The flower a peperomia on the extent of many years enjoys wide popularity of flower growers. The evergreen perennial grassy plant belongs to the Capsicum family. The homeland of a peperomia is India and South America, and in the world, there are more than 1000 species of this surprising flower. Ampelous versions widely apply at registration of balconies and window openings.
Types and grades of a peperomia
Having placed a plant in a suspended flowerpot, it is possible to change significantly the room and to add originality to an interior. For dressing of rooms quite often use the cut-off peperomia stalks. Sectional types also managed to get accustomed to offices and apartments.
They are quite compact (stalks reach a height of 20-30 centimeters), have the form of the small bush which is plentifully covered with colorful foliage. During blossoming the peperomia will please you with the fragrant buds towering over foliage.
To what version you would not give preference, before purchase you, by all means, should study information on features of care of a tropical wonder and also recommendations about its landing, cutting and reproduction.
As we noted earlier, a houseplant the peperomia has a set of versions. Thanks to so wide range, each flower grower will be able to pick up the flower which is ideally corresponding to its esthetic tastes and stylistic registration of the room. To make the right choice, it is necessary to consider the description of the most widespread types in more detail. Let’s start!
Represents a grassy perennial which is characterized by the thick, powerful escapes reaching 40 centimeters in height. The peperomia has smooth petiolar leaves an oval of this look the unusual petiolar leaves with the cut-off top which are serially located on a stalk are. They can have the ovoid or oval form.
The color of foliage in many respects depends on the chosen grade. As a rule, it is painted in dark green, milky-white or silvery-green colors. The Obtusifilia peperomia – the blossoming plant, but flower stalk often remains unnoticed as practically does not differ from young escape.
The Magnoliaefolia peperomia, by all means, will be to the taste to fans of compact window plants, a height of an adult plant does not exceed 25 centimeters. This perennial has the fleshy, densely branching, upright escapes of brown-green color with quite large light knots. Stalks plentifully cover dense roundish leaflets of a saturated-green shade.
Hard inflorescences have the form of cones and consist of small pistachio florets. Also in flower shops, you can meet grades which leaves have a pale yellow or light green color, exotic impregnations, malachite or shapeless spots.
The wrinkled peperomia is a quite tiny ornamental plant (up to 10 cm in height) which is often applied at registration of window sills or small room small greeneries. The characteristic feature of this look is the unusual sheet plate with a set of the veins reminding wrinkles. Leaves are painted in green color, and convex veins have a brown color.
During the summer period, the wrinkled peperomia will please you with snow-white flower cones which majestically tower over a bright bush. It is interesting that the plant has no natural dormant period therefore at due leaving will grow on the extent of all year.
Kaperata (the second name of a grade) represents the small evergreen bush which is densely covered with saturated-green heart-shaped leaves of rounded shape. Lilian’s peperomia received the name thanks to snow-white inflorescences which remind fine buds of lilies. On the end of blossoming on tops of inflorescences, small dry berries appear.
The adult plant can reach up to 32 centimeters in height and width. There is a set of kinds of this exotic flower which differ in a form of leaves, a color of escapes and foliage. Most often this look is applied at registration of ampelous compositions.
This is one more unusual representative of family Peppery which is famous for the decorative properties. He got wide circulation thanks to the oblong, fleshy, brown-green leaves placed by bunches on a stalk. Bright foliage is quite often taken for flowers. Actually, Rosso’s peperomia quite seldom blossoms and it cannot brag of beautiful buds.
Its imperceptible spike inflorescences consist of tiny, same-sex florets. The motley bush has the flower star form, therefore, looks very effective. Despite so exotic look, a plant it is unpretentious and capable to adapt to new conditions of dwelling quickly.
The round-leaved peperomia belongs to ampelous types. Represents a tiny creeping plant which perfectly will be suitable for decoration of a verandah, a balcony or a window opening. Thin reddish escapes are densely covered tiny (to 1 cm in length), the round leaves of light green color sitting on short scapes.
Placed in suspended vases, they look as if volume openwork spheres. With their help, you will be able to refresh an interior and to fill the room with bright paints. Besides the rotundifolia peperomia has no expressed dormant period, therefore, will please you with the beauty on an extent of all year.
Represents the bush consisting of a set of powerful, upright succulent escapes. Dense leaflets are placed in verticils on 4-5 pieces. They have back ovoid form and a roundish top. On a sheet plate, 3 arcuate veins are well visible. Stalks and foliage are plentifully trimmed soft grayish-white hairs.
The size of leaves and appearance of a plant in many respects depend on microclimatic conditions of its contents. The verticillata peperomia developing in the damp room has quite large leaves, the rarefied verticils, and poorly expressed omission. If it lacks for moisture, leaves will be small, verticils pulled together, and omission quite dense.
