The plant Aeschynanthus is the representative of the Gesneriaceae family. The name came from an Ancient Greek word and is translated as “the distorted flower”. This plant in the people still is quite often called “flower fondant”. Such names are connected with what Aeschynanthus possesses saturated painted flowers having extremely unusual turned form.
Features of an Aeschynanthus
Aeschynanthus ― this epiphany plant growing on trunks of trees, the forofitakh. However, the plant does not eat from that forofit on which it grows. A sort it from the woods of Southeast and Southern Asia: Indochina, India, and China. Length of evergreen branches can vary from 0.3 to 0.9 meters. The copies presented by semi-bushes or the hanging-down climbing branches occur among types of this sort. In nature flowers of this plant are pollinated by the birdies sunbirds possessing a thin and long beak. Branches decorate short root fleshy sheet plates.
At flower growers, Aeschynanthus began to enjoy wide popularity thanks to the effective saturated-green foliage and also beautiful flowers of orange or red color. A form of sheet plates an oval at the same time top at them pointed, in width they reach about 40 mm, and in length ― about 100 mm. The peduncle is formed on tips of branches on which clustery inflorescences are formed. The tube color gradually changes, at the basis, it is painted in yellow color, and edges of petals red. The revealed flower is decorated with a tube of an ovary of white color which acts from a middle.
Leaving for Aeschynanthus in house conditions
Before decorating the house Aeschynanthus, it is necessary to learn to look after correctly him, at the same time it is necessary to consider that it is not so simple to grow up it in room conditions and furthermore to achieve from it blossoming. In order that it normally grew and developed, certain conditions are necessary for it.
It is possible to decorate with such flower both the living room and office. In order that the magnificent bush with the hanging-down branches turned out, in one capacity it is necessary to land several shanks at once. The Aeschynanthus effectively looks in a suspended cachepot. In order that it blossomed regularly, it needs to provide the correct care and optimal conditions for growth.
For a flower, it is necessary to choose well-lit place protected from direct beams of the sun. For this purpose perfectly the window sills located in the western or east part of the room approach. If the place is only at the southern window, then the plant is necessary притенять from direct beams of the sun a thin curtain, otherwise, on a surface of foliage burns are formed. It is impossible to put it on a northern window sill as because of poor lighting it can not blossom. The room where there is a plant needs to be aired systematically, but at the same time do not forget to protect it from a draft.
That the bush was magnificent and plentifully blossomed, it should be protected from sharp temperature differences. Best of all it grows at the air temperature of 20-25 degrees. To see in the spring effective blossoming, with an approach of fall the bush is rearranged in cooler (from 15 to 18 degrees) and well-lit place. You watch that in the room 15 degrees were not colder, otherwise from bush foliage will begin to fly. If it is correct to make everything, then in the last winter or first spring weeks on Aeschynanthus buds will be created. As soon as it occurs, it is possible to increase gradually air temperature in the room to 20–25 degrees.
Watering is carried out only after the top layer of the substrate in a pot dries out deep into on several centimeters.
After a while after watering the excess liquid which flew down in a pallet is poured out surely. In case the earth lump completely dries up, at a flower will begin to fly about flowers and kidneys. At a cool wintering watering has to be more rare, than in warm season.
You watch that there was no stagnation of liquid in soil mix as because of it yellowing and a leaf fall of foliage begins. It is necessary to water and humidify a bush with well-settled soft water of room temperature. For softening of hard water, it is mixed with several droplets of the juice of a lemon.
Humidity of air
The foliage of an Aeschynanthus can accumulate in itself water, in this regard the low humidity of air in the room to it is not terrible. However it is recommended to humidify systematically from the sprayer 1–2 times a day in its summer, at the same time try that drops of water did not get on flowers. For moistening of a plant use well settled tepid water. In warm season if necessary it can suit a warm shower. In winter season it is not necessary to spray a bush. But if the level of humidity of air is very low, the pot with a flower can be put on the pallet filled with damp expanded clay.
During the spring and summer period bushes surely regularly feed up. It is for this purpose recommended to use fertilizer for the blossoming plants, at the same time take a half dose from recommended by the producer. Fertilizing carry out 1 time in 7 days, at the same time introduce fertilizer in substrate together with watering.
In the process of growth and development of bush foliage in its top part begins to fly that has a negative effect on its appearance. In this regard, it should be cut off systematically, and to do it it is possible either to or after blossoming. For this purpose, it is necessary to cut off long stalks at 1/3 of their lengths and to remove all dried-up leaflets. If desired it is possible to carry out a nipping off the top parts of stalks regularly.
