Salpiglossis is a genus of the nightshade family, which is represented by biennial, perennials and annuals. This genus includes about 20 species. The homeland of this plant in South America, while it is most often found in Chile.
To date, gardeners cultivated only 1 species of this genus, namely: Salpiglossis sinuata. Straight shoots in height can reach 100 yards, branched and they are thin, and on their surface, there are glandular adhesive hairs.
The upper leaf plates are narrow, all-edged sessile and, at the same time, basal — notched-lobed, oblong and have petioles. The diameter of a single elegant flower is 5 yards, their color can be blue, yellow, brown, purple or cream, on the surface of the throat is a marble pattern consisting of veins of dark and Golden color.
Flowering is observed in June-October. Form velvety-shiny flowers funnel-shaped, they have a five-blade bend. The fruit is a two-nosed oval box, inside which there are small seeds.
In the middle latitudes, salpiglossis is grown only as a biennial or annual.
Growing Salpiglossis From Seeds
For reproduction, the seeds of salpiglossis are used. Sowing for seedlings is carried out in the first days of March, for this purpose, not very deep, but rather wide containers are taken, into which loose soil is poured.
Then spread the seeds on the surface of moist soil, thus try to make the distance between them as possible big. Seeds are not buried in the soil but simply pressed into its surface. The container should be covered with a film or glass and removed on a well-lit, cool (from 59 to 68 F°) sill.
To bring the time of appearance of seedlings, as well as to protect them from the scorching sun on the surface of the shelter is necessary to put a piece of white paper.
Caring for seedlings, do not forget to systematically ventilate it, as well as remove the condensate from the surface of the shelter. The first seedlings should appear after 15-20 days, but you should not remove the film immediately.
First, it is removed for 1-2 hours, then removed for 3-4 hours, and when the plant is acclimatized to environmental conditions, the shelter is removed completely.
After the plants seem the first couple of leaves, it will be necessary to make their dive, using for this or cups separate containers.
Conducting a dive, be careful, as the roots are very easily injured gentle, and so the plant takes root for a long time in a new place. After the seedlings begin to grow again, it is necessary to pinch the tops of it, this will increase its bushes.
Salpiglossis should be provided with moderate watering while making sure that the substrate is not dry or too wet.
Planting In The Ground Salpiglossis
Planting of the strengthened and grown-up seedlings in the open soil should be made only after the threat of return frosts completely passes, as a rule, this time falls on the second half of May.
Try to choose a well-lit area for planting, which will be protected from the wind. The nutrient soil should contain a large amount of hummus, and its acidity can be neutral or slightly acidic.
How To Plant
The site should be prepared approximately 7 days before the scheduled day of disembarkation. To do this, it is dug, while making the soil a little sand, peat and wood ash.
Between hole-keep a distance 25 to 30 yards, their depth should be such that they could fit not only the root system but the earth come.
Pass the seedlings into the holes, and then fill them. Planted plants need abundant watering. Remember that this plant does not tolerate transplantation, so try to injure its root system as little as possible.
Care Of Salpiglossis In The Garden
When growing salpiglossis, several important points should be remembered. Thus, it is an extremely negative response to drought, stagnation of water in the soil and sub-zero temperatures.
Watering in the summer should be carried out 1 time a day at the same time, if there is hot weather, in the evening it is recommended to spray the bushes. In spring and autumn, the amount of watering should be equal to only 2 or 3 per week.
For irrigation should use lukewarm, well-settled water. At the end of watering the surface of the site must be carefully loosened, while producing weeding.
Produce regular pinching bushes, it will make flowering lusher. Also, do not forget to break off in a timely manner began to wither flowers. If done correctly, salpiglossis will finish flowering in October.
Fertilizing is produced several times per season and used for this complex mineral fertilizer for flowering plants. If you want to feed the plants with organic matter, then you should choose wood ash.
Diseases And Pests
Such a moisture-loving plant when grown in open soil often becomes ill with a stem or root rot, as a result of which it dies.
As soon as you notice that the plant is unhealthy, it is necessary to make an urgent treatment of the Bush and the soil around it with a fungicide, do not forget to adjust the irrigation regime.
If the Bush is affected very much, it is better to dig up and burn.
As a perennial, this plant is cultivated only in regions with a mild, warm climate. If the winters are frosty, then salpiglossis can be grown only as an annual, because after the frosts come, it will die.
If desired, you can try in the autumn to put a flower in a pot and bring it into the house, but it is unlikely to take root because it is an extremely negative reaction to the transplant.
Types And Varieties Of Salpiglossis With Picture And Names
We have already mentioned that the gardeners cultivated only salpiglossis emarginate. A detailed description of this type you can see at the beginning of the article. It has the following garden forms:
- Large-flowered. The height of the Bush can reach 100 yards, its stems are branched. Flowers have a large size.
- Superbissima. Quite large flowers have ruffled petals.
- Low Salpiglossis. Much branched shrubs and reach a height of 0.4 ft. Blooms very lush.
The most popular are the following varieties and hybrids :
Salpiglossis Kew Blue
The height of the undersized Bush does not exceed 0.3 ft. The flowers are Painted in various shades of purple from purple to pink and lilac. Their throat has a dark color, and on the surface, there is a rare grid of yellow veins.
Salpiglossis Royale Mix
The height of the compact Bush is from 0.45 to 0.5 ft. Color of flowers can be very different, even yellow. These flowers need support.
Salpiglossis (Painted Tongue)
Height compact shrubs this plant does not exceed 0.3 ft. The color of flowers is varied.
Salpiglossis Bolero F2
The height of the lush flowering Bush is about 0.6 m. the Stem is stable enough.
This exotic annual plant reaches a height of 0.8 ft. On the surface of the flowers are contrasting veins, they are very well in the cut.
Salpiglossis Velvet Trumpet
The height of the bushes is about 0.4 ft. The diameter of velvet flowers is about 60 in, they have a fancy appearance.