Silver Ripple peperomia
This tiny look by right is considered one of the most effective. The silvery peperomia has a short field stalk on which long scapes with the leaves twisted in sockets are placed. By the way, unusual color of leaves also draws attention to a bushy plant. They have a rounded shape and have up to 12 centimeters diameter.
Silvery color of a sheet plate alternates with a bright green color a streak, forming the unique drawing. The plant looks so as if purposely poured over it silvery paint, therefore, it is often taken for artificial. By the way, in common people, this look received the name for an original coloring a peperomia water-melon.
Thanks to the motley, original foliage painted in three colors, this grade won popularity among flower growers. Near a vein the sheet plate has a dark green color which is closer to the center is replaced pale yellow, and the reddish border gives to a leaflet still big expressiveness. The Variyega peperomia – a tiny houseplant which will perfectly fit into any interior.
Also with its help, you will be able to create a huge number of flower compositions Is remarkable that in nature the Euonymus fortunei version does not meet.
This look represents a grassy perennial with a set of branched stalks of red color. On each escape, about 4 opposite leaflets are placed. The top part of a sheet plate is painted in saturated-green color, and a bottom side – in brown-red. Small oblong leaves of an oval form plentifully cover stalks, doing a bush quite a volume and magnificent.
The peperomia reddish is quite often applied to the creation of ampelous decorative compositions. The plant is unpretentious in leaving therefore even the beginning flower grower will be able to grow up it. The main thing – to create optimal microclimatic conditions, in time to carry out watering and fertilizing.
Represents a grassy tree. The distinctive feature of this look is the specific form and color of small leaflets. The ampelous peperomia has the extended escapes reaching up to 1.5 meters in length. As a rule, the plant is placed in a suspended flowerpot from which beautifully fall its stalks which are plentifully covered with bright foliage.
There is a set of kinds of an ampelous peperomia, therefore, a form, the color and an order of arrangement of leaves on a stalk directly depend on the grade chosen by you. The creeping liana is often applied when dressing arches, balconies and window openings, it is also used for the creation of room suspended gardens.
The Pereskiifolia peperomia is rather a large representative of a look Peppery. It has the oblong ascending escapes which after several years bend down and take roots. Leaves of an elliptic form are slightly pointed at a tip, painted in dark green color, reach up to 5 centimeters in length.
In a vertical from 3 to 5 leathery leaflets are placed, on a sheet plate, 3 arcuate veins are accurately visible. A pot with a plant it is desirable to arrange in a penumbra as, from the influence of direct sunshine leaves, peperomias turn pale, losing the saturated color and decorative properties.
Is an ampelous version with the dense, wide leaves growing on creeping stalks. Escapes can reach up to 25 centimeters in length therefore in advance think of support for a magnificent bush or place it in a suspended pot.
The Glabella peperomia is capable to adapt practices to any conditions, but experts recommend to place it in the darkened places and to refuse frequent watering. The color of leaves, stalks, and scapes directly depends on it. In a penumbra, they will have a bright color, and in well-lit places, the plant will grow dull and will lose former appeal.
Compact bush with a set of creeping stalks up to 30 centimeters long. Has the next leaves of rounded shape (with a diameter up to 2 cm). Characteristic of young leaflets is an almost imperceptible network from brown veins, adult escapes are in turn painted in bright green color. The prostrata blossoms in the fall.
During blossoming on a bush fragile purple flower stalk with hardly noticeable whitish inflorescences appear. Representatives of this look are used as decorative and deciduous, ampelous plants.
Is an epiphany version with the upright escapes expanding in different directions or falling from a suspended flowerpot. Oval leaves of green color have a cream fringing, and their length is, as a rule, equal to 5-6 centimeters.
The creeping peperomia does not demand bright lighting and frequent waterings, therefore, it will suit even to those who have not enough time for permanent care of houseplants. Let’s note that in the market grades also meet the hanging-down and lying escapes.
Peru and Ecuador are considered the homeland of this succulent. The tropical wonder was fallen in love to many flower growers thanks to the original color of foliage. The top part of a sheet plate is painted in light green color, and lower has a ruby color.
Such an unusual combination of flowers gives peperomias graveolensis very attractive and exotic look. The feature of this grade is that the oblong, twisted at the edges leaves fasten directly to a stalk upright brown red.
During blossoming the bush throws out thin cones with pale yellow inflorescences. The height of a plant does not exceed 25 centimeters.
The peperomia scandens
It is possible to call this ampelous look one of the most popular safely. He perfectly adapts to room conditions and does not demand specific leaving. The scandens peperomia – the succulent, its stalks and leaflets are capable to accumulate and store water on an extent of a long time, therefore, she perfectly transfers even a long drought.
