Ficus microcarpa, or Ficus Green Island, is an evergreen tree belonging to the mulberry. Initially, it grew in natural conditions only on the island of Borneo, located in Southeast Asia. Later he began to move to Bermuda and some tropical areas of the United States of America. In the wild, this type of ficus is a robust and hardy plant.
Ficus Microcarpa bonsai description
It house flower in its natural habitat is a sizeable epiphytic plant. Settling on large trees, it proliferates, forming a lush crown and long, but impotent roots. Hanging from the branches of trees, they are an exciting sight.
The height of the plant growing in tropical forests can reach 20 meters. Specimens living in indoor conditions reach 1.5 meters, but most often they are grown in the form of small original bonsai, gradually exposing the roots and conducting regular pruning of shoots.
For the trunk of this ficus is characterized by the bark of gray color, it has a very smooth, thin and delicate structure. So when grown ficus indoors, you need to handle for plant carefully, so as not to damage.. The shoots of the plant are covered with small foliage, which can have an elliptical, oval or rounded shape.
During flowering Ficus Green Island
Is covered with flowers of unusual shape, resembling berries (Ciconia). Further in their place by small fruits less than 1 cm in diameter. That is why this type of ficus got its name, the translation of which sounds like small-fruited.
Often on the pot purchased plants also write Ficus microcarpa Ginseng. These ficusses are grown mainly. After planting the ficus, it very quickly forms the root, the growth of which is stimulated by unique means and hormones.
When the root reaches a large size, ficus dig, cut off the stem, cleaned and planted in pots, leaving the root above the ground surface, only slightly was added dropwise.
- Over time, the skin of the roots coarsens and turns into the bark.
- The growth of a new shoot is also stimulated by chemicals or grafted branches of other plants.
- At this stage, in the form of a small tree with a large root of the plant fall on the shelves.
- To grow bonsai in the future, use tools that slow down the growth of ficus.
Care in the first days after purchase
Currently ficus microcarpa bonsai with original roots, strongly coming to the surface, can be easily purchased in specialty stores.
Care for it in the first days after purchase will determine its further condition and proper development.
Important! Bringing the plant from the store home, you can not immediately transplant it. It must go through a period of adaptation and get out of the stressful situation that he caused moving to a new place of residence.
Pot with ficus should be placed separately from other houseplants for two weeks. At this time, you should monitor his condition and check for signs of diseases and pests that may have been invisible when buying. If they are found, you need to carry out appropriate treatment immediately.
During this period, the plant can lose some of the foliage. Do not be afraid of this, the loss of leaves is its natural reaction to a change of scenery. It would help if you sprayed it daily, you can add a growth stimulant to the water, and very soon it will begin to produce new, young leaves.
At the end of the quarantine, it is necessary to transplant the plant in a new pot with appropriate soil. Plants in the stores usually kept in tanks with a transport soil, which contains almost no nutrients.
Important! Pot with a ficus immediately after planting to place on a constant place of growth, as this type does not respond well to the permutation. The exception is the summer period when it is recommended to have on the balcony, where it is well developed.
Ficus Microcarpa care at Home
Despite its exotic appearance, ficus microcarpa does not require any special conditions, as well as complex care. Learn some rules on its content and follow them in the process of growing this unusual plant.
Ficus macrocarpa does not like abundant light. However, and the strong shadow it is contraindicated. In this case, it will begin to shed leaves, stretch, and then slow down growth and lose decorative.
Therefore, it is necessary to choose a place in the Western or Eastern part of the room, preferably at some distance from the window.
This type of ficus refers to heat-loving plants. Therefore, in spring and summer, it needs to provide an air temperature of 25 to 30 degrees. In autumn and winter it is reduced, but not below 16 degrees.
In this case, the temperature should be constant. The plant reacts negatively to its differences, as well as to drafts.
Pour microcarpa should, to the extent necessary, after dry out the top layer of the substrate. Frequent overflow threatens to rot the root system and a prolonged lack of falling leaves. Water for irrigation should be purified or defended and have room temperature.
For a normal functioning of Ficus Green Island not require a high level of moisture, it will be enough 70 percent. If it is lower, you need to increase the number of sprays of the plant and the space around it. You can put a pot with a plant in a tray filled with pebbles or sphagnum moss, which should be moistened daily.
Soil and fertilizers
This species requires light, fertile soil with low acidity. To compile it, you can use the following proportions:
- Turf land – 2 parts;
- Leaf land – 1 piece;
- Humus earth – 1 part;
- Coarse sand – 1 part.
In spring and summer, the plant is fertilized every two weeks with the use of complex mineral fertilizers. Since autumn, it is reduced to 1 time per month. Before making feeding microcarpa need to be watered to prevent burn of the root system.
Pruning and shaping the crown
To preserve the beautiful shape of the crown of the plant, it is necessary to carry out regular pruning of newly grown branches. They are usually given to form up to 10 pairs of leaves, and then shortened to three.
It is recommended to do this in spring and summer. Place the slices should be washed from the milky juice and sprinkle with crushed activated carbon.
If you purchased a small enough specimen and it is expected to grow in the form of bonsai, then when it reaches a height of 15 centimeters, you need to cut off the top to stimulate the active development of lateral shoots, as they grow in the future to form the crown, the selected form.
Ficus microcarpa transplant
As the trunk and the root system of Ficus Green Island grow slowly, enough to plant one operation in two years. This should be done in early spring so that it quickly caught on and began to develop rapidly further.
- Transplant this type of ficus should be in a pot no more than 5 centimeters larger in diameter than the previous one. It is necessary to pour a good layer of drainage and new nutrient soil.
- Ficus should be carefully removed from the container. The roots are cleaned of soil residues and cut to 10 centimeters.
- After that, it should be placed in a new pot, seal the soil and slightly moisten it.
- The plant should be placed in a shaded room before rooting.
Propagate this plant can be using air layering and seeds. However, it is quite time-consuming ways, with sometimes unsuccessful ending. Most often for the propagation of microcarpa produce cuttings using apical cuttings with a length of about 10 centimeters.
You can take those that are left after pruning. For their planting, you need to prepare boxes with a drainage layer and a mixture of peat and sand. Planting material for a few hours is recommended to be put in a container with a solution of a growth stimulant, and then planted. Boxes should be placed in a warm, shaded room.
Within a month, the cuttings should form roots. After this time, the seedlings need to cut off all the leaves, leaving only the top pair.
In half a month it is necessary to carry out the first fertilizing of young plants. After a few months, when they are well strengthened, they can be seated in separate pots, with a diameter of not more than 10 centimeters.
Possible diseases and pests
With improper care, the ficus microcarpa can be infected with spider mites, when they appear, the leaves are entangled in a web, and then fall off. If the leaves of the plant became sticky, then the plant settled shield.
In these cases, you need to immediately wash all parts of the ficus with a solution of green or Laundry soap, and then spray with an insecticide solution.
Of the diseases for this type of ficus, the most dangerous is root rot, which occurs with excessive watering. In this case, it is necessary to transplant the plant into new soil, after removing the affected areas of the root system, and the remaining part should be treated with a fungicide.