In addition to the taste characteristics, when choosing a type of salad culture, as a rule, the method of harvesting greens is taken into account: disruptive or cutting, as well as the shelf life of the harvested greens.
Grade shear type suitable for gradual cutting. The leaves of these salads can be torn off one by one from the outside of the Bush, while the young leaves from the Central part of the Bush will grow. Varieties of cutting type are removed at a time.
Lettuce Salad Vegetables are cold-resistant crops, they can be sown early in the spring, as soon as the snow comes down, and the soil warms up a little. Some varieties of salads have features of agricultural machinery that you need to know. About the best salads, taking into account the essential points in growing and will be discussed further.
One of the most popular and not fastidious varieties – Batavia – refers to leafy, disruptive type salads. Sometimes, however, Batavia is referred to as head-leaf salads.
These plants are usually large rosette, wavy leaves, semi-shrub. Batavia presents green leaf varieties. However, there are varieties with red and red-brown leaves, and their greens are more delicate than green types.
Salads of this variety have a soft, slightly sweet taste. They are suitable for cutting into salads, form a right combination with vegetables, meat, fish, various sauces. Red varieties are used to decorate ready meals.
Batavia is quite resistant to lack of light, elevated temperature. Its seeds can be sown in the ground in several terms throughout the season.
Plants of this group can be sown at home at the end of winter to obtain the earliest greenery. Great harvest to wait, of course, is not necessary, but a little green still can get. Suitable salads Batavia and for cultivation on hydroponics.
Lettuce Lollo Rossa
One of the most favorite in most gardeners salads. Delicious, gentle and beautiful at the same time. These salads are formed semi-spreading shrub with leaves of medium size. The tips of the leaf blades are wavy, small.
Due to the large decorative leaves, this salad is excellent for decorating dishes. Lollo Rossa with its tender, juicy leaves is terrific in salads, and it gives them lightness and volume. The taste of these salads is a bit bitter with a nutty flavor.
Lettuce Lollo Rosso blends perfectly with most foods: vegetables, meat, cheese, marine products, dishes, various sauces, and other plants.
This salad – disruptive type, characterized by relatively rapid growth. With the cleaning of its leaves is better not to delay. Lollo Ross greens are not stored for a long time after cleaning, in the refrigerator: a day or two. Extend a little shelf life can be if gently wrap the leaves with a damp cloth or cloth.
These varieties are resistant to bloom so that they can be sown throughout the season.
Kind of lettuce leaves with a beautifully scalloped shape. Varieties come with leaves of green, reddish, Burgundy–brown color. Leaves are similar to oak, hence the name of the array.
This salad has a relatively bright nutty flavor, not bitter. It is excellent for dishes of champignons, fried fish, delicious in salads with avocado, with vegetable oil-based dressings. Beautiful leaves to decorate the finished dish.
This salad is stored a little, loses freshness after storage during the day, so a lot of it does not need to be cut. Oakleaf lettuce does not respond well to temperature changes, so it is best sown when there is stable warm weather.
The most favorite salad of many gardeners and not only, but this vegetable salad is also the leader of sales in supermarkets. Outwardly, the iceberg resembles a cabbage, but it is looser. Heads have him are formed quite broad: from 300-400 grams, grow copies of and until one kilogram.
The leaves of the iceberg lettuce corrugated, juicy, crispy. It does not have a sharp taste so that this salad can be used in combination with most products: meat, fish, seafood, other vegetables. A good iceberg for sandwiches, good with a variety of sauces. It is stored for a long time, up to two or three weeks.
Salad can be grown both through seedlings and sowing directly into the ground. This salad has a relatively long growing season, so the seedling method is preferable.
Seedlings are planted on a well-lit area without stagnation of water. Iceberg lettuce prefers a soil close to neutral. If it is acidic, it is necessary to make deoxidizers. You can cut the heads when they reach the size of 8-10 cm.
Romain Lettuce Salad
It is the Romain salad that is used in the recipe of the famous Caesar salad. The plant forms a long loosehead with green wet and dense leaves. To the center of the outlet leaves become a little lighter, and the taste more delicate — this salad with a slightly tart flavor, a bit sweet. Romain salad is good for sandwiches, hamburgers, slicing directly into salads, it can be stewed for cooking other dishes.
Salad is remarkably stored, and heads are in the refrigerator without loss of quality for more than a month. Therefore, it is more expedient to sow Romain lettuce in the summer – in July, to provide greenery in the autumn period.