Such unpretentious plant will suit travelers or people who are often forced to go to business trips, the climbing peperomia will not lose the decorative properties.
Young leaflets have rounded shape and are painted in beige color, after some time they become oblong and pointed, their color changes on pale cream with specific green marks. Stalks of an adult plant can reach up to 1.5 meters in length.
The peperomia grows better in a penumbra, therefore, experts recommend to place it at a northern window. It is only the small list of the existing versions. Velvety, fine-leaved and marble peperomias enjoy not smaller popularity. Also recently the increasing distribution is got by the peperomia a mix representing a set of several tiny versions landed in one capacity.
How to look after a peperomia in house conditions
That the plant pleased you with the excellent view, it is necessary to create for it a favorable microclimatic environment. The peperomia is unpretentious therefore even the beginning flower growers will be able to carry out the correct leaving in house conditions. So, we suggest considering the recommendations of experts which will help you to grow up a healthy plant.
The peperomia is photophilous but does not suffer the long influence of direct sunshine. The excess of light leads to the fact that colorful leaves and stalks fade and lose the decorative properties. If you grow up a flower in the room leaving to the south, place a pot in the depth of the room or cover it by means of a paper peak.
When choosing to light it is also necessary to consider a type of Peperomia. For example, grades with dark green foliage will comfortably feel in a shadow and a penumbra, and here views with an unusual motley coloring need to be provided with a large amount of bright light.
Very important on an extent of year to maintain average air temperature. During the spring and summer period when the plant is going to release young escapes, a temperature of 20-25 °C will be optimum. It is possible to lower a little in its winter, but consider that at a temperature below 16 °C the risk of developing diseases increases.
The peperomia is not recommended to be taken out on the street therefore for implementation of its transportation it is necessary to wrap up and place in a dense package or a box properly. Also, the plant does not stand drafts, and the wrong placement can become the leaf fall reason.
As we already noted earlier, this representative of flora will not bring upon you a lot of trouble, does not need careful leaving. The humidity of air is not a vital factor for a peperomia. It well reacts to sprayings (especially during the summer period), but their absence will not have a negative impact on it. As a rule, sprayings carry out to clean leaves from the accumulated dust, and to refresh a little a plant.
During vegetation, the peperomia plant cares frequent and plentiful watering. It is necessary to water it with soft, defended warm water which temperature by a couple of degrees exceeds room. From early autumn until the end of winter it is better to reduce the frequency of watering.
It is interesting that the flower transfers a lack of moisture better, than its surplus. By the way, excessive watering can lead to rotting of roots, developing fungal infections and withering of stalks. If leaves fall down, then it means that you insufficiently often moisten the soil.
The plant a peperomia can do long without fertilizing only in that case when it is planted to the nutritious soil. Otherwise, she needs to be fed up constantly complex mineral mixes. We recommend giving preference to fertilizers which are developed especially for representatives of the family the capsicum.
They can be got in all specialized flower shops. Since the beginning of spring until the end of fall fertilizing is carried out twice a month, and during the winter period, it is reduced to once.
As a rule, the peperomia blossoms in the summer. During this period on bush oblong spike inflorescences which tower over green foliage are formed. The blossoming peperomia needs plentiful watering and frequent sprayings.
Let’s note that flowers of this plant are not famous for the decorative properties, therefore, experienced flower growers recommend to get rid of peduncle at a stage of their education. The matter is that blossoming selects very many forces because of what it can become less dense at a bush. Quite often cases when after blossoming the peperomia dumps a part of stalks meet, and its leaves fall down.
How to cut off a peperomia
Exclusively large grades need a cutting. It is applied to increase in a bush and giving to a plant of a beautiful form. It is quite simple to carry out cutting: examine a bush, and then by means of garden scissors accurately pinch off weak escapes from a top.
Thanks to such a procedure, the plant will take a great view. If you do not want that the bush spent forces for blossoming, cut off also the formed inflorescences. As for compact types, they are cut off only for removal of the withered, damaged or dry leaves. Let’s note that young peperomias react to this procedure better.
As the peperomia breeds
The set of various types of a peperomia, therefore, it is not strange that flower growers hurry to fill up the room gardens with new grades is presented at the market. We suggest understanding how the exotic plant breeds and also to get acquainted in details with the main methods.
For a start, it is necessary to pave the way in which you place a sapling. You can make it independently, having connected sand, peat, and humus in equal proportions, or to buy in a specialized shop. For reproduction use both stem, and top shanks.
Your task – to choose a powerful escape on which there is at least one knot. Accurately pinch off it, and then place in water for several days that it took root. After that, you can safely land shanks in the soil.
Capacity with saplings needs to be covered with glass and to place in well-lit place, room temperature should not fall below 20 °C. You watch closely shanks, do not forget to water in due time them, and in a month they will take roots.
