Ceropegia belongs to the family Estoniya or Dogbane. In nature, it can be found in the tropical regions of Africa and Asia. This genus includes more than 180 species, and gardeners cultivate some of them.
Brief description of cultivation
- Flowering. With proper care and optimum conditions for growth, Ceropegia blooms almost year-round, but its flowers are not highly ornamental.
- Illumination. Needs much bright sunlight. In summer, at lunchtime, when the sun is most active, the Bush needs a little shading.
- Temperature regime. During the growing season, the air temperature should be from 20 to 25 degrees. With the beginning of autumn, the temperature should be gradually reduced, and in winter it should be at the level of 14 to 16 degrees, but not below 11 degrees.
- Irrigation. In spring and autumn, the plant is watered moderately immediately after drying the top layer of the soil mixture. In winter, the amount of watering is reduced, and the substrate is moistened only when three days have passed since the drying of its upper layer.
- Period of rest. They are not pronounced observed in the winter.
Ceropegia is a herbaceous perennial plant that can be erect or scandent. Rhizome has a tuberous or thickened spindle-shaped, it is an observed accumulation of moisture in reserve. In this plant shoots creeping and fleshy. Opposite thickened small leaf plates have a long, ovoid or lanceolate form.
Most species have succulent shoots and leaf plates. As a rule, the juice of such a plant is transparent, not milky. Umbellate or racemose inflorescences consist of large axillary flowers pentamerous, Corolla they have a tubular at the base expanded. Have flowers are stamens have grown together in up. The fruit is a leaflet of spindle-shaped, cylindrical or linear shape.
All types of Ceropegia needed bright sunlight. Such succulents will not hurt and direct rays of the sun, but if it stands on the window of the southern orientation, then at lunchtime it should be shaded with a thin curtain. At low light the foliage is shallow, and it is much less, the bloom may be missing.
During fast growth, it is recommended to keep the Bush in a warm place (from 20 to 25 degrees). With the onset of autumn, the temperature should be gradually reduced to 16 degrees, thanks to this plant will be able to prepare for the future period of rest.
In the winter Ceropegia kept in a cool place (14 to 16 degrees). The air temperature in the room should not fall below 11 degrees. However, it should be noted that if the plant for a long time will be in the cold (about 11 degrees), then it can die. If the temperature at night and during the day will be very different, it will not hurt the flower.
From spring to the second half of the autumn period, watering should be moderate, and it is carried out immediately after the top layer of the soil mixture dries. The liquid that the glass in the tray after watering, pour required.
With the onset of the autumn period, a gradual reduction in irrigation is carried out. In winter, watering is carried out only when after drying the top layer of the earth mixture will take two or three days.
However, make sure that neither in summer nor in winter the earthen lump in the pot does not dry up because this can kill the root system of the flower. If water from the tap is used for irrigation, it must be filtered or defended, and it must be at room temperature.
The humidity in the room where growing Ceropegia, can be any, and to moisten the Bush with a spray bottle is not necessary.
While the Bush is young, it is not necessary to feed it, since it has enough nutrients present in the soil mixture. Feeding of adult bushes is carried out 1 or 2 times a month, for this use mineral fertilizers for orchids and succulents. Fertilizers are introduced into the soil from early spring to the second half of the autumn period while taking a half dose from the recommended manufacturer. In autumn and winter feeding is not carried out.
As a rule, the culture blooms throughout almost the whole year, while problems with its flowering are infrequent. But not all species of flowers are highly decorative, many of them are cultivated only for the beautiful foliage. In that case, if the appearance of the inflorescences you are not satisfied, then remove them.
Pests and diseases
Ceropegia is susceptible to fungal diseases. Most often, it is sick with various rot, the development of which is due to poor care. Experts advise not to water the flower too abundantly, but also to ensure that its root system is not observed stagnation of liquid. When a Bush rot, it is removed from the container and inspect its root system.
Cut out all the rotted areas and immerse the root system for 30 minutes in the fungicide solution. When the roots dry out, the Bush is planted in an old pot, while the soil mixture is used fresh.
When grown in room conditions on the Bush can settle aphids, mealybugs, and spider mites. Such pests belong to the suck, they bite through the succulent leaves and shoots and suck from them the vegetable juice. The plant, which settled pests, weakens, becomes sluggish, and there is a deformation of flowers and stems.
In that case, if Ceropegia insects a little, then get rid of them is pretty easy, to do this, wash the Bush under a warm shower. If there are many pests, then transfer the Bush to fresh air and spray it with a solution of Phytoverm or Aktellik.
The herbaceous perennial plant has creeping fleshy stems. Smooth small thickened leaf plates have an elongated or ovoid shape. Small flowers of green or dark purple color consist of petals, converging tops, and even from the tube Corolla, the length of which is about 20 mm.
This herbaceous perennial plant has a slightly branched tuberous rhizome of rounded shape. Fleshy stems are usually bare, but sometimes they have pubescence. Short-petiolate ovate-lanceolate leaf plates are painted in greenish color, and their veins are white. Their length varies from 25 to 50 mm.
Umbellate inflorescences consist of flowers, reaching a diameter of about 50 mm, their outer surface is green, and the inner ― purple. The petals they have fiber, they are triangular, and the apex sharpened.
It has a tuberous rhizome of gray color, as well as purple creeping stems. Fleshy foliage can be lanceolate, ovate or triangular in shape, their width up to 15 mm, and length ― about 20 mm. On the dark green front surface of the plate has a marble pattern and the reverse surface of her greenish or purple.
During intensive growth, yellowish air nodules are formed in the nodes of the stems. With high humidity on the tubers grow roots, so they are used for reproduction of the flower.
Read more for Ceropegia woodii
In such a perennial plant stems thin and creeping. Fleshy leaf plates in width reach about 40 mm, and in length ― up to 50 mm, they have a heart-shaped-ovoid shape, which to the apex is short or stupidly pointed. On their reverse surface, the Central vein is convex. The short inflorescence is few-flowered.
The length of the green Corolla is about 70 mm, in the area of the pharynx, it has a paler color. At the base of the tube Corolla slightly swollen, and on top of it has a funnel-shaped shape. Five expanding subulate petals form a dome, the shape of which resembles a parachute. On the edge of the leaves, there are hairs whitish color.
This creeping shrub has thick stems (thickness 20 mm), which in the lower part rounded and the top becomes treherbert. For each reduced node has three whorled located sheet with two stipules. The leaf plates at the top are, and they can twist around the support. During flowering, few-flowered inflorescences are formed.