For the formation of the head, this salad needs to be specially formed. To do this, approximately 55-60 days after sowing seeds on a warm dry day, lettuce leaves (also dry) are lifted and tied on top, wrapped in a dark covering material.
Rocket Lettuce Salad
This green cruciferous held in high esteem by many gardeners. Arugula is valued for its original aroma and spicy pepper, mustard and nutty taste. Also, the leaves and stem of the plant contain a lot of vitamins and other beneficial substances for the human body. It is believed that this plant helps digestion, helps to lower cholesterol in the blood, and it is useful for slimming.
Arugula has the most delicious – young, not overgrown leaves. They are put in salads and other dishes to give the food a kind of natural taste of this plant. Arugula is lovely in combination with fish and seafood, meat dishes, tomatoes, garlic, cheese, olive oil. It can be used for salads, hash. Green arugula tender, stored for long, so it does not need to be cut for the future.
For the cultivation of arugula, a bed with moderate illumination is needed – in the shade, the plant loses its smell, in the too bright sun – it becomes hard and bitter. The plant is thermophilic but can tolerate short-term frost. Seeds can be sown every 10-15 days from about the end of April. They are maybe growing arugula seedling method. In this case, the seeds are usually planted in March.
Plants arugula need regular watering, with a lack of moisture leaves, become rough and bitter.
Cress Salad Green
One of the most precocious and unpretentious plants used on greens. These salad greens are small in size and small dissected leaves. The leaves of cress salads are green or bluish-green. The taste of green spicy, slightly spicy, due to the presence of mustard oil.
Fresh it is better to use for fish or meat dishes, as a seasoning for salads, various sauces. Sandwiches, decorated with young leaves, acquire a kind of sharp taste and appetizing appearance.
It is possible to sow watercress approximately since April, every 10-14 days. For germination seeds enough +8°C, the optimum temperature for growth +15…+18°C. Plants can develop well in partial shade, care they require a minimum – watering and weeding with loosening.
Growing garden cress quickly, after 16-18 days it can be cut. The greens of this salad do not improve after cutting, and it will need to be sown again.
This culture can be grown almost all year round and at home on the windowsill – in a pot or a box. So it is better to make it even easier: to decompose the seeds on a wet gauze or cotton pad, the sprouts that appear after 10-14 days can be used for food.
Chicory Brussels Witloof
Interesting kind of salad. Many summer residents already tried to grow it, but the result was not what they expected.
The thing is that this salad is grown in two stages: in the summer root crops ripen. They are stored after cleaning in the cellar, and as needed, they are germinated to obtain small heads of lettuce.
Chicory lettuce salad very useful, especially people, suffering diabetes, in it contains a large number of users for human organism substances.
Since the distillation of green value held in the dark, his head pales yellow. After cutting, they can be stored in the refrigerator for up to three weeks.
The leaves of this salad crisp, juicy. In addition to eating fresh (fresh – it is the most useful), it can be stewed, fried, baked. To get rid of the bitterness inherent in this salad, it is desirable to lower it for 1 minute in boiling water. Also, it is possible to cut out the condensed bottom of a head, bitterness, generally is inherent in this part of a plant.
As the plant grows, large enough leaves are formed, which can be gradually cut for salads. The tops are cut off, leaving 2 cm to preserve the kidney, from which a head will be formed in the future.
Valerianella locusta Or Valerian Corn Salad
Valerian Corn Salad today is not very popular among gardeners but in vain. This is the hardiest and cold-hardy salad crop. It can tolerate temperatures up to -10°C, so it can be sown as early as possible to provide itself with the first vitamin greens in the spring.
Corn Valerianella tender, tasty, a little tart, with a slightly nutty flavor. Field salad is good with smoked fish, poultry, mushrooms, nuts, boiled beets. They are successfully combined with different dressings: vegetable oil, vinegar, lemon juice, mayonnaise, sour cream. It is used to decorate dishes, and can be stored up to four weeks in the refrigerator.
Remove the Corn Salad in the stage of full formation of the rosette of leaves. Plants need to be pulled entirely out or cut off at the base so that the socket does not crumble into separate sheets.
The vegetation period of this plant is small, and it is desirable to sow at intervals of 2-3 weeks. Valerianella locusta can be grown by direct sowing in the ground and through seedlings.
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