Such sort as Aeonium has a direct bearing on the Crassulaceae family. It unites about 40 species of perennials which are presented by grassy plants, semi-bushes and also bushes. Their most part in nature can be met in a subtropical zone and generally on the Canary Islands, Madeira, in East Africa and Morocco. All types of this sort have a certain similarity. So, their succulent leaves collected in sockets accrue rather dense spirals on the tips of naked stalks.
Care of an aeonium in house conditions
There are such types which between leaflets have no gleam, sheet plates have placed the friend on the friend, and on the arrangement, they are very similar to scales of a pine cone. As a rule, the form of leaflets spatulates and is available a point on a tip for some of the types. With age, foliage falls down, and on trunks, in this case, it is possible to make out pale hems of a diamond-shaped form.
Blossoming lasts about 4 weeks. Small florets which diameter reaches only 0,3 in can be painted in pink, yellow or white color. Razdelnolepestna the nimbus has 9 very narrow petals of a linear form.
Very much loves light. Such plant should provide bright lighting during the whole year, even during a dormant period which is observed in the winter. In this regard in cold season, it is recommended to be lighting special photo lamps, at the same time you should not forget that duration of a light day during the whole year has to be from 10 to 12 hours.
- In the summertime, such plant is recommended to be transferred to fresh air (on a balcony, in a garden). The place can be chosen as solar as direct beams of the sun do not harm such a flower.
- If light will be not enough, then sheet plates will turn pale, and those which have a motley color will become just green. Also, sheet sockets become less dense, and stalks are extended.
The aeonium needs cool temperature condition. So, in the summertime, he will be best of all to feel at a temperature from 16 to 23 degrees. If in the room is warmer, then the plant needs a continuous inflow of fresh air (best of all to move it to the street).
In winter time at such flower, the pronounced dormant period during which it needs a cool is observed. From the middle autumn and prior to the beginning of the spring period it is necessary to maintain temperature from 8 to 12 degrees in the room. If the wintering is warm, then the flower can dump all leaflets and lose the decorative effect.
How to water
During intensive grow, it is necessary to water moderately. It is necessary to water a plant only after the soil in a pot dries out on 1/3 part of the height. In winter time watering has to be very poor. That the flower needs to be watered can prompt leaflets, so, they begin to lose turgor.
It is quite adapted for existence in the conditions of low humidity of city apartments. However, in the hygienic purposes, it is recommended to it, systematically to arrange a warm shower. It is necessary to remember that at the same time it is necessary to cover substrate in a pot with cellophane to protect from water ingress.
Needs not too nutritious earth of neutral acidity. For the preparation of a suitable nutrient mixture, it is necessary to connect the sheet, loamy and cespitose soil and also sand which should be taken in equal shares. For landing, it is also possible to use the purchased soil intended for cactuses and succulent aeoniums.
To avoid the formation of decay on roots, it is necessary to pour small amount charcoal into a substrate. Also, do not forget to make a good drainage layer at the bottom of capacity. For these purposes, it is recommended to use expanded clay or beaten crocks from clay.
It is necessary to introduce to the soil fertilizers 1 time in 4 weeks and only during intensive growth. It is for this purpose recommended using special fertilizer for succulents or cactuses, at the same time it is necessary to adhere to the dosage specified on packing.
Features of change
While the plant was very young it has to be replaced in springtime once a year, at the same time new capacity has to be large diameter, than previous. Adult copies should be replaced only in case of need, for example, when the root system ceases to be located in a pot.
It is necessary to consider that this plant grows rather quickly and therefore it is regularly recommended to be replaced with young rosettes(grown up anew).
Ways of reproduction
The way of reproduction depends on a look. So, it is possible to multiply seeds or shanks. For example, an acaulescent aeonium level, being a biennial plant, it is possible to multiply only seeds. At the same time at bushes, it is possible to cut off the top part of a stalk with the sheet socket for rooting. Such shank is recommended to be implanted in sand or water. Most often backs appear later a half-month.
Diseases and wreckers
It is quite steady against wreckers. In the presence of a plant of mean insects, it should be subjected to a warm shower. In case infection strong (meets very seldom), then processing by special medicine, for example, by Aktellik is required.
The aeonium, as a rule, because of leaving violation of the rules is ill. So, it can have decay on roots as a result of stagnation of water in the soil, or fall down all foliage ― because of a warm wintering.
At flower growers quite a large number of types of an aeonium enjoys popularity.
The most popular look. Not really high, so, it can reach this semi-bush in height only 3,2 ft. On a surface of its upright, not branched trunk, there is a bark of pale brownish-gray coloring. The sheet socket fluffy, friable and has a diameter 6 in. Spatulate leaflets have slightly gear edges at which short “eyelashes” are located. Length of leaves varies from 1,6 – 3,2 in. At a specific plant, the foliage has saturated – a green color, but there are grades with a greenish-purple color of sheet plates or with purple bordering (for example, a grade of “Atropurpureum”). Length of a flowers stalk is about 9 in. The color of florets yellow.
Sheet sockets are very similar to the previous look, however such plant quite compactly, so, its height varies from 6 – 12 in. On a surface, сильноветвящегося a thick trunk, there is a bark of a dark brown color. A form of leaflets spatulate, and they are painted in dark green color. However, they are slightly wider, than at the previous look, but is much shorter (length of 0,7 in). Edges of leaflets are a little deflexed. In length цветонос can reach from 10 to 8 in. Florets of a yellow color.
This rather effective plant also enjoys popularity at flower growers. This compact plant in height reaches 7 in. It branched also has sheet sockets of spherical shape. Leaflets of a copper-colored color. However, they get such color over time. So, young leaflets have saturated – green coloring, and then begin to redden with edges. A form of leaves forms and they are slightly put повдоль the central vein. In length, they reach 1 in.
This perennial is almost acaulescent. It forms a large number of leaky sheet sockets. Thanks to them the flower expands in quite an extensive family. A little wavy sheet plate is painted in light green color, at the same time in the basis it is pinkish. In nature, цветонос grows to 3,2 ft. Florets are painted in yellow color.
Aeonium tabuliforme care
It is a very interesting look, but for the present, it does not enjoy special popularity at flower growers in the garden. This biennial plant is acaulescent and it has 1 quite dense and wide (diameter from 15 – 19 in) a sheet socket. It lies on the surface of the soil and looks like a scaly pancake. The adult copy has about 200 pieces of leaves scales. At edges of pale green leaves, there are numerous eyelashes. Blossoming occurs for the 2nd year of life. At this time at it grows 19 in flower stalk which bears inflorescence consisting of yellow florets. On the end of blossoming dies off.
At this look, fleshy small leaflets are collected in not really big baskets. And they settle down on the top of thin curved branches. Pale green young leaves have almost hemispherical form. In the process of growth, they become flattered and change the color for yellow. In height, the bush can reach 6 – 12 in. Florets of yellow color.
Those types which are grown up in room conditions are undemanding in leaving and not whimsical. But at the same time, they in house conditions almost do not blossom.