Alsobiya treats soil cover plant species. This grassy blossoming perennial in nature can be met in the tropical damp forests of Colombia, Brazil, and South America. On a surface of dark green foliage of an oval form there is an omission, externally it is similar to sheet plates of a violet. This plant in the people still is called “a lacy flower”, it is connected with the fact that on tips of its petals there is an unusual fringe. Rod Alsobiya unites only 6 types, however, in room conditions cultivate only 3 of them. Such flower can be grown up both in suspended cache pots and in pots baskets. It does not demand to itself(himself) too many attention and if to provide it the correct care, then it will become the fine decoration of an apartment. It will please at the same time the flower grower with the unusual flowers for many years.
Care of an alsobiya in house conditions
Alsobiya negatively reacts to direct beams of the sun. For its cultivation, it is recommended to choose places with bright diffused light. If the flower is in the shaded place, then it can suffer because of poor lighting. At the beginning at it foliage will become faded, and then the plant will begin to perish slowly. From the second half of October duration of the light day begins to be reduced therefore alsobiya provide additional lighting, for this purpose it is possible to use a phytolamp. In winter time it is the best of all to rearrange a bush on a window sill of the southern orientation, at the same time it follows притенять from direct beams of the sun.
The plant needs to be protected from drafts and also sharp temperature differences because of them it can die. Best of all the flower grows at a temperature of 18-25 degrees. If in the room 18 degrees are cooler, then foliage will become faded sluggish and will begin to fly, and the stop of growth of the bush is observed.
Humidity of air
As on foliage of an alsobiya there is an omission, it is impossible to humidify it with water from a spray at all. If on sheet plates water droplets get, then decay can appear from behind it on them. To increase the level of humidity of air in this case it is recommended to use a household humidifier or near a plant, it is possible to put the open vessel filled with water. At low humidity of air the alsobiya will be able normally to grow and develop, however blossoming, in this case, will be poorer.
Water a flower moderately, and carry out this procedure only if necessary, to be exact, when the top layer of a soil mix in a pot dries out. Moistening substrate, pour water accurately at the roots, otherwise, it can get on a surface of sheet plates because of what on them decay is formed. It is the best of all to use well settled or meltwater which temperature has to be about 23-25 degrees. In order that the flower normally grew and developed, почвосмесь in capacity has to be constantly a little wet. After a while, after the plant will be watered, it is necessary to merge water which accumulated in a pallet. If not to merge it, it will lead to substrate remoistening that is the main reason for the development of various fungal diseases.
During the landing or change of an alsobiya it is very important to use correct почвосмесь. Experienced flower growers recommend, to stop the choice in this case on ready for violets which can be got in the specialized shop. But before starting landing, surely add a little perlite to a ready soil mix or river sand and all good mix. It is possible to make if desired substrate and the hands, for this purpose connect sand, peat, hummus and the sheet soil (1:1:1:2).
All components well mix up and in already ready землесмесь for improvement of its quality pour a small amount of sphagnum, coconut fiber, and charcoal. Besides that thanks to such additives the structure of substrate will become much better, charcoal still will act as a disinfectant. Alsobiya can be grown up only in friable and an easy soil mix which well passes both drinks of water, and air. For landing, it is necessary to choose a low, but wide pot at the bottom of which there are quite big openings for drainage.
Change of an alsobiya
Change of a flower is carried out only if necessary, to be exact, after to a root system it becomes too close in a pot. As a rule, the alsobiya is subjected to this procedure of 1 time in 3 years. When choosing new capacity pay attention that it has to be a little larger than an old pot. If at the bottom of capacity there are no openings for drainage, then whenever possible do them independently. Also at the bottom, it is necessary to make a good drainage layer, for this purpose it is possible to use expanded clay. New почвосмесь shall be friable and well trained (you see above). For the purpose of prevention of various diseases and for substrate disinfection, it is mixed with a small number of wood ashes and a moss. If to use correct почвосмесь with the recommended additives, then for growth and development of a flower the favorable microclimate will be created, and thanks to such substrate he has smaller stress after a change.
It is necessary to feed up an alsobiya only during its active growth which is observed in spring and summertime. For top-dressings, it is possible to use ready fertilizer for violets which are on sale in a flower shop. In preparation time of nutrient solution, it is necessary to remember that its concentration has to be twice less than it it is recommended the producer (you watch the instruction on packing). Top-dressings carry out regularly 1 time in 15 days.
Blossoming of an alsobiya begins in April and comes to an end ― in August. The color of flowers depends on a look and a grade and can vary from pale lime to coffee or white. At some grades, petals are decorated with specks of a pink or red shade. All types and grades of an alsobiya are united that flowers on tips of petals have a fringe thanks to what they look very unusually and effectively.
