Very popular houseplant growing in a wild look in South America is called as Dieffenbachia or Leopard Lily. Called it in honor of I.F. Diffenbakh ― botany from Germany. Its motley leaves of a rather big size look quite effectively.
And they are located on the stalks similar to trunks of small trees which quite thick and juicy. The growth rate of this plant is rather high and it looks more than effectively, therefore, it is used quite often for decoration of the warmed balconies, living rooms, warm verandahs and so on.
Feature of this plant is that it grows from a top, at the same time there is a gradual dying off of the leaves which are from below. In this regard, it enough will become similar to a broom on a stick or a tree soon and from the effective quite magnificent bush there will be no trace left also. Its trunk can grow to several meters in height, but despite its thickness, it is rather fragile.
Therefore there can be it that it will just break because of severe concussion or under body weight. However, there is nothing terrible in it. It is quite a natural process for a Dumb Cane. Everything that should be made, so it to cut off its top part, and then to the implant. And it is possible to cut a stalk on a part and to implant them. As a result, you will have a set of very young plants of this look.
However, there are types capable of a cluster. They have sleeping kidneys on a trunk, and sometimes happens so that they waken, and thanks to it new escapes are formed.
Blossoming of a dieffenbachia ― this rather unusual occurrence if it grows in house conditions. However thanks to artificial pollination at it also fruits can be formed. If the environment and care of it arrange this plant, then flowers on it blossom every year.
After the process of drying up of a flower begins, it should be removed. The matter is that in it seeds begin to be formed, and this process takes away a large number of forces from a plant.
Care Of A Dumb Cane In House Conditions
As it was already mentioned above, the dieffenbachia grows in a wild look in South America, namely in tropical forests where very warmly and it is damp. In this regard, these plants very sacred are also thermophilic. And they very badly transfer drafts.
Excellently feels at a light window, but at the same time, it should be taken into account that the Dumb Cane does not love direct beams of the sun. If the open balcony is located on Southside, then there it is not necessary to put this plant for the summer.
In that case, when to it does not get light, its stalk will be extended in the shortest possible time and will become very fragile and very thin, and only on top several sheets will flaunt.
How To Water
When the plant begins to grow actively, it should be watered plentifully. However, in winter time watering is required to be reduced considerably. It is not necessary to allow remoistening of the soil.
Watering is made only after the soil dries out not less than on a couple of centimeters deep into. For check, it is possible to use the special measuring instrument of humidity of soil or to check by means of a finger.
In order that the plant well grew and developed, he needs to be imprisoned to the correct soil. For this purpose you will need to make such earth mix: the cespitose earth sand the peat earth the sheet earth, they are taken in proportions 4:1:1:1. Do not forget about drainage. Addition to the soil of a brick crumb or charcoal is also quite possible.
Features of A Dumb Cane fertilizing
When the Dumb Cane begins to grow actively, she should be fed up quite often, to be an exact time in 14 days. For this purpose excellently complex fertilizer approaches. Also, this plant extremely positively reacts to fertilizing by nitrogen-containing organic chemistry.
Features Of Change
Change is carried out in the spring months and only if it is necessary. In advance prepare mix from sand, peat, the sweet earth, and hummus. And it is possible to take the soil universal for fruit and deciduous plants. Take a pot more previous, and during replacing bury a stalk. It will promote the growth of new roots.
It is necessary to take out an earth lump from an old pot carefully. Carefully examine backs. If they are absolutely healthy, then they together with the old soil can be placed in a pot. Do not forget about a drainage layer.
For this purpose fill a little expanded clay on a bottom. Then it will be necessary, to pour a small amount of the fresh soil and to fill up it on each side plants, condensing a little. At the same time, it should be taken into account that the soil during change has to be moistened (not wet).
It is one of the types, most popular in house floriculture. It is pleasant to many big dimensions. Adult plants with ease grow in height of 2 meters. It seems that these plants only descended from the photo of the tropical forest.
Effect and plant greens: the bright green leaves having the oval form are decorated with an intricate pattern of their strips and specks of white color. A sheet plate at them long – about 40 cm and more, and wide – 15 cm.
This version does not lag behind in popularity the Dumb Cane painted. Differs from it in height – it more undersized, its height does not exceed meter. This attractive ornamental plant which will introduce bright exotic paints to any room, whether it be the room or office.
Its sprawling oblong leaves which are slightly pointed at tips reach the length of 45-50 cm, and their width is no more than 13 cm. On their surface, the asymmetric ornament flaunts: on a green background (it can be dark or light) in a chaotic order it is scattered sets of white and yellow spots and more than dozen of side veins.
Dieffenbachia Leipoldii Bull
The version which is rather seldom found in amateur floriculture from the jungle of Costa Rica having a unique exotic appearance. A distinctive feature of Leopolda – very short (5 cm) and thick (2 cm) a trunk. Wide leaves of an elliptic form are painted in dark green, the middle vein is allocated thanks to white color. Scapes are so short that it is difficult to make out them, gentle-green, lilac specks.
One more look extremely not whimsical in house conditions of keeping. Unlike the more exacting relatives, with firmness transfers a lack of humidity, therefore, its appeal will not suffer during the winter period at the included heating at all.
It is rather simple to watch that soil did not dry up. It is pleasant to flower growers also for its height – up to 1.5 meters, and wide – up to 60 cm dark green leaves which are penetrated by veins with white strips.
It is very similar to a spotty Dumb Cane, but the streak (from 9 to 12) cm differs from it in wider leaves on the shortened scapes and smaller quantity side). It is the sectional look which was in time to take an active part in the selection.
For example, Seguin became the parent of an effective and widespread grade Green Magic whose sheet plate is painted in uniform darkly green color with a sharply allocated white vein in the middle.
The look possessing large to leaves of green color. They have the pointed form, with a well-noticeable vein in the middle of a sheet plate. Its length usually is about 35 cm.
Grows to 1 meter in height. Its wide leaves of an ovoid form (that it is logical to assume, following from the name) monophonic green color. The central vein is thickened.
The attractive with motley leaves look different from other room a Dumb Cane extraordinary large sheets which length at the correct leaving and creation of suitable conditions reaches 70–80 cm. It is a record among these plants which are grown up in house conditions. Color of a sheet plate – dark green with small light spots.
This look is appreciated its high esthetic qualities. Rather small leaves which are not exceeding 40 cm, green color with a yellowish outflow. They are decorated with snow-white and dark stains.
Why Can’t I Keep The House Dieffenbachia
In addition to the obvious damage from the poisonous juice, reputation dieffenbachia spoil and superstitions associated with it. It is believed that in ancient times, the leaf of dieffenbachia could deprive a person of speech, sealing his mouth (which is understandable – poisonous juice, causing swelling of the larynx and tongue, deprived a person of the opportunity to speak).
But now there is another opinion: the dieffenbachia is called “nugegoda”, a symbol of celibacy. It is believed that this plant weakens male energy, which is why men can not be with him in the same room. Therefore, it is not recommended to have unmarried girls. Relaxing male energy, dieffenbachia, supposedly, makes infertile couples.
On the other hand, dieffenbachia can absorb negative energy. Therefore, it is necessary to place the flower is not in the bedroom, and in those areas where most quarrels break out – in the kitchen or in the living room. If you treat this flower with love and kindness, it will extinguish the negative splashes of energy, and harmony in your family life will become much more.