Evergreen herbaceous perennial plant Dichondra is part of the family of Bindweed. Related dichondra considered such plants as: kalistegiya, morning glory, and bindweed.
What is Dichondra Silver Falls?
- Flowering. Dichondra is cultivated as an ornamental deciduous plant.
- Landing. Seeds for seedlings are sown in January or February, and in the open ground young plants are planted from the last days of May to the second half of June.
- Soil. Perfect for growing culture loams with good drainage and with a pH of 6.6 to 8.0.
- Irrigation. Moisten the soil moderately, but systematically, and do it in the evening to avoid burns on the leaf plates.
- Air humidity. In the hot, dry period is recommended to moisten the leaves in the evening.
- Fertilizer. During the growing season, fertilizing is carried out every 15 days, for this purpose a compound mineral fertilizer with a high content of potassium and nitrogen is used.
- Pruning and pinching. To make the plant lusher, at the stage of formation of the fourth pair of leaf plates, pinch its stems. Also, regularly every seven days, the stems are pruned as they grow.
- Reproduction. Seeds, layering and cuttings.
- Pests. Whitefly, fleas, nematodes, and aphids.
- Diseases. It has high resistance to infections.
How to grow dichondra silver falls?
If the dichondra is grown in the garden as an annual, then it can be propagated by seeds, cuttings (rooting is carried out in the summer) and layering. If your site does not yet have this plant, then for primary cultivation use a generative (seed) method, while you can grow a flower through seedlings, and you can sow seeds directly into the open ground.
Sowing seeds for seedlings are carried out in the middle of the winter period, or rather, in January or February. Before sowing, the seed material is immersed in water at night, in which a growth-stimulating agent is previously added. The container is filled with a pre-disinfected peat soil substrate intended for growing seedlings, which is spilled with sodium HUMATE.
Bury the seeds in the potting mix, not more than 0.8 cm, and it is recommended to Sow the seeds in small pots, with each of them put 2 or 3 seed. On top of the tank to be cover glass (film), do not forget to leave a small hole for ventilation.
If done correctly, then the first seedlings may appear after only seven days after sowing.
Do not forget to systematically water the young plants, as well as gently loosen the surface of the soil mixture. Remember that if rasterizer will miss the light so they can stretch out. Systematically in the water intended for watering, you need to add a small amount of stimulating growth. Picking seedlings are carried out during the development of 3 or 4 of this sheet plate.
In that case, if you grow a plant as ampelous, then you need to transplant it immediately into a hanging basket or pots. However, if you need seedlings for planting in the open ground, in this case, the picking is carried out in larger containers. Before planting seedlings in the garden, it should be sure to temper.
Planting dichondra in the open ground
What time to plant?
In regions with a warm and mild climate, dichondra is used to create an alternative lawn. This is possible due to the fact that it is resistant to frost, and even trampling. Ampelnuyu dichondra is transplanted into the garden only after 1.5–2 months after the appearance of seedlings. In the Northern regions, dichondra seedlings are planted around the first half of June, and in the southern areas of may.
This flower grows well in Sunny regions and the shade. However, it should be noted that the variety with silvery foliage is more photophilous. The composition of the soil dichondra does not impose special requirements, but it grows best on well-drained loamy soil with a pH of 6.6–8.0.
If you intend to grow dichondra as a ground cover plant, you need to remember that it has extremely slow growth. That is why during the landing in the ground between the bushes need to observe a distance of 10 to 15 centimeters. The depth of the planting pits should be such that they fit the root system of the plant, taken together with the lump of land. Carefully pass the seedlings into the holes and fill them with soil, tamp its surface and pour abundantly.
If you take care of dichondra properly, when grown in the garden, it will retain its high decorative for 5-7 years. Although this crop is drought resistant, irrigation should be systematic. However, it is impossible to allow stagnation of liquid in the soil. On hot days, try to moisten the bushes in the evening, as dichondra responds positively to this procedure.
When the Bush forms the eighth leaf plate, it is recommended to pinch it. Then, as the shoots will grow and branch conduct pruning. As a rule, during the summer period, an average of one haircut in 15 days.
It is necessary to pull out weeds carefully because the root system of the dichondra is superficial and is located at a shallow depth so that it can be very easily injured.
