The plant of Bacopa which still calls a Suter is a part of the family the Plantain family. This sort unites more than 100 types which are presented by water-loving, water, succulent root creeping perennial plants. Their homelands are the Canary Islands and South America. In nature, the bakopa prefers to grow on the marshy coast of various reservoirs in a subtropical and tropical belt of Australia, Africa, Asia, and America. Began to cultivate a plant in 1993. It is raised in regions with a temperate climate as a soil cover or ampelous plant.
Short description of cultivation
- Blossoming. The bacopa plentifully blossoms, over time blossoming weakens, however then again accrues.
- Landing. On seedling, seeds sow in March. Plants are replaced in suspended designs or to the open soil in the middle of May.
- Illumination. The shading sites having reliable protection against wind gusts will approach as well lit, and.
- Soil. It has to pass well water and air and to be saturated humus and nutrients. The acidity of the soil ― subacidic.
- Watering. Humidify the soil plentifully and often, especially during the drought period. Fertilizer. Bacopa is fed up only when the young in the spring and in the summer. For this purpose serially use organic chemistry and mineral complex fertilizers.
- Nipping and cutting. In order that the bush was more magnificent carry out a regular nipping of stalks and if there are excessively long lashes, they need to be truncated. Cutting is carried out after the bush begins to blossom very poorly, and the lower part of stalks becomes lignified.
- Reproduction. In the seed way and top shanks (in January-April). Mean insects. In-room conditions ― plant lice, whiteflies, and web pincers.
- Diseases. Mold or sooty fungus and gray decay.
Features of an ampelous bacopa
Creeping thin escapes of a bacopa can be creeping, their length reaches 0.6 m, and they strongly expand in width. Linear small sheet plates possess an ovoid form and an olive-green or green color. During blossoming axillary flowers which form can be tubular are formed (depends on a look and a grade). Flowers are big and small, terry and simple, a pink, blue, red, lilac, white, lilac, blue or violet color.
Blossoming of such plant lasts long very much, and there is it waves: when the first plentiful wave ends, a formation of flowers fades, and after a while, bushes begin to blossom even more magnificently. Life expectancy at a bacopa not really big, however, if desired it is possible to multiply easily. This flower is grown up both in room conditions and in the open soil.
Cultivation of a bacopa from seeds
If on your site there is no bacopa yet, then it should be grown up from seeds. It is quite simple to receive good seedling from seeds, especially if to consider that in a specialized shop it is possible to buy quality seed material easily.
On seedling start seeding of seeds in March. For this purpose fill capacity with transparent walls peat to a soil mix which needs previously to be disinfected for 4 hours in an oven (temperature about 100 degrees). Before filling up the substrate in capacity, wait until it completely cools down.
Level a surface of soil mixture and evenly distribute on its seeds. From above it is not necessary to powder seed material, instead, it is slightly pressed into in advance humidified землесмесь. Cover crops with glass (film) and transfer them too well lit and warm (it is not lower than 20 degrees) the place. The first seedlings can seem one and a half-two weeks later, at the same time completely all seeds will arise only in 3–4 weeks.
Cultivation of seedling
The main thing is quite simple to look after bacopa seedlings, to remember that as soon as the first seedlings seem, it is necessary to watch that the surface of a substrate incapacity did not dry up. The soil mix surface about plant needs to be loosened regularly accurately.
The first time it is necessary to dive seedlings only after they create about 3 real sheet plates. For this purpose use individual peat pots, in the diameter the reaching 50 mm.
When seedlings get accustomed on the new place, they will need to be fed up, for this purpose use complex mineral fertilizer, at the same time concentration of ready nutritious solution has to be in a half less, than it is recommended the producer (you watch the instruction).
Best of all seedling grows at a temperature from 22 to 26 degrees.
If you are going to grow up a bacopa in the open ground, then it is recommended to dive once again after a while, for this purpose use pots which there are a little elder. That unpicked a plant were steadier, their stalk is recommended to be buried in a substrate at one knot.
When after the second sword-play there pass 7 days and seedlings will get accustomed, in substrate it will be necessary to introduce full mineral fertilizer with the increased content of nitrogen and phosphorus.
Then for seedling set such temperature condition: in the afternoon ― from 15 to 24 degrees, and at night ― 13–15 degrees.
If you decided to grow up such plant in the house, then it is not necessary to subject it to the second sword-play, instead, the young bush is planted in a suspended basket or a cachepot.
