Perennial herb Arabis, also called rhesus, is a representative of the cruciferous or cabbage family. This genus includes more than 100 species. In the wild, such a plant can be found in areas with a temperate climate of the Northern hemisphere, as well as in the mountains of tropical Africa.
Features Of Arabis
Arabis cultivated as annuals or perennials. It is used as a ground cover plant, as it has to creep rooted shoots. The height of the Bush does not exceed 0.3 ft. On the surface of the green leaf plates, there is a dense pubescence, their shape is heart-shaped, they are solid, sometimes with a serrated edge.
Not very large dense inflorescence racemes consist of Terry or simple flowers, reaching a diameter of 15 yards, they can be painted white, light yellow, pink or purple. An abundant flowering plant is relatively long, and it begins around the middle of the spring period.
From the inflorescences comes a very pleasant smell that attracts a large number of bees to the garden. The fruit is a pod with flat seeds inside. There are species that have winged seeds.
Care Of Arabis In The Garden
The plant needs to be cared for in the same way as most conventional garden plants. It requires timely watering, weeding, feeding, cutting, and still produce loosening of the surface of the site and monitor health. This flower is resistant to drought, and it is better not to pour than.
This means that watering should be arranged only when there is a long dry period. Remember that watering should be moderate.
Arabia at the beginning of his life to ensure freedom from weeds, it requires frequent weeding. However, over time, the flower will get stronger, and he will “crush” weeds.
Fast-growing stems should be subjected to systematic pruning to keep the shape of the plant neat. Timely removal of flowers began to fade and promotes longer flowering.
Arabis after flowering
When rhesus will bloom, you need to choose the most spectacular inflorescences and outline them. After the first frost, you can begin to collect seeds, this is selected dry Sunny day.
The fact is that if you collect the seeds on a rainy day, they will have relatively low germination. First, you need to cut the blossoms and part of the escape.
They are suspended in a well-ventilated room and wait until they dry. Then the seeds are extracted from the inflorescences and placed in a cardboard box, which is stored in a dry darkened place.
Preparation For Wintering
Without shelter, such a flower can withstand a decrease in temperature to minus 5-7 degrees. If the air temperature drops even lower, it will lead to the death of not covered Arabis.
With the beginning of frosts, it is necessary to trim the stems, while their 20-40 in lengths should remain on the surface.
Then the site is covered with a layer of dried foliage, and you can cover it with a covering material or spruce branches.
The Types And Varieties Of Arabica With Photos And Names
Below will be described those species and varieties that are most popular with gardeners.
Arabis Alpina Or Arabis Flaviflora
In natural conditions, this species can be found in the Northern part of Scandinavia, in the highlands of Western Europe and North America, as well as in the Far East and the Polar Urals.
The height of such a perennial plant can reach 0.35 ft. Generative stems are ascending, and loop-shaped vegetative ― pressed to the soil, they are strongly branched, do not die in the winter and form a cushion-shaped curtain.
Form of stem leaf plates cordate-sagittate, basal and oval. The length of the racemes is about 50 in, they consist of fragrant flowers with a diameter of 10 in, which can be painted white or pink. Flowering begins in April and lasts about 4 weeks.
- Neeshub. The height of the Bush does not exceed 0.25 ft. Length racemes about 15 yards, they consist of large (diameter 20 in) white flowers.
- Double. Inflorescences have a larger size compared to the original view, they are also similar to the left.
- Pink. The height of the Bush does not exceed 0.2 ft. Inflorescence length of about 12 yards, they are composed of pink flowers in diameter reaching 20 in.
The above describes the planting and care of it Arabis Alpine.
The homeland of such plant is the Alpine and subalpine zone of mountain areas of Greece, Albania, and Bulgaria. This perennial plant, which has a cushion shape, reaches a height of about 10 yards.
On the surface of a small ciliate leaf, plates have oval-shaped tomentose, they are collected in the outlet. Loose corymbose inflorescences consist of 3-6 flowers of white color.
According to some scientists, this plant is a subspecies of the Alpine Arabis. In natural conditions, it can be found in the Crimea, Asia Minor and Central Asia, the Caucasus and the Mediterranean. During the flowering period, the height of this perennial plant can reach 0.3 ft.
Small oblong leaf plates with large teeth along the edge on the surface have a dense pubescence of white color, from which their color looks like greenish-gray. Inflorescence racemes in length reach 8 yards, they consist of white flowers, the diameter of which is 15 in.
Flowering begins in June and lasts 4 weeks. However, some flowers can bloom on the Bush until the autumn. The fruit is a narrow long cone.
- Flora-captivity. Flowering lush, double flowers of white color are located on long peduncles.
- Variegata. Along the edge of the sheet, plates are light yellow.
- Rosabella. Color pink flowers.
In nature, this species grows in the Balkans. The height of such ground cover plant is about 12 yard. There are small leaf rosettes and pale flowers.
Often this type is used to secure the creeping slopes. This species is characterized by its unpretentiousness and frost resistance, but it is recommended to cover it for the winter.
The most popular variety is Variegata: green leaf plates have a wide white border, purple flowers are collected in a bundle, their color eventually changes to white.
In the wild, this plant can be found in the Alps and Apennines. The height of the Bush is about 15 yard. Ugly flowers painted in white color. Flowering begins in May or June. This type of decorative flowers, and fruits, by which gardeners and grow it.
In nature, this species is found at an altitude of 2300 ft above sea level on the rocky slopes of Turkey. The height of this perennial plant from 5 to 10 yard. Small pointed oval leaf plates are part of the outlets. A loose corymbose inflorescence consists of white flowers.
In nature, this species is found in the mountains of California at an altitude of 500 ft above sea level. This ground cover perennial plant reaches a height of 8 yards, with a Bush diameter of approximately 0.25 ft. The color of the leaves is greenish-gray, and the flowers are dark pink.
- Route Sensation. Leaf plates are elongated, and the color of the flowers is rich pink.
- Malingerer. The Bush has small leaves and pink flowers.
- Arabis Ferdinand of the Coburg Variegate (Arabis ferdinandi-coburgii “Variegata»)
- Arabis Ferdinand Of The Coburg Variegat
The height of such a semi-evergreen plant does not exceed 50 in, and its diameter can reach 0.3 ft. This species has a long lush flowering. Spectacular pale green leaf plates have a border of yellow, white or light pink.
Color white flowers. Very nice look wide pillows sheet sockets. If there is good drainage, then this type can withstand sub-zero temperatures.