Phlebodium aureum has elongated and slightly wavy at the edges of the lobed leaves of a pleasant blue-green hue and pubescent Golden “legs” creeping on the substrate soil. It will serve as an excellent choice for beginners and more experienced growers.
The ability to tolerate relatively low light and relatively easy care allows it to be used in phytodesign not only residential premises but also offices. Buying a small plant, and this is most often known fern blue Star (Blue Star), we must be prepared for the fact that in favorable conditions, the fern can quickly turn into a real giant with a scope of leaves up to 1-2 m.
How to grow Phlebodium
Phlebodium prefers bright ambient light. In summer, protect it from direct sunlight so that the leaves do not get burned. On the Sunny windowsill, place the fern behind other plants or just to the side of the window, so that it gets only oblique sunlight. In winter, you can set the Phlebodium on the lightest Windows or under bright lighting.
Although this fern patiently tolerates shade, all its beauty is manifested only in bright light – grow large and wavy fronds with a large number of segments, the leaves acquire a characteristic bluish hue. With a lack of light leaves will remain small, growth will stop, may begin to fall. In winter, the warm provides a plant by means of illumination 12 hours of light a day.
Temperature and humidity
All year round Phlebodium grows well at normal, comfortable room temperature. With a lack of light in winter, it is desirable to lower the temperature of the content to +16…+18°C, avoid cooling below +10°C. the Temperature of +5°C is already affecting this fern and causes the death of the plant.
Phlebodium prefers high humidity, although it tolerates dry air quite well. Keep it in a wetter room, such as the kitchen or bathroom. With the onset of the heating season, spray the leaf and the air next to the plant several times a day, or use a humidifier, but not close to the plant. Placing indoor plants in groups will also contribute to higher humidity next to them.
When watering, remember about the natural habitat and nature of the fern – it lives on the branches of trees in the rainforest, so it prefers frequent watering but does not like to stand in water or damp soil.
The correct irrigation regime will be easy to choose if the soil is well drained throughout the volume, it will provide a quick drain of excess water and free access to the roots of the air. The too dense substrate will lead to waterlogging and rotting roots.
Pour warm and soft water after drying the top layer of soil, trying not to fall on the pubescent rhizomes, so as not to spoil their appearance.
Phlebodium aureum Blue Star Fern
Soil and transplant
For blue star fern propagation suitable ready soil for epiphytic plants – orchids or bromeliads. You can prepare the substrate yourself, adding to the universal soil or soil for ornamental deciduous plants a large number of drainage materials, pieces of bark or perlite (1/3 volume).
The root system of the fern is shallow, so preference should be given to low pots, bowls. After purchase and in the future, every few years, transplanted fern only neat transshipment in slightly larger pots (2-3 cm wider in diameter).
Adult major instances at the time of transplant neatly divided. On the surface of the soil are covered with bristles rhizomes – it’s not the roots and stems of plants, they can not be buried.
Like many other epiphytes, Phlebodium in its natural habitat had to adapt to the low level of nutrient intake. It will be enough to make from April to September fertilizers for cacti in half dosage. The introduction of large doses of fertilizers will cause poisoning and death of the plant.
It is possible to Phlebodium of the dispute, but the process is long and requires special conditions. First, the spores will grow into tiny sprouts – the gametophytic generation. They form male and female sex cells that can merge in a humid environment.
And only from the resulting zygote will eventually develop the next generation – sporophyte, the usual fern.
At home, Phlebodium is propagated by dividing rhizomes during transplantation. Gently clean tool to cut a fragment of rhizome with several leaves slices sprinkled with powdered charcoal, a little dried and transferred into a separate pot, leaving the roots lying on the soil surface, not buried them.
Diseases and pests
The plant with proper care is practically not subject to disease.
- Exposure to too much moisture can rot roots.
- From lack of light fern degrades and loses leaves.
- Sometimes struck by the scale