Low-growing herbaceous annual or perennial plant Sanvitalia is a member of the family Compositae or Asteraceae. This genus includes only 7 species. In natural conditions, such plants can be found in Central and North America. The most popular among gardeners is such a view as sanvitalia recumbent or Sanvitalia procumbens.
Sanvitalia Annual Or Perennial?
Bushes in sanvitalia have a spherical shape, and in height they reach no more than 20 yards. Length highly branched creeping shoots about 0.45 ft. Soprotivlyaetsya sheet plate, painted in deep green color, have a petiole, ovate or oblong-ovate form.
Baskets-inflorescences in diameter reach 25 in, they include marginal reed flowers of yellow, orange or white color, as well as the middle tubular flowers, painted in brown, purple-black or pale green.
Sanvitalia blooms in the second half of the summer period, and blooms in October. The fruit is a seed.
Grow this flower can be in balcony boxes, hanging baskets, rockeries, they can decorate the Alpine hill or frame flower beds and garden paths.
And sanvitalia is used as a ground cover plant. This plant is not only compact, but also unpretentious, so it is often grown in the open ground and in indoor conditions.
Sanvitalia is recommended to combine with forget-me-nots, iberis, nasturtium and Salvia.
Growing Sanvitalia From Seeds
Propagate sanvitalia seeds is quite simple, because they have a very high percentage of germination. So do not forget to collect them in the autumn. Sowing seeds for seedlings must be made in the first days of March.
To do this, at the bottom of the bowl spread a drainage layer, which is filled with coarse sand, mixed with nutritious garden soil (1:3), bury the seeds only 10 in. Fill the seeds with a thin layer of soil, then the crops are moistened from the sprayer.
The container is covered with a film or glass and removed in a slightly cool place (from 54 to 68 F°). The first seedlings should appear after 10-12 days. Do not forget 1 time a day to ventilate the crops and every two or three days to water them, resorting to lower watering.
When there are two real leaf plates, produce picking plants, while in one Cup placed 2 or 3 pieces. After they take root well, they should be tempered for 15 days, and then planted in the open ground.
It is necessary to plant seedlings in open soil in may–June after the night frosts are left behind. For planting should choose a Sunny area, it should be borne in mind that the plant needs a moderately fertile soil.
Make landing holes of ten-centimeter depth, at the same time do not forget to observe the distance between them in 25 yards. At the bottom of each hole you need to put a handful of expanded clay.
Then it is necessary to pass into the hole plant with a lump of earth, and fill it with soil. After the soil is slightly compacted, the planted plant should be watered abundantly.
In those regions where spring comes early and it is warm, seeding can be done directly in the open ground in may or June. Thin out the seedlings will be once their height reaches 10 yards.
Care Of Sanvitalia In The Garden
As sanvitalia is low-maintenance and undemanding plant to grow it would be simple enough. Watering a flower should be moderate. If the street is wet weather, the sanvitalia can not be watered at all, as it will have enough natural precipitation.
Remember that stagnation of water in the soil can cause rot on the root system, while a small drought will not adversely affect the flowering. After watering, it is necessary to loosen the surface of the site, do not forget to pull out all the weeds.
In the event that the area where these flowers grow is located in a strong wind, it is recommended to install frame supports to preserve the shape of the bushes.
If sanvitalia is grown in soil saturated with nutrients or when planting you have made fertilizers in it, there is no need to feed the plant additionally. In other cases, fertilizing arrange 1 every 2 weeks and use for this complex mineral fertilizer.
To plants were more bushy, you need to pinch the tips of the stems several times, while you need to have time to do it before the sanvitalia blooms.
You can transplant the bushes at any time. These flowers tolerate transplanting well even in the flowering period.
Diseases And Pests
Sanvitalia has a fairly high resistance to pests and diseases. With the plant, problems can arise only if the irrigation regime is violated (too abundant or too rare watering). At the same time, remember that the plant tolerates a small drought better than stagnation of liquid in the ground.
If you notice that the leaf plates of the flower began to curl and changed its color, it suggests that it needs urgent watering.
During the cultivation of seedlings, she can develop such a disease as a black leg. The cause of this fungal disease is tightness, excessive soil moisture and lack of fresh air. In order to prevent, do not forget to ventilate the seedlings in a timely manner, and also develop the correct irrigation regime.
Sanvitalia After Flowering
Since this flower belongs to the thermophilic, and it can destroy the air temperature below – 3 F°, cultivated sanvitalia in the middle latitudes only as an annuals. However, if desired, the bushes can be stored until spring. To do this, they should be transplanted into a pot in the autumn, which is removed for storage in a cool (+ 5 F°) room.
Types And Varieties
We have already mentioned that the gardeners cultivated only 1 species — sanvitalia open. However, a fairly large number of varieties and hybrids of such plants were obtained. For example:
- Bright eyes. Tubular flowers are almost black, and reed have a rich orange color.
- Sanvitalia Speciosa. This variety is characterized by abundant flowering. Tubular flowers are dark brown and reed — yellow-honey. During flowering, these plants create a spectacular carpet.
- Sanvitalia Orinda. The bushes reach a height of 20 yards, and widely grow. The flowers are yellow, and the Central part of them black.
- Sanvitalia Aztec Gold. Yellow flowers have a light green middle.
- Sanvitalia Sunbini. Leaf plates are dark green, and semi-double inflorescences are orange.
- Sanvitalia Sunvy Super Gold. This ampelny variety has light green tubular and yellow reed flowers. Care for such a flower should be exactly the same as for other creeping or climbing plant.