To tulips properly developed and bloomed well, you need to know about some essential features. Our answers to questions will help you create a lush flower garden.
Why don’t tulips bloom?
The most common causes are:
- Poor quality planting material. From damaged or too small bulbs lush flowering should not wait. Besides, they often deteriorate already in the ground: rot in waterlogged soil or become the prey of mice.
- Lack of sunlight. Do not plant tulips in the shade of trees: without the sun, they not only refuse to bloom, but also grow slowly.
- Brisk and gusty wind. Tulips prefer protected areas.
- Failure to comply with the terms of digging bulbs and planting them in the ground. Because of this, the Tulip strays development cycle. For example, if you plant the bulb too early in the fall (in warm weather), it will let the sprout, which will freeze in winter.
- Improper planting depth. If the bulb is planted shallow, the sprout will appear from the ground too early and freeze, and if too deep – the plant will waste all its strength on a long and thorny path to the light. The optimum planting depth is triple the height of the bulb.
- Wrong cut. On the plant you need to leave at least two leaves, otherwise next year the Tulip will not bloom.
Why do tulips have short stems?
There are undersized varieties of tulips that are used in curbs. For such plants, a short stem is a norm. Moreover, if standard tulips do not reach the desired height, then, most likely, they do not have enough nitrogen, lighting, and water. So too short stem may indicate that before planting the bulb was not cooled to the required temperature.
What on the flowers of tulips appeared bands?
If tulips monophonic varieties suddenly became variegated, it is likely that the plant was attacked by a dangerous virus variegated, which changes the varietal characteristics. If you find such colorful flowers of the plant as soon as possible to dig up and destroy until the virus has infected the rest of the tulips.
Tulipa virus – the most common and dangerous disease
It is impossible to cure this disease, so it is essential to pay attention to prevention. The variegated virus is transmitted from plant to plant with juice, most often carriers are leaf-eating insects, so they need to get rid of them on time.
What to do with tulips when they fade?
When the flowers wither, the stem should break off so that the plant has two leaves. This is a necessary condition for the successful maturation of the bulb.
If during flowering tulips are not fed, the soil should be phosphorus and potassium in equal proportions at the rate of 30-35 grams of fertilizer per square meter is Also not superfluous will be mineral fertilizers, a part of which are manganese, zinc, and boron.
For two weeks after flowering tulips should continue to be watered regularly. The amount of water should be gradually reduced.
How to cut tulips?
If you want to decorate the house with tulips, the stem must be carefully broken (not cut!) so that the plant has at least two lower leaves. With their help, the plant will be able to restore strength. Remember: if you cut the tulips under the root – next year will be left without a blooming flower bed.
What to do to tulips longer stood in a vase?
Tulips are best to break even in the Bud stage. In a vase with water, their stems can grow up to 20 cm, and the flowers – significantly increase in size and completely bloom.
To flowers stood in a vase from 7 to 14 days, pour a little water (at 10 cm) and change it daily.
If there is too much liquid in the container, the stems of tulips can rot.
When to dig up tulips?
In regions with warm climates tulips dug in early June, and with a cold and unstable – at the end of the first summer month. However, it is best to focus on the appearance of the plant. Bulbs need to dig up when the Tulip leaves turn yellow, and the stem will be soft (will not break, and bend).
Bulbs are better to dig in Sunny weather when the ground is quite dry. If you do this in wet weather, before drying the bulbs should be treated with a weak solution of potassium permanganate.
When should tulips be planted?
In the middle lane tulips planted in late September – early October. Accordingly, in the more southern regions this is done a little later, and in the more Northern – a little earlier.
How to protect tulips from rodents?
Bulbs of tulips like to eat mice. To protect the plants, use proven methods:
- surround planting tulips poisonous bulbous (daffodils, grouse) that mice do not like;
- The black plant root (Cynoglossum). This annual plant will not only scare away mice but also
- perfectly decorate the flower garden with its unusual purple-red flowers;
- before planting, treat the bulbs with kerosene or Vishnevsky ointment;
- flower bed periodically spray infusion of Valerian root.
If these methods do not work, limit mice access to bulbs: plant tulips in baskets and containers with small holes.
What if the tulips have sprouted in the winter?
If winter is coming to an end, and stored bulbs sprouted quite a bit, you can try to wait until the earth warms up, and put them in the ground. However, it is best to prepare for the small pots, pour there expanded clay (layer 2-3 cm), then – the soil for flowers and plant bulbs.
If winter during warming sprouted tulips that were planted in the autumn in the ground, it is necessary to sprinkle them with earth and cover the top with spruce branches or dry foliage. This will protect the shoots from freezing and stop their growth.
Why varietal tulips in a year or two change color?
The color of Tulip flowers depends on the variety and condition of the bulb. If after a couple of years from the bulb, for example, orange Tulip red flower appeared, then, as in the case of variegated, the plant became ill. All the fault of the virus, which blocks the acquired varietal characteristics and leaves only those that were in wild tulips. As a rule, the color of flowers in native plants is red or yellow.
How many years can tulips grow in one place?
So that the bulb remains healthy and robust, it is best to dig every year. However, if you do not have such an opportunity, it is permissible to grow tulips in one place for 3-4 years (simple varieties with a classic shape and color of flowers can be in the same place for up to 7 years).
However, for this you need to comply with some conditions: properly care for plants (time to water and systematically feed) and be sure to provide them with enough light.
How to buy good Tulip bulbs
It is best to buy the bulbs first analysis. Usually, their size is between 3.5 and 5 cm in diameter and 10 to 14 cm in circumference. These bulbs are strong enough and bloom in the first year.
Besides, when buying, you should follow a few rules:
- Purchase planting material only in specialty stores and before the start of the planting season (ideally from late July to August), until the bulbs are damaged during transportation or shifting from place to place.
- The entire bulb should be densely covered with thin Golden-brown scales. Rough scales of dark color indicates that the bulb was overexposed in the soil.
- On the surface of the bulb should not be any mechanical damage, mold spots or dried pulp. If the bottom is soft, with traces of rot, or the roots have set off in growth – such an onion should not be taken.
If the bulb seems too light for its size – it is rotten. Also, put it aside.