Luxury plant native to Australia Leptospermum paniculate, the world’s better known as Manuka. From this hardy and powerful plant, unique honey and essential oil are extracted, which, according to antibacterial properties, is equated to a tea tree. But Leptospermum is worth paying attention not only because of its healing characteristics. Of all the Australian exotics common in decorative floriculture, it is Manuka that claims the title of the main flowering culture. Trees with unusual foliage during flowering hide medium-sized, but very beautiful flowers with a dark “eye”. And for all its outlandish and catchy appearance Manuka quite undemanding to care. It is enough to provide a cold winter — and this plant will be the main star of the collection of large crops.
Large but elegant Leptospermum
Rod Encasement, Leptospermum or Manuka belongs to the Myrtle family. This is a very large genus of shrubs and trees that adapt perfectly to the culture of closed soil. And even in the South, they can be grown as a garden plant, worldwide, Manuka has spread primarily as an indoor hot tub and exotic.
Most popular among the types of Manuka in flower got Leptospermum Scoparium. Large, up to 2 m evergreen tree is formed only many years after purchase. In the sale, manuka represented more than modest, compact bushes in small pots.
Leptospermum does not grow fast, but “hard”. The splendor, density of the crown — the dignity and the old Leptospermum, but the size they have much more impressive. A distinctive feature of the shrub is somewhat flattened crown shape: the width of the plant is much larger than the height.
The beauty of the crown Leptospermum can compete with any Myrtle plant. Powerful, often straight or slightly curved up shoots create an attractive graphics crown. The leaves are small, dark green, with a pointed-oblong shape. In length, they do not exceed 1 cm, they contain a lot of essential oils, the aroma of which is well felt when rubbing between fingers.
Flowers in diameter also reach only 1 cm. But they are very beautiful. Single, elegant, with beautiful dark spots at the base of the petals, emphasizing the center of the stamens, they seem both original and surprisingly catchy. And “eyes” only add grace.
Flowering Leptospermum covers 3-4 months. It starts at the beginning of spring and lasts until June. Even during flowering Manuka adapts well. During flowering, it can be transferred to the open sky, which allows you to enjoy a month or two of the beauty of the plant in the interior, and then decorate your garden or front garden with a luxurious Manuka.
For this Manuka typical representative varietal palette. Classic Krasnotsvetov Manuka meets as often as develops shape, and the main novelties of the last years adorn the delicate white bloom. Their flowers are decorated with spots and stains of pink and catchy Burgundy-black eye. In addition to the classical forms, there is Terry Leptospermum, flowering which looks even more impressive.
Especially good varieties
- ‘Rode Glory’ with beautiful brownish leaves and bright pink-red flowers;
- ‘Album Flore Pleno’ — Terry variety with snow-white flowers and dark leaves;
- ‘Decumbens’ is a light pink, a very gentle grade;
- ‘Ruby Glow’ — bright red, with a ruby hue variety;
- ‘Nanum Gaiety Girt’ — dwarf variety with pink flowers;
- Leptospermum thymifolia — a miniature, compact form with smaller foliage, smelling of lemon and snow-white flowering;
- Now combined with Leptospermum myrsinoides;
- Leptospermum gregarium — also more compact, in the South cultivated as a ground cover species;
- in pots is rare, but creates a very beautiful cushion of reddish shoots and dark leaves (flowers are also painted white);
- Leptospermum – a plant that cannot be ranked as simple to grow only for one reason. The Manuka need a cool, if not cold winter, and without it a success is impossible. But in all other respects, this culture will pleasantly surprise.
Exotic appearance does not detract from endurance. After all, Leptospermum white rightfully belongs to the most heat-resistant, well-adapted houseplants. Of course, they will need systems of care, but the special requirements of these Australian beauties do not present.
Leptospermums are extremely light-loving plants. For them will be comfortable only conditions in which Leptospermum will literally bathe in the sun. Strong, dense small leaves do not suffer even from midday rays. Unlike many tubs, Manuka will make a Sunny location even in the garden, not only in the rooms. But not during the flowering period, when Manuka is more sensitive to heat and prefers ambient light.
Choose for her the best place from the East, West and partially South facing, sun or light pad. Especially important is bright lighting during the winter when the plant is in cool conditions: at this time, shading for Leptospermum is unacceptable.
Temperature conditions for Manuka
To find the temperature for that tub of exotic is very simple. In the warm time of year, especially if Leptospermum take out in the garden or on the terrace, on the balcony or in the garden, this exotic plant will tolerate any temperatures, even hot.
