Dichroa Febrifuga is a garden shrub, dotted with gorgeous flowers of the light blue hue. The plant looks very impressive, so it is widely used in landscape design for the decoration of alleys and gazebos in city parks, creating hedges around the houses, decorating the areas around municipal buildings.
Popular varieties of blue hydrangea
.This color of buds is mainly in large-leaf Dichroa Febrifuga, there are two-color and three-color varieties that can change their color throughout the season. In addition, by creating certain conditions during the cultivation of plants and watering with a special composition.
Experienced gardeners have learned to give the inflorescences of Blue Evergreen Hydrangea.
Hydrangea bushes with blue flowers usually have large foliage. Inflorescences of the plant round shape, large size and are able to bloom profusely for quite a long time. At first, large-leaf Dichroa Febrifuga was grown in room conditions, as it was a very delicate plant and did not tolerate temperature changes.
Over time, this culture interested breeders, they subsequently brought frost-resistant varieties with changing color in the process of flowering, which is very fond of flora.
The most famous species of large-leaved hydrangea with blue and blue colors are:
- Grade Rumors. Bush has a fairly compact size with large leaves of dark green color. This variety is considered to be multi-colored. Color buds can vary from white and blue to bright purple, depending on the chemical composition of the soil. And also the plant may be present and pink inflorescences.
- Mini-Penny. This Dichroa Febrifuga to the repair and has a long flowering — from June to the end of November. The Bush is small, reaching about 90 cm in height, the inflorescences on it have a blue and pink hue. Very unpretentious in care grade shows high resistance to diseases and pests.
- Jomari pinkcome. Plant height of 80 cm, has a chic and very voluminous flower in the shape of a ball. Buds have a blue color. Flowering is very abundant, begins in early summer and lasts until late autumn. Inflorescences may develop on young shoots, and in the last year.
- Freedom. This Blue Hydrangea belongs to the two-color, it is able to change the color of the buds. At the beginning of flowering flowers have a pink color, and then gradually acquire a blue hue. Inflorescences are quite large, reach a diameter of 14-15 cm and very effectively stand out against the dark green foliage. To maintain the beauty of the plant, it needs competent care. Grow Bush should be in shady places, it should be watered in a timely manner, and in the winter be sure to cover.
- Kompeito.Refers to the crossed varieties, which are very fond of many gardeners for an unusual kind of flowers. The Bush in Blue Evergreen Hydrangea is small, the leaves are large, elongated, shoots are covered with a group of inflorescences having a lilac-purple color with a white middle.
- Cotton blue. Recently bred variety, which has become very popular with many gardeners. The plant reaches a height of 80-100 cm, the leaves are large, located quite thick. Flowers of unusual shape are purple and blue.
- Blueberry Cheesecake Hydrangea. A large number of gardeners are happy to grow Dichroa Febrifuga with such an unusual name. Bush has a length of 90 cm, the crown diameter of about 120 cm Lush inflorescences reach 20 cm in diameter. If during the care of the plant to change the composition of the soil, you can achieve different tone shades of blue.
- Spike. The height of the Bush can reach a height of 130 cm inflorescences are very lush and beautiful, round shape, combine a scattering of small flowers of the pink and blue hue. Flowering lasts a very long time, as the buds are able to develop on fresh and last year’s shoots.
Dichroa Febrifuga: planting and care
Choice of the landing site and soil preparation
Blue Evergreen Hydrangea planting is best in March or September.
The place for a garden plant should be chosen in partial shade, as the sun’s rays can negatively affect the growth and development of the shrub, resulting in inflorescences are small and flowering short.
The ideal place for a comfortable existence is a small lawn, located near the branched trees that will create diffuse lighting for hydrangea.
And also keep in mind that Dichroa Febrifuga cannot be planted close to other plantations, as a flowering shrub, especially with good care, can grow stronger, so around it must be free space of at least 2.5 meters.
To ornamental plant grew healthy and for a year pleased you with its flowering, it is necessary to plant it in high-quality soil, rich in nutrients. Since hydrangea loves moisture, the soil where it will grow should always be moist and loose. To do this, you can buy a special substrate in a special store or make it yourself.
