Acer platanoides are one of the oldest garden crops. They were used as ornamental plants at the dawn of landscape design and still have not lost their status and charm. This is not the easiest to grow, demanding to the soil, capricious at a young age wood. But in the design of the gardens is equal to the Laciniatum to find. Elite, bright, easily recognizable, they become a real pride of the owners and attract admiring attention not only in the autumn.
Growing conditions for Acer platanoides
Fast-growing, bright, a year adds to 50-60 cm even in the most modest varieties, surprising density and beauty of the crown – plants are not easily predictable. Errors in the selection of acer tree soil type and lighting, especially where winters are unusually harsh for varietal Japanese maples, can cause the loss of valuable and often expensive plants.
Shade tolerance of Acer Platanoides is expressed only in regions with mild winters and manifests itself differently in basic species of plants and in luxurious varieties. Most Acer in the middle lane should be considered as light-loving, in need of scattered or bright sunlight plants, poorly developed and often freezing in winter when grown in the shade.
Acer Platanoides planting
The laciniatum in the garden area can be selected for decorative purposes, and not looking for protected areas. This wind-resistant plants, they are not prone to the curvature of the trunk or crown, even in drafts, pleasing amazing stability.
But the specifics of harsh winters should be taken into account when choosing a landing site even for this parameter: when landing in sheltered places even capricious Acer winter much better, but the wind can suffer and the most resistant of the varieties. Plants are quite resistant to air pollution.
Maples – wood is not as adaptive as some of their decorative colleagues.
They prefer moist, fresh, high-quality soil. The usual version of the garden soil for them is suitable only if it means cultivated, worked out, containing high-quality biological environment and organic matter, not compacted and not running soil.
High levels of humus are preferable for all trees but are critical only for varietal plants, especially fan Laciniatum. The pH reaction for the soil in which the Acer platanoides are planned to be planted cannot be strictly controlled, but extremely calcareous soils should be avoided. Acer grows well in acidic, weakly acidic, neutral and alkaline versions of the soil.
When buying soil composition and preferred additives to improve it is better to specify, as the habits of plants: if the tree is adults, especially large-scale, the content of humus, peat, sand in the soil can be a critical parameter for the adaptation of the plant. So, for the popular ash, Acer platanoides preferred soil consisting of equal parts of peat and leaf soil with half a share of sand.
Types and varieties of Acer platanoides
When planting soil moisture is always considered an advantage, but wetlands, high groundwater occurrence should be avoided even for these very moisture-loving plants. Laciniatum on the site with raw acer soil type or with the risk of flooding, regular stagnation of water is planted only with the laying of drainage – a layer of 10 cm of large fragments of brick, construction waste, gravel and 10 cm of coarse sand.
Planting The Acer Platanoides ‘Laciniatum’ in the garden
Spring planting allows plants to better adapt to the first winter and build strong roots but is associated with the need to provide young plants with more careful care. Autumn planting is associated with the risk of incomplete rooting, so the choice of planting dates should be purely individual. In the summer, even tree in containers from among young seedlings are better not to plant.
Acer Platanoides are planted in large, pre-prepared landing pits. The width and depth of about 50 cm for medium-sized seedlings and about 70 cm for those with strong roots of fast-growing varieties is considered standard. The bottom of the landing pit is necessarily deeply loosened with a pitchfork to create an additional “level” of aeration.
The removed soil is improved even with a sufficiently high-quality structure, making a complete fertilizer in the standard dosage of 60-100 g per plant and mixing the soil with organic matter. Dense and heavy soils are corrected by the addition of sand, light – by the addition of peat.
Unnecessary contact with the roots is best avoided. The main thing – to ensure that the root neck remained at the level of the soil line for tree plants and was buried at 2-5 cm for Bush, giving growth of multi-tree. Watering is carried out after planting, using a double rate of water (about 30 liters) for each plant. After the water is completely absorbed into the soil, the tree trunks are mulched.
Features of care of Acer Platanoides
In order to admire the bright colors of Laciniatum, lush flowering and original autumn shades in full, these trees will have to take care of several mandatory care measures. Maples need watering, fertilizing, mulching, and most varieties – also in pruning.
Watering is carried out for all trees. Among them, there are drought-resistant species and even varieties with declared drought resistance, but normal active growth and much brighter colors always show with additional watering.
