Mango – an amazing tropical plant, the fruits of which have a delicious taste, and in addition, very rich in vitamins and nutrients. But is it possible to grow mango at home and what care he needs? Growing mango from the bone at home
Sprouts of this evergreen tree can be purchased in a special nursery and plant them at home. This method is preferable since the survival rate of the seedling is much higher, it is easier to care for and there is no probability of getting a wild plant.
However, if you have a bone left from the ripe fruit, it is absolutely realistic to germinate it and save on the purchase, observing some simple rules.
How to grow mangoes at home
For planting will fit only fresh bone extracted from ripe fruit. Determine the degree of maturity of mango is very simple – if the core is easily separated from the pulp, it is suitable for germination. Rinse it well, then with a sharp knife gently scrape off the remains of the fruit. Next, the bone must be split to allow the sprouts to break through faster:
if it is easily amenable, then remove the outer dense layer, carefully pull out the contents similar to large beans, and treat it with fungicide (a special tool that fights fungi and harmful spores). If germ more than one, select the greenest and smooth, it most likely grows.
if the shell is very hard, it is better not to try to make a puncture, so as not to injure the seed. In this case, place the bone for a few weeks in a transparent container with water at room temperature and leave on a well-lit windowsill. Do not forget to change the water every two days, so that it does not stagnate and not bloom.
How to grow mango at home: get the bone
Then prepare the pot for planting. Since in natural conditions the mango tree grows from 10 to 45 m in height, it is better to initially take a large pot for the plant to transplant it as little as possible and injure the roots.
At the bottom of the pot to lay drainage: small gravel or special granules – they will not let the water stagnate and spoil the root system. Soil suitable universal type, the main thing – to observe a neutral level of acidity. At home, it is most
Convenient to check the acidity level with a special device, which can be called a soil pH meter or a PH meter. There are also paper disposable indicators that change color upon contact with acidic soil after a while (1 to 15 minutes depending on the manufacturer).
Landing can be carried out in several ways:
- sideways, if you are not sure where the bottom and where the top;
- horizontal if you have a small sprout.
In any case, it can not be completely sprinkled with earth, it is optimal to leave over the surface of 1/4 of the bone and abundantly watered with water at room temperature. If after watering the soil settles heavily – just sprinkle another small layer.
Ready-to-plant mango seed grain with the germ
To create a perfect micro-climate for germination for mango at home, after planting, the pot with the seed should be covered with a thin glass sheet, cellophane or a plastic bottle cut in half. Every 2-3 days a little lift the edges of the cover to ventilate and give the bone to rot. It is best to place the pot on the southern windowsill, where the most sunlight.
In two or three weeks the first sprouts will appear and it will be possible to observe how the mango grows at home, then the shelter from the pot can be removed.
A mango tree at home: how to care
If from the beginning you took a small capacity for mango, then you should wait with further transplantation. It is optimal to do this after the tree grows a little and gets stronger. Finally, it will be possible to transplant the mango tree into a permanent container not earlier than in a year.
Try to avoid frequent transplants, because of each manipulation of this kind – stress for the plant, to which it can respond with a drop of leaves or even death.
Given the climate in which mangoes grow in their natural environment, the house will need to recreate these conditions as much as possible. The tree does not tolerate dryness of the soil and air, so do not forget to regularly water it, as well as maintain a sufficient level of humidity in the room (70-80%).
At the same time, do not get carried away with excessive spraying leaves – they are very susceptible to fungi and mold that can quickly develop and destroy the plant.
As a fertilizer for mangoes grown from seeds or seedlings at home, suitable vermicompost and nitrogen-containing mixtures used for growing persimmons or citrus. If you planted it in the open ground, then 2 times a year do not forget to make in the tree trunk circle of organic matter (infused with manure or leaves of the water on 4-5 liters) for feeding.
It is extremely necessary for the plant to have bright daylight because the pot with it should be placed on the most lighted windowsill of the apartment, and in winter it will not interfere with an additional light source, you can use a fluorescent lamp.
Mango tolerates pruning well – you can form its crown at your own discretion. If you plan to leave the tree in the room, then after it reaches the meter, start pinching the upper pairs of leaves with the kidneys. Space trimming is necessary to treat the garden pitch.
Is it possible to get mango fruits at home
Unfortunately, even if you do exactly all the instructions, growing mango from seeds at home will bring you decorative tropical plant with delicate leaves resembling a palm tree. To blossom and to bear fruit can only be grafted specimens. They can be bought in the Botanical garden or nursery, or plant graft method of budding on their own, taking the kidney from the fruiting. To graft a mango tree has grown from bone:
Take a sterile sharp knife, cut the kidney with a piece of bark and wood. On your tree near the ground with a sterile tool, make a small incision in the shape of the letter T, gently bend the edges of the bark and plant a cut kidney there. Wrap the place of vaccination with soft duct tape and wait for it to grow.
Mango can bloom after 2 years after vaccination, and if this happens, then after 3 months (100 days) expect the first harvest of sweet, fragrant fruits. A grafted tree needs regular fertilizer (need to be watered only nitrogen-containing fertilizing and mixtures), especially during flowering and ripening.
For this procedure, you need a sharp sterile knife. They need to cut out accurately a kidney with a part of wood and bark. On the tree intended for an inoculation, it is necessary to make not the really big section reminding letter T. Then carefully unbend edges of bark and implant the cut-out kidney. The place of a section should be wound accurately with a soft insulating tape, and she can be moved away after the kidney grows.
The first blossoming after inoculation, as a rule, occurs later few years. 100 days (3 months) later after the emergence of florets it will be possible to enjoy juicy fragrant fruits. The tree which was imparted needs systematic fertilizing (watering has to be carried out only by the fertilizing and mixes containing nitrogen).
Especially mango needs fertilizer during blossoming and during maturing of fruits. Such a beautiful tree can become the real decoration of any room, but only in the case correctly look after him and will provide necessary conditions of keeping. And for receiving sweet fruits you should impart surely a plant and to systematically fertilize it after that.
Mango Tree is an unusual exotic plant that will not only be a wonderful specimen of your collection but can also bring delicious fruits if you follow some simple rules and instructions when planting and caring. And the main condition that must be met to get the fruits of mango at home – to instill the plant and provide it with quality and regular fertilizer.