Tetrastigma plant is a representative of The grape family. The genus includes about 100 species that can be found in nature in Northern Australia and South Asia. In the middle latitudes, it is grown at home and called indoor grapes.
Tetrastigma is a large vine, which is decorated with foliage blade shape. In natural conditions, the length of the plant can reach more than 50 meters. Small flowers are of no decorative value. In-room conditions to grow a vine is very simple, while it can grow here and incredibly long, but most often it is regularly shortened to 200-300 cm Tetrastigma has rapid growth, so for 12 months, its length can increase by about 100 cm (depending on the conditions).
Tetrastigma houseplant care
Even an inexperienced florist can quickly grow tetrastigma in your home. Its simplicity characterizes this vine, but still, in its cultivation, there are certain features.
Tetrastigma refers to light-loving plants that need much light. The light needs to be bright, but it must necessarily be scattered because due to direct rays on the sheet plates, they can form burns.
In the warmer months, the vine needs heat (the temperature should not fall below 23 degrees). In winter, it needs coolness (from 15 to 17 degrees), but make sure that the room was not colder than 12 degrees, because of this Bush can begin to throw off the leaves. More damage to the plant can drafts.
Irrigation and humidity
Tetrastigma grows typically at a low level of humidity, which is typical for living rooms. However, still once a week it is recommended to moisten the leaves of the spray, but only if the Bush is warm. When the chilly winter to wet the foliage is not necessary.
It is necessary to choose a mode of irrigation, which will eliminate the drying of the coma of the earth in the pot. In spring and summer, on average, the vine is watered two times a week. With cool wintering, the amount of watering is reduced to two per month, and it should be noted that the soil mixture in the pot should be a little moist all the time.
A suitable substrate
For planting room grapes proper loose soil mixture, rich in nutrients, while it can be slightly acidic or neutral. To make a suitable ground mix, it is necessary to connect the garden, turf and deciduous soil, and even perlite (1:2:2:2). Also at the bottom of the pot, which must have holes, you need to make a good drainage layer.
Feed the vine only during the growing season, which is observed in the spring and summer. Fertilizers are applied to the substrate at intervals of 2 times a month. In that case, if the growth of the Bush is speedy, the frequency of feeding can be increased to 1 time in 7 days. For this purpose, experts advise using organic and complex mineral fertilizers.
During the first two years, when the growth of the vine is the most intense, it will have to be transplanted several times a year. More mature specimens are subjected to this procedure systematically once a year. Tetrastigma tolerates transplanting quite well. The new container should be taken a couple of times larger than the old one.
Once the Bush is planted in a tub, reaching a diameter of more than 30 centimeters, it becomes tough to transplant, in this case, it is recommended to replace the three-centimeter top layer with fresh soil mixture systematically.
Cut the vine is not particularly necessary. However, if you trim, the tetrastigma will transfer it well. When the Bush grows up, it will have to be cut to restrain growth. However, remember that to touch the young leaves with your hands, and cut it in any case impossible, because there is a possibility that it will fall off with part of the escape. The grown flower needs support, but it is recommended to install it in advance.
How to propagate cuttings
Cuttings can quickly propagate room tetrastigma. As cuttings, the tops of the stems are used, on which there should be one kidney and two grown leaf plates. The lower section is treated with a solution of the drug, which increases the growth of the roots. On rooting, cuttings are planted in a mixture of sand and peat or placed in a glass of water.
For rooting to be faster, the container with the cuttings on top should be covered with a film, and the air temperature should be about 24 degrees. Rooted segments of shoots are planted in a pot filled with soil mixture, suitable for growing adult vines.
Diseases and pests
Tetrastigma has a high resistance to diseases and harmful insects, but if it is not properly cared for, then problems can begin with the vine. If the humidity is too low, then because of this, spider mites can settle on the Bush, they suck out the juice from it, depleting it. Understand that the vines paid pests can be thin cobwebs and powder coating. To save the flower, you will need a warm shower (water temperature about 40 degrees). If the pests remain, it can be treated with an insecticide solution.
If the dwell vine mealybug, its leaves to appear whitish bloom. Wet sponge removes the plaque, then spray the Bush with insecticide or folk remedy (infusion of garlic, tobacco or calendula).
If you take care of the flower properly, then it may have several problems:
- due to poor lighting, there is stretching of the stems;
- in too bright light on the foliage formed spots of yellow;
- yellow spots on the leaf plates also appear due to watering the Bush with hard water;
- if the vine was exposed to excessively low temperatures, then its foliage formed dark spots.
The flower in the middle latitudes, the most popular kind of Tetrastigma voinierianum. It is a large vine, lignified with time, which is evergreen. Petiolate palmate leaf plates form painted dark green, inside-out they have the surface pubescent. When grown at home Bush rarely blooms, but sometimes it is still decorated with small flowers of pale green color.
Tetrastigma lanceolarium also grown growers, but much less frequently. Unlike Tetrastigma voinierianum leaves in this species are more massive and painted in dark green. However, the rest of these two species are very similar to each other.
Tetrastigma obovatum ― this type differs from the others in that the oval leaf plate is attached to the petiole with a sharp end, while the tip is blunt. The foliage is painted in dark green, on edge there are teeth, and on the lower surface ― pubescence, consisting of villi.