During the preparation of the soil should not forget that blue hydrangea loves the acidic environment and cannot tolerate when it is a lot of lime. The following components must be present in the soil:
- Leaf land – 3 parts.
- Turf – 3 parts.
- Coarse sand – 1 part.
Planting in the open ground
Grow the plant can be as follows:
- Dig a hole 50 cm wide and about 40 cm deep and pour 5-6 buckets of water into it a day before planting to soak the ground with moisture.
- The next day it is necessary to add to the pit nutrient soil and a little mineral fertilizer to stimulate the growth of roots.
- Then the seedling should be placed in the hole and gently sprinkle with earth, then slightly seal it around the plant.
- Now the young hydrangea must be abundantly watered and on the surface of the soil around the plant to put peat or pine needles.
Care of Dichroa Febrifuga
First of all blue hydrangea needs regular watering, as it is very moisture-loving. Insufficient moisture greatly affects the flowering and well-being of the plant.
Watering should be 2 times a week, pouring 4-5 buckets of water under each Bush. The main thing is never to allow the drying of the soil around the plant. In hot weather, it is recommended to periodically spray the Bush. In winter, watering can be reduced to 1 time per month.
Feeding is also a necessary step in the care of Dichroa Febrifuga. The first time the fertilizer must be made in the spring, it should consist of a mixture of superphosphate, potassium sulfide, and urea. The second time feeding should be carried out in July, during the formation of buds, here it is necessary to use superphosphate and potassium sulfide. And the last application of nutrients should be in September with the use of organic fertilizers.
How to trim Blue Evergreen Hydrangea Bush
If you do not, the Bush will grow to a shapeless mass and will not look aesthetically pleasing. Pruning is recommended in several stages, given that all varieties of blue hydrangea bloom on last year’s shoots.
To bring the plant in order to do the following:
- In late March — early April, you need to remove with garden scissors a small number of old shoots, simultaneously removing dry and damaged branches.
- Annual shoots should also be cut a little, leaving about 6 buds.
- If the Bush is too thick, some of the shoots can be cut off completely.
- With the onset of autumn, it is recommended to cut all the flowers from the bushes.
- To carry out feeding after this procedure is not required.
Dichroa Febrifuga is growing in late November, the Bush begins to shed leaves, so the plant is preparing for the onset of winter. The rest period lasts 3 months, and with the arrival of warm days, blue hydrangea comes to life again and begins to recover quickly.
Care in the winter for the plant is quite simple. To do this, first of all, reduce watering, but do not allow the soil to dry out. Feeding at this time, too, will not be needed.
If the hydrangea is planted in a separate pot, it is necessary to put it in a cool and dark place, and plants that grow in the open ground should be covered before the onset of frost.
How to make Dichroa Febrifuga
Multicolored hydrangea there are several varieties of large-leaf hydrangea, which are able to change the color of their colors depending on the composition of the soil. If the soil where the Bush grows is quite acidic, then the inflorescences themselves will change their color, for example, pink will eventually become purple or purple, and white will become blue.
But you can try to artificially change the color of the buds and that’s what you need to do for this:
- Before planting hydrangeas, add peat or sulfur to the ground to create an acidic environment.
- You can regularly water the shrub with a solution of ammonium sulfate and 15 grams in 1 liter of water to preserve the acidity of the soil. Before such watering, it is necessary to take into account that the earth around the plant is moistened with ordinary water, otherwise, the solution can burn the roots of hydrangea.
- To maintain the acidity of the soil, it is recommended to use natural products, such as solutions of orange and lemon crusts, coffee, needles of coniferous trees.
- A very good result for changing the color of the buds and give special fertilizers suitable for blue varieties of hydrangea.
- If close to plants to bury any items of iron, it may also change the color of the buds.
It should not be forgotten that long-term use of all these methods cannot be, as the composition of the soil can irreversibly change for the worse and grow other plants in this place will be impossible. Therefore, experienced gardeners recommend planting the blue hydrangea in special pots designed for such plants, which can be immediately filled with certain soil and easily maintain the desired composition.