Plant Episcia is a member of the family Gesneriaceae. It is quite popular among gardeners and is widely cultivated by them. This genus includes about 40 species. In nature, they can be found in Central and South America. When growing such a flower inexperienced growers, difficulties they should not arise, because it is characterized by its undemanding care and unpretentiousness.
Brief Description Of Cultivation
- Flowering. As a rule, flowering begins in June and ends in September.
- Illumination. Needs bright sunlight, but it must be scattered.
- Temperature regime. Best episcia grows at temperatures from 50 to 58 °F, but the room should not be colder than 47 °F.
- Irrigation. During the growing season, the Bush is watered abundantly through the pan. In winter, watering can be carried out after the soil mixture in the pot dries to a quarter of the height.
- Air humidity. It should be increased, while moistening the flower from the sprayer is prohibited. In the pallet it is recommended to pour expanded clay and pour a little water. Also culture suitable terrarium.
- Fertilizer. During the period of intensive growth, the flower is fed regularly twice a month, for this purpose a solution of mineral fertilizer or organics of weak concentration is used, while taking a half dosage from the one that is recommended by the manufacturer on the package.
- Period of rest. Not pronounced. The flower normally grows and develops all year, being in the same conditions.
- Clipping. It is carried out when the Bush fades.
- Transplantation. Every year in the spring.
- Soil mixture. It should be neutral or slightly acidic. For its preparation it is necessary to connect peat and leaf soil, and sand in a ratio of 1:2:1. In the finished substrate add a little sphagnum and charcoal.
Since the epithelium needs bright, but scattered light, it is recommended to grow on the windowsill Eastern or Western orientation. In the North window sill it can also be quite successful to raise.
If the free space is only on the South window, the flower will have to be protected from direct sunlight with a cloth or paper, and it can be put into the room away from direct sunlight. In winter, the flower must necessarily have enough light.
Throughout the year, make sure that the room where the culture is not colder than 46 °F. It grows and develops best at an air temperature of 54 to 56 °F. In autumn and winter, do not expose the flower to cold drafts.
Avoid contact with the surface of the plates during watering. It is most convenient to pour episcia by the pallet. Water should be used well settled and soft, it should be at room temperature.
In winter, watering should be moderate, it is carried out 2 days after the top layer of the substrate dries. In spring and autumn, the Bush is watered abundantly and immediately after drying the surface of the soil mixture in the pot.
Watering the plant must necessarily be correct, since it can cause significant damage to both the stagnation of the liquid in the substrate and the drying of the earthen coma.
This flower grows well and develops in small greenhouses or terrariums, because it needs high humidity.
Moisten the leaves from the spray can not be, because on its surface there is a pubescence, and if it gets water, it can lead to rot. In this regard, to increase the humidity of the air in the sump is recommended to pour the moistened clay, and it put a pot of episcia.
In this case, make sure that the bottom of the container in any case does not come into contact with the liquid.
Feeding Of Episcia
During the period of intensive growth of feeding is carried out regularly, or rather, twice a month. To do this, you can use both organic and mineral fertilizers in half the dosage from the one that is recommended by the manufacturer on the package.
For example, if there are¼, then dilute the fertilizer and the need to be 1/8.
Grown in the indoor environment episcia is growing very fast. If you want the Bush to be lush and compact, then when it fades, it is necessary to shorten it. Daughter sockets with cut shoots planted next to the mother Bush in the same container.
Basket varieties have a very rapid growth, they are very spread and take root in nearby flower pots. In order to avoid this, the container with the flower is suspended so that its stems can not reach the neighboring pots.
To transplant the Bush is necessary to systematically 1 times a year in the spring. For transplanting choose low, but wide pots. The substrate should be used slightly acidic (pH 5.5–6.5) or neutral, it should include river sand, leaf and peat soil (1:2:1).
In the finished substrate is recommended to pour a little moss and charcoal. At the bottom of the planting tank must be large holes that are necessary for good drainage.
The leaves appeared brown spots. The appearance of brown spots on the leaf plates is due to the fact that episcia watered with cold water. For irrigation, it is necessary to use well-established water at room temperature.
Yellowing of the foliage. Foliage becomes yellow if the soil contains a lot of nutrients. Another reason for this can be a very high temperature, excessively low humidity or falling on the leaves of direct sunlight.
Gray patina on the leaves. If the substrate in the pot is very old, and it began to sour or because of the lack of frequent ventilation of the room, the plant can hit a fungal disease, due to which a grayish plaque forms on the surface of the flowers and leaf plates.
The epic does not bloom.Flowering is not observed if the Bush is watered incorrectly. Do not allow the soil mixture in the pot to dry out often.
Also, flowering will be absent when there is a lack of nutrients or an excess of nitrogen in the substrate, as well as due to poor lighting, excessively low humidity and if the room is too cold.
If episcia wrong to care during the dormant period, then it also may not receive flowers.
Episcia Plant Varieties And Common Name
The birthplace of this perennial is Mexico. Its stems are divided into 2 types: the first ― long and thin, darkening over time, they are easily rooted in the nodes of the mustache and have daughter sockets, and the second ― short with closely spaced leaf plates.
Small egg-shaped leaf plates reach 30 in length and 20 in width. On the surface dark green foliage there is a slight pubescence, Central vein have them the scarlet.
White flowers on the edges fringed, and in the throat they are spots of purple color.
Episcia Cupreata Care
In nature, the species can be found in tropical areas of South America. The size of the Bush in such a plant is much larger than in the previous species. Creeping stems take root easily in the right soils.
On the surface of the elliptical sheet plate there is a strong pubescence, its length is about 30 yards, and the width is up to 8 yards.
The color of the front surface of the foliage varies from copper to brownish-green with a white stripe on the Central vein, the reverse surface ― red with a green stripe.
Color single flowers red. The length of the Corolla tube is about 25 in, the outer surface is red, and the inner one is yellow with red spots. Flowering is observed in July–September.Episcia reptans
In the wild, this species can be found in the same place that the copper-red epic. It is represented by perennial herbaceous plants. The length of the leaf plates is about 80 in and the width is up to 50 in.
On the surface there is a strong pubescence, and at the base they have a heart-shaped, the lower surface is red, and the upper is brownish-green (closer to olive). From leaf axils on red pedicels grow single flowers.
The outer surface of the Corolla is red, and the inner surface is pink. Flowering is observed in July–September. This species is often cultivated as a basket plant.