Most people believe that growing avocado from bone is a very difficult task, which not everyone can cope with. However, this is not so. Absolutely every florist at least experienced, though a beginner can quite easily grow a tree at home, and after a while and try the delicious fruits from it.
The leaves of this plant are very wide, and the shoots are quite flexible, due to which you can easily form a variety of spectacular avocado compositions.
Most often in one container plant 3 plants at once, and then form a very beautiful and unusual pigtail as it grows. There is a belief that a plant like avocado brings romance and harmony to the house.
The process of growing
To start in the store you should choose and buy avocado fruit. It should be ripe. In order to understand whether the fruit is ripe or not, it needs to be squeezed between the palms and slightly squeezed, and then evaluate the result. Fully ripe fruit was quick enough to take its former form.
But the unripe fruit of avocado is also quite suitable because after a while it will ripen. In order to speed up the process of maturation of avocado should be placed next to fruits such as bananas or apples. They emit a unique gas called ethylene, due to which the fruits and fruits ripen faster.
From the fruit, remove the peel and remove the stone. Put it necessarily on the same day. As a rule, the sprout appears in a hundred percent of cases. For planting the seed of the avocado invented and used in three different ways:
- In the soil is planted crude bone. The pointed tip should be pointed upwards. A bone must have to rise above the surface of the soil to 1/3 part. Watering infrequently, rather than 1 time in 7 days.
- The bone is not cleaned, and on three sides it is stuck toothpicks to a small depth (about 3 millimeters). Then the seed should be placed in such a way that the blunt tip is completely in the water, and at the same time, the places in which the bone is punctured should not come into contact with the liquid.
- The bone should be cleaned and immersed in water, with 1/3 of it should rise above the surface of the liquid. In this case, the sprout will be much faster, and you will have a unique chance to observe the formation of shoots and roots.
Seed germination is preferable that the bone intended for planting has a sufficiently large size since in this case, it has a relatively greater amount of energy intended for growth. The bone is soaked in well-defended water at normal room temperature (23-25 degrees).
Some growers recommend pouring into the water quite a bit of crushed activated or charcoal. But this can not be done, as the germ in the water will appear very soon. The sprout may well appear after a week or a half, but sometimes it can happen only after a couple of months.
Germination time is directly related to the season. So, it is recommended to plant in the spring, because it is in this period that the sprout will appear most quickly.
Avocado seed sprout
When the sprout grows a little (about 3 centimeters in height), it should be planted in special soil. It should be loose and easy to pass water and air. Do not forget about good drainage, because stagnant water in the ground can adversely affect the plant.
So, the height of the drainage layer should be about 2 centimeters. For planting sprouts, you can choose a small pot, and a year later it will have to be transplanted, taking a larger container. Make a small indentation in the substrate and carefully place the bone in it, so that it rises 1/3 above its surface.
Then you need to water the avocado. To do this, use the defended water. It is better if it contains very few salts, so it is recommended to filter the water.
For plants choose a well-lit place. You can feed avocado 1 or 2 times a month. For this, mineral fertilizer is excellent. With good care, your tree will grow very quickly. In that case, if the plant will lack light, it can noticeably stretch out, then his shoots will have to pinch.
To understand, you need to water the avocado or not, is very simple. Deepen your finger into the substrate on the 2nd phalanx, if there it is wet, then watering is not produced.
To create a spectacular Bush germinate 3 bones at the same time and put them in one container. As they grow, their stems will need to be plaited. It should be noted that the braid, in any case, should not be dense, the gaps between the segments are required.
The fact that the trunk is gradually growing, and in the case of dense weaving plants can lose their decorative. If there is a gap, the netting is fixed due to the good flexibility of the barrel. As a rule, at the age of three avocados begins to bloom. Green-yellow flowers bloom on the tree.
For pollination of flowers need at least 2 plants, as it should be cross. In the warmer months, it is recommended to take out the avocado on the street, and it is better to put it in the garden in the shade of tall trees. In this case, it should definitely bear fruit already on the 3rd year of life.
Here is a step by step guide How to grow avocado from bone
Step 1. Preparatory process
Take the fruit of the American Perseus (you can buy in supermarkets, choose the ripest), cut it in half and extract the avocado seed, then gently and carefully wash it under cold water for several minutes. Rinse necessary to remove residues of the pulp, to avoid the mold and saturate the surface with moisture. Be careful not to remove the brown crust. The seed of the avocado Some of the cores are slightly oblong, while others may have an almost perfect sphere, so note which part is the top and which is the bottom.
Step 2. Installation for the cultivation of Avocado
Take 3-4 toothpicks and symmetrically prick at a small angle (the continuation of the toothpicks are directed upwards) the core from 3-4 sides, they will serve as a support when you lower the avocado core into the water.
About half (or even more) of the core should be in the water. Put the workpiece of your future avocado tree on a bright quiet place, it can be a normal windowsill Sunnyside of your home. For this process, it is best to use a transparent Cup, so that you can observe the appearance of the roots, besides, you can easily see when it’s time to change the water. Many guidelines recommend changing the water every day, but practice shows that the water should be changed every 4-5 days.
Step 3. Patience and germination
In online publications, they write that the time of germination of the avocado kernel is already noticeable in 2-4 weeks, but practice again shows other results – you will see noticeable germination in 5-8 weeks! So, be patient. Visible symptoms are the upper part dries, flakes and cracks. Cracking is noticeable along the entire length of the nucleus, and the roots appear from the cracks. Over time, the stem sprout will hatch. We can not allow the roots to dry up, it can ruin the whole thing!
Step 4. Formation
If the stem of your Avocado sprouts has reached 6-7 inches (15-18 cm), then you need to trim the stem to 3 inches (8 cm) this will stimulate new growth. When your plant reaches again a length of 6-7 inches, move it into the humus-rich soil, use a pot 8-10 inches (20-25 cm) in diameter. Immerse the plant in the soil to the top of the kernel peeking out of the soil. Avocado loves the sun, so set the plant so that as long as possible was a lot of light, it is not afraid of the direct rays of the sun.
Step 5. Care and growth of the future tree
Water your tree often and thoroughly, the soil should always be moist, but not saturated. It is important to choose the optimal irrigation regime. Yellowed leaves are a sign of excessive watering, in this case, the plant should dry out within a few days. Each time the plant grows about 6 inches, its leaves are pinched, thereby stimulating the growth of lateral shoots and forming a future thick crown. Make sure that your plant corresponds to the size of the pot, transplant it as it grows.