Dracaena sanderiana looks like real potted bamboo, so people called her Lucky Bamboo. However, in addition to external similarities, the plants have nothing in common. Amazing sticks with a bunch of green leaves on top are considered a symbol of good luck, according to Feng Shui they bring happiness and prosperity to the home of their owners. Dracaena sander is used to compose compositions, giving shoots a variety of forms, and is grown as an independent plant at home in the ground or water.
Low-maintenance Dracaena sanderiana
In natural conditions, the plant grows in Equatorial Africa, in particular, found in Cameroon. This is a perennial herb, according to Botanical classification belonging to the family of Asparagus.
This type of dracaena got its name in honor of the famous English botanist, gardener, and plant taxonomist Henry Frederick Conrad sander.
The stem of the dracaena is fleshy, unlike the hollow shoot of bamboo, painted green, while its shade does not change with the growth of the plant, which is a characteristic feature of this species. In height, shoots grow up to 1 m. They are noticeable constrictions, which are dormant buds. Leaf blades, the length of which is 15-25 cm, painted in gray-green tone.
In indoor conditions, happiness bamboo is very unpretentious and requires minimal care, so it is very appreciated as a decorative plant that decorates office space. However, the home interior dracaena can add a twist, as from the shoots florists create unique compositions in the form of pyramids, braids. Also, the plant is formed in the form of a spiral, which gives the plant a fantastic look.
Lucky Bamboo and other types of sander dracaena
On sale often found dracaena sander called Lucky Bamboo, whose shoots or straight or twisted spiral. The latter form is achieved artificially. The technology is quite simple. The young sprout is placed in a specialized curved tube, and when it grows to the required size, it is released from imprisonment. The trunk retains its spiral shape for some time, and then stretched, overgrown with leaves and looked like a normal dracaena.
Breeders bred several spectacular varieties of dracaena sander. Among them are
- White Stripe Victory with white stripes on light green leaves;
- White Stripe Gold with yellowish border and white stripes along the entire length of the sheet.
Lighting, humidity and other conditions necessary dracaena sander — table
|68-86 F. Does not tolerate a decrease in temperature, but tolerates drafts and frequent ventilation of the room.||It doesn’t matter. Spraying and additional humidification is not required||Plants need diffused light, from direct sunlight to make a shade better. The best option is the location on the window sill overlooking the East or West side.|
Features planting and transplanting pseudobarbus at home
Grow dracaena sander can be both in water and in a container with a substrate. Regardless of the method of cultivation, the transplant of bamboo of happiness should be carried out annually, and the plant growing in a humid environment can be transplanted even more often, as necessary.
Transplanting into the ground
When growing happiness bamboo in the substrate, it is essential to create a thick layer of drainage, the thickness of which should be about two-thirds of the pot. For this purpose, you can use small pebbles or other round stones, as well as coarse sand. When grown in transparent containers, decorative rocks will be an excellent option for creating drainage, which will not only allow to remove excess moisture, but also give an aesthetic appearance to the composition.
The substrate is made up of:
- 1 piece peat;
- 1 piece of coarse sand;
- 1/2 of the turf land.
Also, for planting happiness bamboo, you can use a ready-made soil mixture for dracaena.
The transplant procedure consists of several stages:
- At the bottom of the pot, pour drainage layer should occupy 2/3 of the container.
- Remove the dracaena from the old pot, wash the roots, cut off all damaged, dry or rotten parts.
- Set the plant on the drainage layer and lightly sprinkle the roots with stones. Then add the substrate. Seal it and pour.
- Put in a semi-shaded place, and a week later transfer to the Western or Eastern window with ambient light.
Growing sander dracaena in water
Very often the plant is sold in cones filled with water. Transplant it immediately after purchase in the soil is not necessary. The plant can grow well in a humid environment for several years, but the transplant procedure must be carried out annually (sometimes even more often), as well as when growing in the substrate.
Water for growing sander dracaena must be filtered. Experienced growers also recommend the use of rain or distilled. During the transplant, you must:
- Remove the escape from the container, rinse the roots and remove the bad parts. If the root system is not sufficiently developed on the lower part of the stem, you can make several cuts. This technique will stimulate the formation of new roots.
- On the bottom of the tank to put the stones rounded shape.
- Set dracaena shoots and press them with stones.
- Then pour into a pot of clean water. The level of liquid should be 1-2 cm above the place of the beginning of root growth, otherwise, the escape may rot.
An effective way of growing sander dracaena is the use of hydrogel. For planting, it is best to choose a transparent pot so that the composition will look spectacular. The transplant process is simple:
- Fill the hydrogel with water and leave it for 4 hours to swell.
- Then prepare the plant by removing the bad parts.
- Please put it in a pot and fill the voids with swollen balls of the hydrogel.
Hydrogel does not lose its properties for five years. After this period it must be replaced with a new one.
The nuances of care for Dracaena sanderiana
As already mentioned, happiness bamboo is a very unpretentious plant, while overgrowing. Because of this feature, the plant needs exclusive feeding and frequent pruning.
Watering and feeding
When grown in water or hydroponics bamboo must be periodically fed mineral complexes, as due to their lack of leaves will gradually turn yellow and the plant will wither. To bamboo has not lost its appeal in the water, you need to add special preparations for dracaena, produced in liquid form. In this case, their concentration should be two times less than indicated on the package.
For pseudobarbus growing in soil, you also need to fertilize once a month. The procedure should be carried out during the active growth of the plant from spring to autumn. In winter, feeding will lead to excessive growth, dracaena will stretch and will look unattractive.
