Indoor Liana Cissus is very popular with gardeners. Also, they appreciate the spectacular leaves in it, and the fact that it proliferates. Also, the advantage of such a culture is its unpretentiousness. That is why to decorate your house with this vine will be able to as an experienced grower or a beginner.
Cissus Quadrangularis description
Cissus is a vine that belongs to the family of Grapes. At home, it is grown as a basket plant. People still call it “home grapes” or birch. This genus includes about 300 species that can be found in nature. Most of the species in environment grow in areas with subtropical and tropical climates. Cissus grows a mustache, which he clings to the support.
When grown at home on vine flowers appear very rarely. False inflorescences umbrella-shaped in hits composition include small pale flowers that are not of decorative value. Appreciate the same vine for its beautiful foliage. Raise it in hanging pots. Cissus can decorate both offices and apartments, as well as glazed balconies.
Gardeners have noticed that if such a vine to create favorable conditions, it will please a very rapid growth. The plant is rapidly entwining support, while it grows a large number of green leafy stems. Often the vine is grown in winter gardens.
Care for Cissus at home
If you decide to grow Cissus at home, then you need to take into account that it does not require any special care. However, to become the most spectacular vine, you need to know in what conditions it is most comfortable to grow. So the right care and suitable conditions for growth will be an excellent prevention of various diseases and pests.
Cissus refers to heat-loving plants, and therefore for healthy growth and development it is required: in the summer ― from 18 to 25 degrees, and in autumn and winter ― about 18 degrees. Make sure that the room where the vine was not colder than 10 degrees, and yet it must be protected from sudden changes in temperature and drafts. Otherwise it can fly around all the leaves.
Needs bright sunlight, but it needs to be diffused. As a rule, each of the varieties has its requirements for lighting. For example, Antarctic Cissus can be grown in shaded areas. Therefore it can be grown in the bathroom or in the hall, which has poor lighting. While yellow Cissus needs much light.
Since this is a fast-growing plant with many shoots and lush foliage, watering should be given special attention. They should be plentiful but do not allow stagnation of fluid in the root system. Make sure that the substrate in the pot was all the time slightly moist. The Bush is watered immediately after the top layer of the mixture dries. Approximately from the middle of autumn watering should be reduced.
Needs high humidity, so the Bush should be moistened from the sprayer quite often. In winter it is done twice a day, and in summer ― 1 time a day. If the Bush is not very large, it can arrange a warm shower. At the volume lianas growing on a support, it is necessary to wipe leaves a damp rag from time to time.
Liana responds well to feeding any full compound mineral fertilizer. It is applied to the substrate every seven days throughout the growing season. In winter, the plant does not need many nutrients, so it is not necessary to feed. However, it should be noted that if in the cold season for Cissus was not organized rest period, then it continues to feed, but one every 15 days and use a nutrient mixture of lower concentration.
Young saplings are transplanted annually handling in the new pots. Since the age of five transplants are carried out less frequently, namely, one every 2 or 3 years. At the bottom of the pan do not forget to make a good drainage layer, and fill it with a substrate consisting of sand, good hummus, peat, turf and leaf soil, which are taken in equal shares.
Trim the vine is recommended during springtime. To do this, hold the shortening made it less attractive old lashes. To improve the branching is carried out nipping the young shoots. The plant tolerates pruning well and after it starts to grow actively.
Harvesting of cuttings is carried out even in summer, even in winter. In one container for rooting planted 3 or 4 cuttings, while it is filled with a fertile light substrate with a high content of peat and sand. Systematically water them and keep warm (from 20 to 22 degrees). If young leaves are formed on the stalk, it means that it has grown roots.
The division of the Bush
If an adult Cissus has grown strongly, then it can be divided during transplantation. In classified during planting is recommended to shorten the shoots, in this case, they will take root much faster.
Growing from seeds
Seeds are grown mainly Arctic Cissus. Seeding is carried out in spring. To do this, take a small box and filled with a substrate consisting of peat and sand. Moisten its surface and spread the seeds on it. Sprinkle them with a thin layer of soil mixture, on top of the container is covered with a film (glass).
Crops need natural ventilation. The picking of seedlings in individual pots, in diameter reaching 70 mm, is carried out after the formation of two real leaf plates. In the future, transplants are carried out as the bushes grow.
If the Cissus is systematically inspected and adequately cared for, then it will be possible to avoid many problems that can arise when it is grown in indoor conditions.
- If the leaves of the plant are bent and began to dry, then the room is arid air. Initially, it is necessary to moisten the space around the vine, and the leaves are sprayed with water.
- The leaves dry and fly around this is due to the high temperature in the room. It is necessary to rearrange the flower in a cool place, and in the summer can be taken out into the air.
- If the leaves turn pale or bright spots appear on them, it signals too bright light, and the leaves have a sunburn. The plant should make a shade.
- On Cissus brown spots due to strong waterlogged soil. It is necessary to stop watering to the top layer of the earth to dry for 2-3 cm.
- If Cissus actively sheds leaves, it must be rearranged from the cold room and protect it from drafts. So also to create the necessary temperature regime for Cissus.
- The leaves wither and fade, the plant slows growth. The Cissus does not have enough nutrients. The appearance of black spots indicates a lack of phosphorus, brown – nitrogen. It
- is necessary to choose a fertilizer with a balanced composition and timely feed the vine.
- Cissus stops growing, young branches do not appear. The plant took all the space of the pot, and you need to transplant into a more spacious pot.
Another Types of Cissus with photos and names
There are about 300 species of Cissus, but only a few of them are cultivated in indoor conditions by gardeners. At the same time, each of these species has several varieties that differ from each other. They have very high unpretentiousness and endurance.
This species was named so because its foliage has a diamond shape. It belongs to fast-growing plants. If it is well cared for, then during just one growing season it can add up to 200 cm in length. This vine is characterized by high endurance, and it grows well in places with adverse conditions.
This species is valuable because it has colorful, spectacular foliage, with the primary color is pale red. On the entire surface of the plate, there are spots of silver color, with its reverse surface ― purple.
The foliage has a shape very similar to the maiden grapes. As a decorative vines grown varieties with pale red color. Different endurance, unpretentiousness and rapid growth.
This highly decorative species is more demanding in care. In poor lighting, there is a slowdown in the growth of the Bush, and it can suffer from excessively low humidity. Color green foliage, dull.
The most decorative of all cissus grown at home is tsissus multicolored. It stands out among other species for its spectacular and not quite the natural color. However, it would help if you were prepared for the fact that it is not so easy to grow.
In nature, such a plant is found in the tropics. Therefore, for the vine to grow and develop rapidly, the air temperature in the room must be at least 25 degrees all the time, and it needs high humidity. Residents of the island of Java cut the shoots of vines and drink its juice.