Change of an Aeschynanthus
Replace a plant accurately in the way of transfer. Do it before it blossoms or after blossoming. When choosing new capacity it is necessary to consider that it has to be larger than old in the diameter at 20 mm. In order that in a pot liquid did not stand, at its bottom do a good drainage layer.
While the bush young, it is replaced annually, more adult plant is subjected to this procedure only if necessary (when backs begin to look out of drain holes). The flower perfectly grows and magnificently blossoms in close pots.
For landing of a flower use friable soil mix well-passing water and air and saturated with nutrients. For this purpose, it is possible to use purchased universal soil mix to which for bigger friability add vermiculite, perlite or small expanded clay.
Also substrate it is possible to make with own hands, for this purpose connect peat, sphagnum, river sand and the sheet soil in the ratio 2:1:1:2. In this soil mix, the root system will receive the necessary amount of oxygen, at the same time the sphagnum will not allow to appear decay on roots. If desired it is possible to pour a small amount of the crushed bark into the ready substrate, coconut fiber or charcoal. The pot, suitable for landing, has to be low, but wide.
Ways of reproduction
Over the years, the Aeschynanthus loses its decorative effect, so it needs to be systematically updated. As a rule, the life expectancy of such a plant does not exceed 3-5 years, after which it is destroyed, and in its place put a new Bush.
Reproduction by stem and leaf cuttings
Most gardeners prefer to propagate Aeschynanthus cuttings. To do this, you can use both leaf and stem cuttings.
To obtain stem cuttings should cut off the top of the stem length of about 10 centimeters.
On the handle should be 5 or 6 knots. Cutting is carried out before laying the buds and flowering or when the growing season ends.
Remove all the lower leaf plates from the segments, and then place them on the rooting in a container with water or immediately put in a soil mixture consisting of sand and peat. On top of the cuttings are covered with a plastic bag or they can be planted in a mini greenhouse, which has lower heating.
To cuttings rooted faster, they will need to be treated with Root or, in extreme cases, sprinkle them with coal powder for disinfection. They take root best in heat (about 25 degrees). The roots should be formed after 15-20 days.
In order to propagate Aeschynanthus leaf cuttings, you need to cut the leaf blade with the kidney. After that, the cut is processed and the stalk is put in a container filled with a substrate for rooting, from above it needs to be covered with a glass jar or a transparent package.
After rooting, transplant the cuttings into individual pots. To get a more lush Bush, in one container can be planted several cuttings. At the bottom of the pot is sure to make a good drainage layer, it uses broken shards or expanded clay. After planting, the surface of the substrate is covered with a thin layer of sand. It is necessary to use a soil mixture consisting of turf and peat soil, and even pure river sand (1:1:1).
Growing from seeds
Less popular among gardeners use growing from seed. Inside the ripe boxes are very small seeds. To begin with, they are shaken out on a paper sheet, then sown in a container filled with a substrate. To do this, the seeds are evenly distributed on its surface, from above the crops are covered with a film (glass). To moisten them using the method of lower irrigation through the pan. When the seedlings grow, they are transplanted into small pots. Next year, young plants will bloom.
Diseases and pests
Typically, the pain is Aeschynanthus and it settled pests only if it is improperly cared for. Below will be described as the most common problems that occur in gardeners when growing such a flower.
- Falling leaves (in autumn and winter). Make sure that the room is not colder than 15 degrees, as this can lead to flying around the foliage. It can fall off in the summer when the earthen coma is over, the roots are injured or if the Bush has been exposed to a draft. The first thing you need to start watering the plant correctly. If the stems are bared very much, then they need to be cut off and cover the top of the Bush for a while package.
- The lack of flowering. Most often, the Bush refuses to bloom because of the warm wintering (air temperature was above 16-18 degrees). In the cool of the flower in winter should be at least four weeks.
- Darkening and drooping flowers. Flowers darken and crumble in the event that the Bush was moved to another place, because of the excessively low humidity in the room or if during the humidification of the plant they got water droplets. To remedy the situation, it is necessary to eliminate the existing shortcomings in care.
- On the leaves appear brownish spots. This is due to the fact that the flower is watered with excessively cold water. Remember, that its temperatures must be close to room (not below 20 degrees).
- The tips of the leaf plates turn yellow and dry. The room is very hot and at the same time excessively low humidity. It is enough to correct mistakes in care, and the situation is normalized.
- Leaves turn black. The substrate is stagnant liquid. Before watering the Bush, wait until the top layer of soil mixture in the pot dries.