Normal room range or temperatures above 25 degrees are equally good for Manuka. And the only thing that affects the heat – the frequency of watering. During the flowering period, extreme heat is best avoided by limiting the upper-temperature bar to 24-26 degrees.
But the winter regime requires a completely different approach. Manuka can be grown only under the condition of cold wintering, and this fact is the most difficult moment in growing plants.
Leptospermum with Windows October-early November to end of February need to contain within the temperature range of 3 to 8 degrees Celsius. The maximum possible deviation from these temperatures is from 8 to 12 degrees. Not later than the beginning of March, they need to be moved to room warm rooms.
The main talent of Leptospermum is the ability to grow outdoors in the warm season. This plant is not frost-resistant, but cold-resistant. It can be carried out under the open sky without waiting for summer, since the middle of May. And back bring Leptospermum only after the arrival of the first frostbites, from which the plant does not suffer. It was on fresh air Manuka beautiful bloom of all. Therefore, they are ranked not only to indoor crops but also to garden tub exotics.
Care of Leptospermum
Watering and humidity
Watering Leptospermum should be regular and carried out only with the control of the degree of drying of the substrate in pots. This plant does not like the complete drying of the earthen coma but does not need high humidity. Manuka can die even after a single drought — the plant immediately sheds its leaves, and at a young age is not restored.
And drying of the soil should not be allowed even in winter (despite the fact that watering should be done as rare as possible), and in the warm season, it is necessary to maintain a stable average humidity. Between treatments need to dry the top layer of the substrate. The higher the temperature, the more often you need to carry out watering. Winter irrigation regime of this plant should be scarce, the soil should be kept in a slightly moist state.
You will have to pay attention to the quality of the water. Leptospermums are best watered with rainwater (especially if they spend the summer in the garden). But any other soft water, boiled or filtered, the same temperature with the environment for Manuka suitable.
In General, the thin-seed well tolerate dry air. But if you can afford to provide high humidity in the spring and summer, flowering plants will only be more beautiful.
Feeding for Leptospermum
Preferring soil acidity Manuka needs not only to constantly replenish the level of nutrients in the soil but also to maintain the optical characteristics of the soil. To do this, plants use only acid fertilizer, preferably of a number of products for flowering plants (perfect fertilizer for rhododendrons or mixture for bonsai).
During the period when Leptospermum is in the cold mode of wintering, fertilizing is not made. In the period of active growth (warm phase), Manuka is fertilized not so often, but regularly — every 2-3 weeks with a full dose of fertilizers recommended by the manufacturers.
Manuka is prone to overgrowth. It constantly increases both volumes, and height, shoots can be extended during the summer in the fresh air. To keep the usual plant crown density and beauty of forms, it is better to take care of timely pruning. Spend it immediately after flowering, provided that Manuka managed to bloom until the end of June.
From July to March, pruning is prohibited for many varietal Leptospermum, but this information is better to clarify when buying. When pruning, it is best to focus on shortening the elongated shoots, forming the crown. If necessary, pinching can be carried out in the spring, before transplantation.
Need this plant and sanitary “cleaning” in the spring. For this Leptospermum after carrying a cold into a warm early spring is subjected to rigorous inspection. The plant should not be damaged, dry, growing inside the crown or deformed and spoiling the decorative plant branches.
Leptospermum suitable for shaping trunks and creation of bonsai (it has a very nice crack the bark, and Melk
Diseases and pests of Manuka
Leptospermum — culture is quite persistent. When stagnant water and overflow, they can suffer from root rot, and in the lime substrate — from chlorosis. Fight with the first can only be an emergency transplant, but with chlorosis, it is better to cope with the use of iron chelates or other acidifying drugs.
Propagated Leptospermum mainly apical petioles. Woody, not densely branching shoots in Manuka well rooted, if you cut them in the period from the end of flowering to mid-August. For rooting should take cuttings of 5-6 cm in size.
Rooting is carried out under the hood, with ventilation twice a day, in a sour substrate. Usually, the process of emergence of roots takes a little more than 1 month, provided that the soil moisture is stable-average. During the year after rooting, young plants should be grown only in indoor culture.
Even in regions with harsh winters, Manuka manages to form seeds and they can be used to produce new plants. However, this is not so easy: too small, dust-like seeds are difficult to collect and properly process.
Sowing is carried out superficially, under the glass, trying to work carefully and quickly so that the seeds do not have time to scatter from the surface of the substrate. But the main difficulty is the collection of seeds, which is carried out before waking rarely.