Landing of a bacopa to the open ground
In what time to land
Seedling of a bacopa is replaced in a garden only when the threat of returnable frosts remains behind, as a rule, this time is the share of the second half of May. However, before starting disembarkation of plants it is necessary to temper. For this purpose, they are moved every day to the street, at the same time the duration of the procedure needs to be increased gradually. The tempered seedlings ready to disembarkation can spend to a garden on the street day and night.
Rules of landing
For cultivation of such flower, it is recommended to choose well-lit sites having reliable protection against wind gusts. The shaded site also will be suitable for its cultivation, but in this case, blossoming will be more poor, than at those bushes which grow in the solar place. If to put a bacopa in a shadow, then its stalks will strongly be extended, and blossoming will be very poor.
The plant does not differ in high insistence to structure of the soil, the nutritious subacidic soil sated with humus which well passes water and air perfectly is suitable for its cultivation. Depending on a grade at disembarkation to the soil the distance between bushes varies from 10 to 25 centimeters (the plants are higher, the big distance of boundaries them has to be).
Leaving for bakopa in a garden
Grow up a bakopa in the open ground in the same way as many cultivated flowers. In order that it grew and developed within the norm, it should weed, water, feed up, to be cut off, pinch, loosened in due time the soil about bushes, and to protect plants from mean insects and diseases. It is not necessary to tear off the flowers which began to wither as the plant dumps them independently.
Such flower needs plentiful and frequent watering if the summer was hot and dry. When bushes are watered, loosen the surface of soil about them a little, but it is necessary to do it very accurately as the bakopa possesses the superficial system of roots. During loosening pull out also very carefully all weeds (weeding is run only hands).
It is necessary to feed up only a young bakopa in spring, summer and autumn time. However when will become cold and frosts will begin, all fertilizing stops. For fertilizing use serially organic chemistry (solution of mullein or a bird’s dung) and complex mineral fertilizer.
Leaving for bakopa in house conditions
It is also simple to grow up a bakopa in room conditions, as well as in a garden. For landing of a flower using a cachepot or a suspended basket which is filled to a soil mix, the consisting of sand, peat, humus and garden soil (2:1:2:1). Substrate surely has to be well trained as in it stagnation of water because gentle backs of a bakopa because of remoistening can decay very quickly should not be observed. Also to avoid stagnation of water, at the bottom of capacity do a thick drainage layer.
Watering has to be plentiful and frequent. However, you remember that the bakopa reacts to stagnation of liquid in substrate much worse than on too rare and poor waterings. When soil mix in capacity it is humidified, its surface is accurately loosened.
Fertilizing carry out 1 time in 1.5-2 weeks, for this purpose in water for watering pour in liquid mineral fertilizer for the blossoming plants. If fertilizing is carried out regularly, the bush very magnificently will blossom then and also it will be decorated by juicy foliage of saturated color. The nutritious solution needs to be poured strictly at the roots, at the same time it should not get on a foliage surface.
Choice of the place
Choosing the place for such a plant, it is necessary to consider that it needs a large amount of light. Also, it is necessary for normal development and growth that on a bush a number of direct beams of the sun got every day. It can be grown up also in small shading, but in this case, the bakopa can not blossom. As the flower does not suffer from differences of daily temperatures and also to it frosts to minus 5 degrees are not terrible, it can be used for decoration of a terrace, a loggia, a balcony or a verandah.
That the bush was magnificent, it is recommended to carry out a nipping of tops of its stalks regularly. Those escapes which were very strongly extended cut off. After cutting you will have top shanks from which if necessary it is possible to grow up new bushes. Also cutting is carried out after the lower part of stalks becomes lignified, and flowers on a bush are formed very little. For this purpose truncate escapes at 1/3 lengths. This cutting is recommended to be carried out to autumn time.
Diseases and wreckers
If to grow up a bakopa in improper conditions for it or not to provide it due care, then gray decay and a moldy or sooty fungus can strike it (if landings excessively thickened). If on a bush signs of defeat were noticed by a fungus, then surely thin out its krone, and then spray it with fungicide solution. 2–3 processings which are carried out at an interval of 15 days will be required.
The plant louse, the whitefly and web tick can do much harm to a plant. All these wreckers eat vegetable juice and are sucking, in this regard to fighting against them it is possible to use acaricides. To destroy all wreckers, 2 or 3 processing can be necessary.
