia is due to this compound, besides it is not addictive in the human body. This compound has an analgesic effect through receptors associated with dopamine rather than morphine, as most painkillers do.
Dopamine plays the role of a neurotransmitter in the human body, it controls reward and pleasure centers in the brain, and regulates emotions and movements. Scientists have conducted a study on animals and found that the creeper helps with acute, chronic and inflammatory pain.
Chinese healers recommend a decoction of the roots of the Corydalis for pain in the back and migraines. As previously proven, dopamine receptor D2 plays an important role in pain. As scientists explain, the extract from this plant is an excellent anesthetic.
It will be very useful for people with acute pain and chronic diseases. And as it turned out in the experiment, will not cause addiction in the human body, and will not decrease its effectiveness. However, scientists still need to check the plant for toxicity.
In acute pain in medicine, drugs based on codeine and morphine are used, and in inflammatory pain acetaminophen and aspirin. These drugs eventually cause addiction of the body, and with it lost analgesic effect.