After this time you will be able to replace them in individual flower pots. Reproduction of a peperomia shanks goes through four stages: cutting of a shank, processing of a cut the disinfecting means, rooting in water, landing in a pot
Reproduction by a leaf is one of the simplest methods. Properly examine a bush, choose several powerful leaves, and then by means of a stationary knife or a fine edge cut off them. It is important that sheet plates were healthy, had no damages and symptoms of infection with parasites. At the basis of a leaf leave a small scape, and then place it in settled water.
Rooting will take place quicker in the warm room. By the way, once in 2 days water needs to be changed for clean, otherwise, the sapling can decay. As soon as on a leaflet there are roots (3-4 weeks), replace it in a separate pot and look after as an adult plant.
At once we will warn what on the cultivation of a peperomia by this method will demand to spend a lot of time and forces. Experts recommend sowing seeds in the capacity filled with the moistened substrate of the sheet earth and sand.
The best time for landing – the period from March to April. Capacity with seeds needs to be covered with glass and to move to the warm, well-lit room. Do not forget to open several times a week saplings for airing and also to spray the soil with clear water.
After on shoots about 2 real leaves appear, transplant them. The optimum distance between seedlings – 2-3 centimeters. The temperature in the room where the box with seedling is placed has to be supported at the level of 20 °C. Try to save it from direct sunshine and drafts. When seedlings gain strength and will become stronger, replace them in small pots with a diameter of 7 centimeters.
Division of a bush
This way allows to fill up quickly enough a garden, on the end of a procedure you receive already adult plant. The method is applied in case the bush too strongly expanded. Let’s note that it is necessary to carry out the procedure in the spring (March-April).
Get a plant from a pot, slightly shake the earth and examine a bush. Put a peperomia on a table and accurately divide a root into two parts. All manipulations need to be carried out manually, without resorting to the help of the cutting tools.
Further, you will need only to seat the received bushes in individual flowerpots and to plentifully water them with fertilizer addition.
How to replace a peperomia
Up to three years the peperomia is in a stage of active growth, therefore, it is necessary to replace it annually, then it will be possible to change 1 time the soil and a pot in 2 years. Experienced flower growers recommend to carry out the procedure during the period from March to April as at this particular time its growth amplifies and it increases in sizes a little. Change after purchase is required only in case of discrepancy of the sizes of a pot to the plant sizes.
Responsibly treat the substrate choice. The soil has to be friable and nutritious therefore give preference to mixes which part peat, sand, and hummus is. In heavy soil, the bush will not be able to take roots that will lead to leaf fall and death of a plant. The substrate needs to be loosened from time to time to provide continuous access of oxygen to a root system.
The peperomia does not tolerate an excess of moisture, therefore, take care of qualitative drainage. It will interfere with the stagnation of water and considerably will reduce the risk of developing fungal infections.
Choice of a pot and landing
Window plants need to be planted in tiny, superficial pots as when landing in too spacious flowerpot the peperomia loses the decorative properties. It is connected with the fact that it has a small root system.
Annually it is necessary to increase the diameter of a flowerpot no more, than by 2-3 centimeters. Before landing to a bottom of a pot place a drainage layer, then fill up it with substrate and place in it a plant. It is not recommended to deepen the stalk basis leave it over the surface of the soil. On the end of a procedure do not forget to water a peperomia plentifully.
Diseases and wreckers of a peperomia
Practically all diseases arise owing to the wrong leaves. For example, poor watering or placement of a peperomia in the cool room can become the reason of subsidence of foliage. Brown spots appear on leaves from behind drafts and sharp temperature differences, therefore, you should not transport a plant without special shelter.
The excess moisture also leads to negative consequences. Leaves blacken, begin to decay and soon fall down, therefore, it is not recommended to place a peperomia in the phyto filter. If you do not take necessary measures in time, the flower can die.
Noticed that foliage turns yellow, it is wrinkled and withers? It is a sure sign of the fact that you incorrectly arranged a pot with a plant. It should not be under the influence of direct sunshine, they are the reason for tarnishing of leaves, and sometimes in addition and leave on them burns.
As a rule, wreckers strike the weakened bushes. On a peperomia ticks, a mealy scale and nematodes can parasitize. It is desirable to get rid of them still until they did not manage to do to plant harm.
Treatment is carried out by means of processing by fungicides and by changes of a peperomia to the steamed soil. It is much simpler to prevent developing of diseases and wreckers than to fight against infection consequences therefore diligently adhere to the table of leaving.
A sectional peperomia – a great option for those who want to decorate the apartment with an exotic, but unpretentious plant. It is not poisonous, and opposite promotes clarification of air from a set of impurity, harmful for a human body. A set of unusual versions will help with the creation of unique flower compositions, therefore, you will be able to realize even the most courageous ideas.