Ways of reproduction
Bakopa can quite easily be grown up from seeds. How to make it, it is in detail told above. In addition, it is possible to multiply a flower also shanks. For this purpose, it is required to prepare top shanks which length has to be about 10 centimeters. On rooting they are landed in a friable damp substrate which part sand and vermiculite (1:1) is. Bury a shank in soil mixture at only 0.5 cm, at the same time it is necessary to consider that 1 knot has to appear surely underground as new backs will grow from it.
One more knot has to tower over the surface of the substrate, new escapes will grow from it. As a rule, backs appear already 15–20 days later. To accelerate this process, the cut of a shank is processed phytohormones or the means stimulating the growth of roots. The shank put on rooting from above should be covered with a transparent cap (the cut-off bottle or a glass jar). Further, it is transferred to the light place which is reliably protected from direct beams of the sun. Throughout all process of rooting you watch that soil mix in a pot was a little warm all the time.
After at a shank new escapes begin to be formed, it is necessary to make a nipping that the bush grew at more magnificent. It is the best of all to prepare shanks during the period from January to April, at the same time cut off them from an adult bush. Cherenkovaniye can be carried out also in the last summer weeks after the bush is cut off, there is a large number of shanks. Most easily and quickly the shanks taken from a white bakopa give roots. And at other types they before landing need to be processed a root formation stimulator.
Wintering of a long-term bakopa
The long-term bakopa growing in the open soil will not be able to worry winter in a garden. On a wintering it is dug out, placed in a container and brought to the cool room with a temperature from 12 to 15 degrees, there has to be an increased humidity of the air. Protect bushes from drafts and from time to time water them. It is necessary to humidify the soil in capacity quite seldom if only not to allow redrying of an earth lump. It is not necessary to feed up in the winter flowers. Most of the gardeners with an approach of spring cut off shanks from the wintering bush, implant them and land in a garden. The matter is that during the winter the bush loses the decorative effect. If it is about the bakopa which is grown up in room conditions, then after it is cut off, it is placed in the cool place where the bush will stay before the spring period. For example, the flower can be transferred to a loggia, the glazed balcony or in not heated room (verandah).
Types and grades of a bakopa
Besides natural types and versions, there is a large number of hybrids and grades which appeared thanks to selectors in recent years. Below those types and grades which enjoy wide popularity at gardeners will be described.
The homeland of such look is the east part of the USA. The height of the bush possessing upright thick stalks about 0.3 m. Sheet plates of an oval form grow on escapes in pairs cross-wise. If the bush grows in the solar place, then its foliage copper-colored, and in shading ― greenish. On tops of escapes, small florets of saturated-blue color are formed. This bakopa is Aquarian, it is grown up often in water under glass. On garden, sites decorate with this plant coast of artificial or natural reservoirs, and he can be put directly in the water on depth not less than 30-35 centimeters.
This undersized bush possesses thin escapes, and it grows under water. Stalks of a bakopa decorate opposite greenish sheet plates of rounded or oval shape which in length reach about 1.8 cm. During blossoming on a surface part of stalks bluish flowers are formed.
At this succulent plant, creeping escapes decorate the sedentary sheet plates of an oblong shape having a roundish top, their length varies from 0.8 to 2 cm. Leaves can have a sparse tooth edge or integral. Nimbus length at the axillary of flowers about 10 mm, they can be painted in white, blue or purple color.
The height of this perennial plant is about 15 inches. Its green leaves may be small or medium in size.
Or Bacopa speciosa. A sort this perennial from the Canary Islands and South Africa. Flowers at it initially snow-white color, they keep the decorative effect even during incessant rains. The look rather long blossoms, at the same time it can independently be cleared of faded flowers, just dumping them.
The most popular grades of this look:
- Snowflake. This ampelous grade differs in magnificent blossoming. Flowers white and large.
- Boar. Flowers at such grade quite big.
- Olympique Gold. It is a hybrid length of stalks at which about 0.6 m. They are decorated by small leaves of a golden-green shade and also white flowers.
- Skopiya Dabl Blue. Such grade is grown up as a soil cover plant. Its foliage is painted in saturated-green color, and big flowers ― in a pinkish-violet shade.
- Blizzard. On a bush, a large number of small florets grows.
- Rozea. Flowers are painted in a pink shade.
- Pink Domino. Lilac flowers.
- Taifun Blue. The grade differs in magnificent blossoming, its flowers are painted in a lilac shade.
Besides these grades are widely cultivated by gardeners such as Huge cloud, Blu Shauyerz, Efriken Sunset, etc.