- The Curling of the foliage. Very dry air or plant is close to the heater. In summer, the flower must be moistened with a sprayer.
On the foliage and stems are formed spots, and they become soft. The development of the disease contributes to the stagnation of liquid in the soil mixture, low air temperature or a draft. Spray the flower with Fundazole and correct all the shortcomings in the care of him.
On the leaves formed white bloom, after which it begins to dry and fly around. The development of the disease occurs in a cool room with high humidity. At the initial stage of development of the disease, the plant can be sprayed with a solution of potassium permanganate (1 bucket of water 2.5 grams).
If the plant is affected very much, then it is cut off all the affected leaves, and then it is sprayed with a solution of Topaz or Vectra (be sure to follow the instructions available on the package). For preventive purposes, Aeschynanthus sprayed with a solution consisting of 1 liter of water, 4 grams of soap and 5 grams of soda ash.
Aphids on houseplants
The appearance of such a small pest leads to the fact that the foliage becomes yellow and flies around. If the aphid is small, then for the treatment of plants can be used soap.
Also suitable for this and black pepper extract.
To do this, half a kilogram of fresh or 200 grams of dried pepper is crushed and mixed with not very much water. Bring the mixture to a boil and keep on low heat for 1 hour. After 24 hours, the broth is filtered and poured into jars or bottles of glass, which are tightly closed.
The storage means clean in a dark place. For treatment flower from aphids, a solution for that, connect 1 l of water, 5 grams of soap and 10 grams of pepper extract. Of the chemicals, you can use Was or Akarin.
If on Aeschynanthus settled scale, then its shoots and foliage are formed brownish tubercles. Over time, yellowing and drying of leaves begin. If there are few pests, then the plant is treated with garlic infusion, for its preparation combine 1 tsp crushed garlic with half a liter of water. The infusion will be ready after knocking, it will only drain. If this treatment is not effective enough, then spray the flower with Actara. If necessary, spraying is carried out several times.
On the pest-infected Bush in the leaf axils and stems formed plaque looks similar to cotton. The flower begins to wither and may even die. As soon as the first signs of pests are noticed, the plant is wiped with a cotton swab moistened with alcohol or a solution of soap. If there are a lot of pests, then the Bush is sprayed with Actara.
For preventive purposes, to prevent the appearance of harmful insects on the flower, it can be systematically treated with a special solution, for its preparation 1 liter of water is combined with 10 drops of eucalyptus oil. Remember that it is impossible to get rid of pests after one treatment with chemicals or folk remedies. Spray the Bush 3-4 times with an interval in 1-1,5 weeks.
The types and varieties of Aeschynanthus with photos and names
In the wild, you can meet about 200 species, but at home are only about 15 species. Below will be described those species and varieties that are most popular with gardeners.
This type has spectacular foliage, the surface of which is decorated with strips-white stains. The wrong surface of the leaf plates is painted in chestnut color, in length, they reach about 10 cm Bush looks great in hanging pots. The flowers are nondescript and have no decorative value. Their green handset, on the surface of which there are brown specks on the background of bright foliage, do not look very impressive.
This plant is most popular with gardeners. This shrub has stems, reaching a length of about 50 centimeters. The length of the oblong fleshy leaf plates from 10 to 12 inches. They have an emerald color, and on their background, red flowers look very impressive.
Flowers on the tops of branches collected 10-12 pieces in racemes. The orange-red Corolla has a tube ending with a bend, which is divided into 5 parts, externally similar to the blades. On each of the bends, there is a brownish-red spot, shaped like a Crescent.
Some growers, Aeschynanthus pulcher and Aeschynanthus speciosus are considered to be one and the same. However, these plants have significant differences. In Aeschynanthus speciosus foliage somewhat smaller and it passes along the edge of the red edging. Stems, too, with a pale-red axis. The diameter of the saturated red flower is about 60 mm, while the Corolla throat has a pale pink color.
This spectacular plant has stems and foliage unusual curved shape. Externally, they look like beautiful curls. Its glossy wax sheet plates are painted in dark green. Flowers of reddish-orange color grow on the tops of branches and leaf axils.
Aeschynanthus Mona Lisa
This plant differs from the above in that it is much easier to grow at home, as it is undemanding in care. On the hanging branches are dark green leaves with a well-distinguishable median vein. On the tops of the stems are formed dense racemes, consisting of rich red flowers.
Sort view from Java Island. On flexible pale red stalks, small oval leaflets of dark green color are located, their back surface is painted in a more pale shade. On tops of stalks during blossoming, the brushes consisting of saturated-red florets with a yellow tube are formed.