Care for dichondra at home
Grow at home dichondra is easy, but you need to remember about its features. Take care of it in almost the same way as for other ampelous ornamental deciduous plants, for example, for ficus creeping, asparagus, Zebra, Chlorophytum, ficus rooting or saxifrage.
The amount of light that the plant needs depends on the color of its foliage, for example, varieties with silvery leaves need much light, and greenish varieties can grow in a Sunny or shaded place, and even in the shade.
Throughout the year in the room where the flower is located, the temperature should be between 18 and 25 degrees. However, if in winter it is in a place that is not heated, make sure that it is not colder than 10 degrees. Otherwise, the dichondra may die. If the room is hot all the time, it is an extremely negative impact on the growth and development of the Bush.
This flower can grow normally at low humidity. However, if it is moistened every day, there will be an increase in the green mass to 25 percent. If you spray dichondra regularly in the morning and evening, then the green mass will grow two times faster. If the winter flower is warm (above 18 degrees), then moistening the foliage should be given special attention.
Watered flower abundantly, however, follow that the right soils were not observed fluid retention. In this regard, at the bottom of the pot, it is necessary to make a good drainage layer. In that case, if you can not water the flower for a long time, it can live for some time and with a complete drying of the earthen coma. Once the Bush is watered, it will recover very quickly.
Feed dichondra should be in the period from April to September 1 every 15 days. To do this, use fertilizer for decorative-deciduous houseplants, for example, Ideal. Moreover, to accelerate the growth of the deciduous mass, the flower can be fed Agricola once every seven days. With a cold winter to feed the plant is not necessary.
For the Bush to be thick, it will need regular pruning and pinching. Preparing dichondra for the winter, it’s essential to trim. For it to be lusher, conduct a systematic pinching of the tips of the stems, and after they are strongly stretched, they are cut off. In culture, shoots in length can reach about 200 cm, and if the climate is warm, then up to 600 cm.
Landscape designers often use dichondra to create an imitation of a “running stream” on the garden plot, it looks very unusual and beautiful. Once the falling shoots reach the surface of the soil, they quickly take root, and the ampel plant becomes ground cover. Decide for yourself whether to shorten the stems regularly, or they will grow freely, but if you do not pinch the ends of the shoots, then the Bush will not be so lush and spectacular.
This flower grows well and develops both at home and outdoors. Formed in the internodes of shoots surface roots allow the lashes to take root very quickly, so the Bush forms a reliable carpet of silver or green color, which does not lose its brightness even in winter.
The flower is grown as a basket plant, and the shoots are streaming down a green or silvery waterfall. Basket or flower pots can be hung in the living room and on the veranda, loggia, terrace or balconies.
Diseases and pests
Dichondra is very resistant to all pests and diseases. The fact is that it is essentially a weed, and if it is correctly cared for, then there will be no problems with it. However, still, the plant can harm nematodes, which are microscopic worms that develop in conditions of high humidity.
Because of the nematodes in the plant mutations are observed, which are the cause of his death. While nematodes can settle on dichondra that grows in open ground and cultivated indoors, get rid of nematodes is very difficult, in this regard, it is recommended to destroy the infected Bush, as well as the land in which it grows.
Much less likely to settle on the plant aphids, whiteflies or flea beetles. To get rid of these insects, use acaricide drugs, in addition, it is recommended to adhere to preventive measures:
- the surface of the soil around the bushes cannot be covered with mulch, and weed grass pull out only with your hands;
- if the forests have become a dense carpet, then it is necessary to reduce the frequency of watering.
Main types and varieties
In natural conditions, it is possible to meet not less than ten kinds of dichondra. However, only one species is grown in the culture ― Dichondra repens, or Dichondra argentea, which is a herbaceous evergreen plant (a detailed description of the species is given above).
This species has a couple of varieties, namely, silver dichondra and green dichondra, which are trendy in the culture:
Shoots are decorated with green leaf plates of a round shape. In a Bush growing in a Sunny place, the foliage has a smaller size than that of the dichondra that is on a shaded area.
The foliage of this species is silvery. This plant whips longer than the emerald waterfall, but they are less lush.