Of course, for these trees, we are not talking about the same watering, which needs flowering herbaceous plants. It watered only in the prolonged drought, at the same time on one tree rather than 1 irrigation per week.
Varieties that are recommended to be watered regularly need 1 watering per month during normal weather and 1 watering a week during the dry season. For Acer Platanoides, irrigation rate is slightly higher than for conventional ornamental shrubs – 15 liters or 1.5 buckets of water per plant.
Feeding in the garden depends on how the plant was planted. If when planting in the soil by the standard method made full mineral fertilizer, fertilizing begin only from the second year after planting.
For usually spend only two feeding:
- starting, or spring, after thawing of the soil and the first loosening of the soil for young plants – a complex fertilizer or a mixture of a full portion of nitrogen and a half dose of potassium-phosphorus fertilizers, when using separate preparations, 40 g of nitrogen, 25 g of potassium and 50 g of phosphate preparations are made;
- summer feeding – full mineral fertilizer in the amount recommended by the manufacturer.
In order that the soil in which grow, did not lose breathability and drainage, for these trees necessarily spend loosening the soil. It is better to combine with watering, updating mulch or weeding weeds.
The soil in the tree trunk circle should not be allowed to cringe. The tree love mulching, tree trunks are best protected by an additional layer of mulch, not only after planting but also regularly. Acer Platanoides like mulching with peat, bark, quality substrate. For them enough layer of 3-5 cm
Acer Platanoides pruning
Pruning is usually reduced to the removal of diseased, damaged, atypical greenish twigs and all dry shoots. Removal of side branches without a characteristic color prevents the loss of color of the rest of the crown. Formative pruning is carried out along the desired contour, trying not to cut more than 1/3 of the shoots.
Maples may be affected:
- coral spotting, which is fought by removing the affected branches and preventive spraying with fungicides;
- powdery mildew (the fight is also carried out by spraying a solution of fungicides or biological preparations);
- specific insects.
A key factor in the successful or unsuccessful wintering in regions with severe winters is the choice of varieties. When buying varieties adapted to local nurseries, Acer can winter without shelter or with minimal procedures. Usually, in the first few years, it is enough to further insulate the base of trees, cover the root neck with a thick layer of dry leaves or spruce branches.
If freeze over the winter, especially sycamore Acer Platanoides, it is necessary to cut off the damaged tops of branches as soon as possible in early spring. Plants recover well and grow at the same rate as usual.
The plant becomes, the more winter-hardy it is. But when planting large-adaptability is partially lost. The effect of improving wintering is also leveled if the plants are accustomed to milder winters.
The tree is considered the most expensive garden trees largely because of the difficulties of reproduction. Is easier to get vegetative methods, and not to grow from seeds, but in both cases to wait until the plants tangible decorative will have a very long time.
Acer Platanoides seeds are subjected to a very long stratification, aging for 3.5-4 months at a temperature of 2 to 5 degrees Celsius. Before sowing, they are etched in hydrogen peroxide for 1-3 days. Many plant seeds lose their germination within two years after collection, and the sycamore tree does not sprout in a year.
Sown on the beds or under the greenhouse only seeds that are hatched at the stage of soaking. Maple seeds are buried for 3-4 cm. Plants require stable light soil moisture, protection from the midday sun and protection from weeds and soil compaction. Shoots grow quickly, but before the formation of the trunk will have to wait more than one year.
Cuttings for Acer are carried out in the autumn, cutting and digging for the winter powerful, up to 25 cm in length cuttings and planting them in individual containers only in the spring of next year.
For a varietal plant, the preferred method is grafting (suitable and budding, and copulation) on wild or species plants (of the same species). Vaccination is carried out only before the start of SAP flow, leaving the rootstock with a height of at least 50 cm.
The use of Acer Platanoides in the design of the garden
The tree in the garden is always real stars that attract admiring attention regardless of the season. But the options for their introduction into the garden and use in compositions directly determine the type, size, and characteristics of the variety.
Acer Platanoides ‘Laciniatum’ change color of leaves three times a year, surprising already shades of young greens during the unfolding of the first buds. Regardless of whether the flowering is attributed to the decorative features of the variety, is look elegant and bright, seem almost fluffy and fragrant clouds.
And the autumn color palette of leaves is not just an essential feature, but also a true symbol of autumn gardens and parks. Traditionally males are perceived as woody for a Japanese or Chinese garden, but they are appropriate in any direction of modern design because their beauty is much more multifaceted than stylistic norms.