Watering plants grown in water is not necessary, but the water must be changed once every two weeks. The fluid must be filtered.
Dracaena, planted in the ground, watered 2-3 times a week in the summer (as the drying of the upper layer of the substrate in the pot). In winter, the amount of moisture is reduced to one per week.
The formation of the plants in the pot
Indoor bamboo has good growth. In suitable conditions, the shoots begin to lengthen quickly, leaves start to grow on the top and on the trunk, which makes the plant very different from real bamboo and looks sloppy.
As the side shoots and leaves on the stem grow, it is necessary to cut periodically, maintaining the appearance of the plant. Besides, if the composition has many shoots, then gradually their content in a full form leads to yellowing and dying leaves. To prevent this from happening, do formative pruning. For this:
- Side shoots are cut with a pruner or a sharp knife, leaving no stumps.
- The cut is sprinkled with crushed activated carbon, smeared with a garden brew or melted paraffin so that the trunk does not get an infection.
- The elongated trunk can also be cut to the desired value. It can continue to grow and shoots with leaves from the “sleeping” buds will appear again.
To create some compositions, for example, the original pyramids, on the contrary, it is necessary to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots. This requires:
- Cut the top of the trunk.
- Cover the cut with garden pitch or paraffin.
- Wrap escape wet moss-sphagnum and tie a thread or secure stationery elastic band, while the cut itself is not necessary to close.
- On the trunk of the bamboo of happiness to wear a plastic bag so the moisture is evaporated as less as possible.
- Periodically inspect the place and moisturize it as needed.
- As soon as the kidneys begin to grow, remove the package and moss.
Another way to stimulate the growth of lateral shoots is spraying the stem with a growth stimulant, for example, EPIN or Zircon.
If the plant is too long, you can replace it with a new instance, cutting off the top and rooting it in the water.
Even at home, you can try to create an exciting form of plants: make a braid or “braid” stems in a pigtail. To do this, cut the apical cuttings, root them and planted in the ground. To form pigtails enough to plant three plants at a distance of 2-3 cm from each other. When the cuttings grow to 7-10 cm, the leaves are cut from the bottom, and the shoots are intertwined.
Places of connection of the stems are wound with wire. Then, when the plant grows another 10 cm, in the same way, the shoots are intertwined, and the braid is fixed with wire. After a few months, when the stems become active, the cable will need to be removed.
In the same way, form a composition in the form of a braid. Rooted cuttings are planted in a container at an angle to each other and wind the places of their connection with wire.
Period of rest
As such, there is no rest period for dracaena sander. However, in winter it is best to reduce the temperature to +20 ° C and reduce the amount of watering. Thus it will be possible to keep pulling shots.
The consequences of mistakes made in the care of dracaena sander, and what to do to fix the situation — table
|Problem||What caused?||How to fix?|
|Dry the tips of the leaves||low room temperature;|
air is too dry
|Move the bamboo to a warmer place and place it away from the heating batteries.|
|Leaves curl||cold room||Put the container with sander dracaena in a warm place. Note that the temperature for the maintenance of bamboo happiness should not be below 38 F|
|Dry spots appear on the leaf blades||the burn from the bright sunlight||Shade the plant with a curtain or move to a place with diffused light (on the window sill facing East or West).|
|Lower leaf blades turn yellow||natural process||Remove the yellowed leaves, so they do not spoil the appearance of bamboo happiness.|
Diseases and pests of indoor Lucky bamboo
|Diseases/pests||How to recognize?||The cause of||How to treat?|
|Pythium||roots soften and become brown;l|
eaves droop, turn yellow and dry
|fungal disease||To revive the almost impossible. Sick dracaena is best removed.|
|Fusarium||appear reddish-yellow spots on the leaves;|
leaf blades die
|the low temperature of the content;|
|To carry out treatment with fungicidal preparations.Bring the conditions of detention in accordance with the recommended.|
|Shield aphids||on the lamina and shoots have yellow spots and brown pads, gray, or black in color;|
leaves turn pale, wither, then dry up and fall off
|the lack of humidity in the room||Scrape the bumps.Wipe all parts of the plant with a cotton swab moistened in a soap or alcohol solution.|
|Mealybug||It appears on plants grown in the soil. The junction of leaf blades with the trunk, as well as the leaves themselves are covered with powdery secretions. The leaves are twisted, covered with yellowish spots and die||too much watering||Three times treat the soil and the aboveground part of the dracaena with drugs|
Propagated dracaena sander apical and lateral cuttings, as well as the division of the stem.
Luckys bamboo from apical cuttings
The stages of reproduction employing cuttings are as follows:
- Choose fresh bamboo shoots 10-15 cm long. To Determine this is quite simple: it is stable and painted green. Yellowed and soft to the touch specimens cannot be used for reproduction.
- Remove excess leaves from the stems.
- Cut the top.
- Put the stalk in a glass of water.
- After 2-3 months on the trunk, roots are formed, and it can be planted in the ground or continue growing in water.
- Similarly, you can root and cuttings taken from the side shoots.
Unpretentious dracaena sander — stylish and elegant decoration of apartments and offices. Although this is a tropical plant, care for it requires a minimum. Also, the composition of the shoots is a beautiful gift for both men and women, which can be presented for any occasion. After all, according to legend, bamboo happiness is not only a beautiful and unusual plant, it also brings success and prosperity to the house.