Thanks to regular scraps the bush will be always compact and accurate. It is necessary to cut off only unnecessary stepsons and also those stalks which were too strongly extended. If to cut off a bush in due time, then it will well affect blossoming which will become more magnificent, and thanks to it the quantity of foliage will increase. During cutting, you remember that if many lateral branches are removed excessively, then because of it the bush can not blossom.
Leaving in the winter time
From the first days of November on the last ― February at an alsobiya the dormant period is observed. At this time it is necessary to look after it a little in a different way, then during active growth. As a rule, throughout a dormant period growth of an alsobiya becomes very slow, blossoming at it is absent at this time. During the dormant period, it is impossible to introduce fertilizers to the soil, and the volume and frequency of waterings need to be reduced. At this time the plant has a rest and gains strength before the new vegetative period, in this regard, it is necessary to try to provide it appropriate care that it felt comfortable.
Ways of reproduction
It is possible to multiply the alsobiya which is grown up in room conditions seeds, child sockets, and shanks. At flower growers, two last ways enjoy the greatest popularity.
Reproduction by cuttings
It is possible to multiply such plant both sheet, and top shanks. Accurately cut off them and land on rooting in in advance prepared friable and easy soil mix. That rooting took place successfully, shanks should be placed in the mini-small greenery made with own hands. If it is correct to make everything, then roots at shanks should grow about 30 days later. In separate pots, shanks can be replaced only after the length of their backs is not less than 10 millimeters.
Reproduction by child sockets
If you decided to multiply an alsobiya child sockets, then it is optional to separate them from a parent bush. It is possible just to pin the socket to the surface of a substrate in a pot directly near a maternal bush and only several weeks later at it will grow own backs. If the socket was cut off, then it should be landed on rooting in the pot filled with wet sphagnum or sand.
In order that the socket precisely took roots, it is placed in mini-small greenery where the microclimate, favorable for the growth of backs, will be created. Backs on sockets at the correct leaving should grow approximately in 4 weeks. After that, the young Bush can be replaced in a constant pot, soil mix, in this case, use same, as for a change of an adult plant.
Diseases and wreckers
The house alsobiya has very high stability to different to both diseases and a mean insect. However sometimes and with it, there can be problems, but as a rule, it happens only if incorrectly look after her or do not provide her suitable conditions for growth.
- Wreckers. If in the room where there is a flower, there is excessively low air humidity, then on its web pincers, plant lice and Quadraspidiotus perniciosus can lodge. To exterminate these insects, the bush should be sprayed with a solution of insecticidal medicine (Aktelliky).
- Cold water. If to moisten substrate in a pot with cold water, then because of its foliage will begin to fade, and on its surface speaks of a dark shade are formed. Remember that for watering it is necessary to use exclusively warm water (about 23 degrees).
- Poor watering. Understand that the plant feels the shortage of moisture, it is possible on the following signs: abscission of recently created buds and withering of the revealed flowers. Increase the frequency and abundance of waterings.
- Abundant watering. If to water an alsobiya it is excessively abundant, then decay can appear from behind it on roots, and the bush will die.
- Direct beams of the sun. If on foliage direct beams of the sun get, then on it’s surface dry spots of brown color (solar burns) will appear. Do not forget timely притенять a flower.
Types and sorts of an alsobiya with a photo and names
At this soil cover plant stalks quite short, cover them small leaves of dark green color which surface is a little trimmed, and an edge at them toothed. Escapes are colored in pale brown color. The lacy flower possesses a snow-white color, and at edges of its lobes, there is a pretty fringe.
The grade of the punk that has a lignified direct stalk. Flat leaves of an oval form possess small omission of a light color, and on an edge, a notch is located. Flowers can be painted in light green, white or cream color, and decorates their light pink or red specks.
This hybrid grade was specially created for cultivation in house conditions. The bush is decorated by big leaves with a gear edge, they are painted in greenish color, and on their surface, there is a small omission. The pharynx of a flower is decorated by pretty specks of red or pink color, on an edge of its white petals, there is a fringe.
Alsobiya San Miguel
Such grade was also removed especially for cultivation in room conditions. On a surface of big bluish-green leaves, they have an omission, an edge gear. On tops of petals of white flowers, there is a fringe, and their pharynx is decorated by specks of a red or pink shade.
This hybrid version is presented by a medium-sized bush. The bush is decorated by big oval leaves on which surface there is a small greenish omission. Flowers are painted in white or cream color, at an edge of petals there is an effective fringe, and they are decorated with small red specks.
This alsobiya is distinguished from the others with the unusual foliage. It possesses a greenish color and a form of an oval, and at its surface, there is a small omission. And such sheet plates the fact that on their edge or in middle strips of lemon or white shade are located are unusual. Flowers consist of white petals at which tips there is a beautiful fringe.