Sarracenia — it a marsh, grassy plant is a perennial. It is among the biggest carnivorous plants. Its leaflets which are from below scaly. The Leaflets differing in rather a big size are collected in the socket. They tower over a plant and the building something remind a ballot box with quite a wide opening from above or a tubular jug.
This plant can live only in certain places as it is endemic. So, it perfectly grows and develops in the Atlantic-North American floristic zone. However, the Sarracenia purpurea delivered to marshy areas of Central Ireland perfectly there accustomed.
Flowers quite large and saturated color, they have a double perianth. They tower over a plant on a strong peduncle without leaves which is from 1 to 3 on one individual. This plant differs very big, a bizarre shape in a column in the form of an umbrella. On it, there are not really big snouts under a top of each blade. At a Sarracenia purple it the biggest size.
There are such types which are among also the Sarracenia flava forming thickets, huge on the area, in marshy areas. Tubular, ridge jugs traps of this plant depart almost vertically from the strong horizontally located rhizome. In length, they can make about 70 or 80 centimeters.
At other types jugs traps of the smaller size and in length they reach from 10 to 40 centimeters. Their bigger number has motley coloring in which yellow, purple and green color prevails. The drawing which is located near an entrance to a trap is painted in the most saturated colors that do it very noticeable for insects (even from a distance).
Each stalker leaf from escape has a wing-shaped fringe. And its top part is very similar to a cover. It plays the role of a peculiar “umbrella” which is created from the top blade of a leaf. It a little bit closes an entrance to a trap, protecting it from a hit of rain droplets.
The victims which insects are attracts a very strong aroma of nectar. And his creator is the nectariferous gland capable to form nectar in rather a large number. The insect who appeared on we dodge leaflet slides down a honey path. Inside on a surface of walls of such traps, there are special hairs which allow the victim to move only down.
Then the victim appears in trap stores and from there it will not be able all ready to get out in any way. After that, it is gradually dissolved in digestive juice. As a result, the plant receives nitrogen, necessary for its activity, magnesium, calcium and also potassium.
It is interesting that various birds consider a Sarracenia, something like a feeding trough. They quite often peck out yet not absolutely digested insects. There are data of scientists in which it is said that the remains of little wood frogs were found in such jugs traps in several cases.
Introduction to Carnivorous Pitcher plant Sarracenia
There are such insects who can quietly live in these jugs traps. The matter is that they are capable to produce special substances which save an insect from the influence of digestive juice. D. Phish (1976) studied it in more detail, and he writes that in jugs traps there can quietly live larvae of a meat fly, a night moth with the larvae and a wasp, managing in the same place to do the nests. These insects destroy the most part of the victims who got in a trap. And also they considerably damage sheet fabrics from what traps cannot normally function anymore. Thereof these insects are capable to do much harm very strongly to the whole populations of the plant.
There are very decorative types of a Sarracenia, and in some countries, they are grown up already long ago. The plant yellow enjoys the greatest popularity. This ornamental perennial plant which has light orange flowers of the big size and also juicy, beautiful and curved light green jugs traps. If in house conditions to provide them the correct care and to water plentifully, then these plants excellently feel also without additional fertilizing by insects. Also Sarracenia purple enjoys also wide popularity. Its fragrant florets pleasantly smell of violets.
At only several species of such plant in leaflets, but also other elevated parts, alkaloid сараценин was found. It is used in medicine.
Care of a Sarracenia in house conditions
In order that this plant well felt and normally grew, it needs special soil. So, in nature, it prefers to grow on river and lake coast, and on swamps. Housesit can be put in close proximity to the pool or an artificial twig. When landing in a container it is required землесмесь consisting of 2 parts of perlite, 4 parts of peat and 1 part of construction sand. рН 5–6 has to be approximately equal.
It is not necessary to feed up at all as introduction even of a small dose of fertilizer can ruin a plant.
How to water
In case this carnivorous is put about a pond in a garden, then it is not necessary to water it. It will take the necessary amount of liquid from the soil. At cultivation in a container, it is necessary to water rather intensively.
The soil has to be moistened all the time. In winter time it is necessary to reduce a little watering as at a plant the dormant period begins. During intensive growth, it is necessary to watch that the flowerpot was in the water on height about 25 millimeters.
From October to April watering it is necessary to carry out 1 time in 7 days to the period. When change is carried out, it is necessary to increase watering. So, at this time the Sarracenia of 1 time needs to water in a day.
Very much loves light. The plant needs 8–10 hours a day are under bright sunshine. Therefore in the room, it is recommended to be placed with a window of the western or southern orientation. It is also possible to provide a bolt of lightning with fluorescent lamps.
Choice of a container or pot
Because the plant prefers to grow in the humidified, well-trained earth, the container or a pot has to conform to these requirements as much as possible.
It is recommended to stop the choice of pots from plastic or glass. They at the bottom have to have good drain holes through which excess liquid will flow. The containers made of porous materials, in this case, do not approach. All because they absorb a large amount of water.
Features of change
This fast-growing plant. And at the correct left to its root system, it can become quickly enough close in a pot. In this regard, change has to be systematic and it is better to carry out it to springtime when the dormant period ends. It is necessary to choose for landing the capacity, not of the really big size.
Ways of reproduction
It is possible to multiply seeds. Their seeding is recommended to be made in cups Understand on peat. The grown-up seedlings dive in separate small pots. Before sowing, seeds should be prepared. For this purpose 1–2 months they have to be subjected to cold stratification. Without it, they will not ascend.
Sarracenia yellow can be multiplied division of a rhizome. At the same time, it is necessary to consider that the plant has to be rather expanded. If to divide a bush very often, then the plant considerably becomes shallow and can die at all.
Diseases and wreckers
In the summertime, the web tick or a plant louse can lodge. In the winter decay is often formed.