Ferns – plants are unique and indispensable for landscape design. But it would be a big mistake to limit the use of ferns only to compositions with natural charm. After all, ferns can be an interesting design element even on flower beds, Alpine slides.
Expanding The Use Of Ferns
Ferns with their mystery, grandeur, antiquity and special character can make a revival in the shady corners of the garden and radically change the nature of the design.
There are no plants that would better cope with the task of creating a calm green background for rest, which would offer such rich shades of green or could boast of more perfect and filigree forms.
But at the same time, ferns for many remain plants that can be used in landscape design only in compositions of natural style or where it is necessary to fill the soil under the shade of large trees.
But ferns – plants are not less universal than the main herbaceous perennials from the number of decorative-deciduous cultures. They are capable of striking diversity, opening up new opportunities for selection of species for different ornamental objectives.
The Best Place For Ferns In The Garden
The only restriction on the possibility of using ferns in the design of flower beds, mix borders or other decorative flowering compositions impose conditions for the cultivation of these plants.
Ferns, which belong to the shade-loving species, can only come to terms with the semi-shaded lighting; place them so that from the bright sun they shaded larger species, or in places with natural diffuse shading from buildings and fences.
Light-loving ferns can live in almost any composition. But much more attention should be paid to the composition and characteristics of soils. Ferns are well developed and grow only in nutritious, containing a lot of organic matter, light in composition and fairly moist soils. For them, as for most herbaceous plants, raw, impoverished, uncultured types of soil are not suitable.
When Is The Best Time To Plant Ferns
The main feature of planting ferns in the garden – to find him a darkened wet place, but with enough scattered sunlight. If you brought a fern from the forest, then it is desirable to leave as much soil on its roots as possible, in which the plant was before.
Then the fern will take root well in a new place and quickly adapts there. Although the plant does not belong to the capricious, for beautiful, lush bushes necessarily comply with some requirements.
The place in the open ground, where the landing will be made, should be in the shade. In the sun, the plant withers and can quickly die.
The soil in the place of planned cultivation should be loose since the roots of the plant are demanding the presence of air.
Council. If processes of a fern dig out in the wood, it is necessary to take from the same site a little earth and to pour it in a landing hole.
10 best ferns for decorative compositions in the garden
1. Matteuccia Struthiopteris
Fern height from 80 to 130 in, one of the most beautiful and large. Famous for its almost straight, evenly symmetrical leaves and light green color. To observe how the unfolding of the broad fronds of the ferns – a pleasure.
Ostriches prefer semi-shaded locations and moist soil, have a creeping rhizome and tend to spread independently.
Ostrich is able to become an ideal partner not only for the most popular flowering plants but also for large flowering shrubs or very large perennials with huge leaves (eg, Rogers).
Read more: Blue Star Fern
2. Polypodium vulgare
A small but very beautiful fern. Despite the fact that the height of the polypodium ranges from 10 to 30 in, it seems massive and even somewhat rough. The lobes in the leaves are dense, massive, located not so densely, but very symmetrically.
Fronds pointing in different directions, almost lying on the ground, the randomness of the drawing outlets of the fern adds to the song’s intensity. Polypodium looks impressive, but not strictly. Deeply separate leaves sit on long and thin stalks, remain for the winter.
This fern prefers semi-shaded or shady locations and can only grow in sand or unknown soil with good drainage.
Polypodium is used for compositions in rocky gardens, but it can be content even with a place in the crevice. Its use is not limited only to decorative compositions in rock gardens, flower beds with stone filling, but also suitable in narrow mix borders at stone walls or in flower beds on slopes.
3. Adiantum pedatum
The height is limited to a maximum of 60 in. This is a surprisingly beautiful carved plant with narrow fan-shaped leaves on almost black stalks and light emerald, sometimes seeming almost blue, color. Curly, elegant, it creates a beautiful cover as a ground cover.
This is one of the most miniature, but not the least beautiful ferns. Maidenhair conquers unsurpassed beauty and amazing graphics quality of the bushes. Small fronds with a Lacy pattern created a very whimsical accent.
Adiantum is able to grow only in shading, makes a strong shadow and needs a uniformly moist soil with a mandatory acidic reaction.
The beauty of this fern is perfectly revealed against the background of stones in the Alpine hills, in the company of ornamental grasses and groundcover on any flower garden or in a mixed border.
4. Ceterach officinarum
Very original miniature fern, whose height ranges from 5 to 20 in. Rounded lobes Wai give the plant similarity with snake patterns. Leaves evergreen, clustered in small rosettes, mixed.
This fern prefers to grow in calcareous soils, feels great in the sun and in partial shade. This is the only drought-resistant fern that can be content with a Sunny location. The comb likes limestone soil.
Scraper in the foreground of any decorative compositions will look luxurious. The play of lines and textures in contact with perennials will create unexpected transitions and bold modern solutions.
7. Dryopteris erythrosoras
Are medium – sized ferns whose height ranges from 30 to 70 in. Wintergreen almost triangular leaves are dense and surprisingly elegant, feathery structure with pointed at the ends of the shares, which gives the plant a more noble appearance.
This type of fern is one of the most beautiful additions to all decorative-deciduous herbaceous perennials, which are often used in the design of flower beds due to the unusual texture and spectacular color of the leaves.
8. Blechnum spicant
Beautiful fern with a height of from 30 to 80 cm, with narrow, quite thick fronds of silvery-green color. One of the rare ferns, which in one outlet collected spore-bearing and non-spore leaves. The socket form a barren tradability and wintering leaves, fancy decumbent to the ground and forming a matted ornamental pattern.
One of the ferns that can be used not only for flower beds, rock gardens, in the design of dry walls or other compositions with rocky soils.
9. Osmunda regalis
One of the airiest, Lacy ferns, which seems to glow from the inside due to a lighter yellowish-green color and almost transparent. Large and powerful, with shrubs up to 2 ft in height, it flaunts shiny fronds that change color with reddish spring summer autumn green and gold.
The osmunda needs in humid and even soggy peaty soil and partial shade location.
The osmunda is able to create a wonderfully elegant backdrop for the massive plants. Most often this culture is used in decorative compositions on the shore of the pond, but it can become a great partner for any large and massive plants, create a stunningly beautiful background for large-leaved perennials and shrubs, suitable for the design of raw flower beds.
10. Polystichum setiferum
Large and quite changeable fern, which in favorable conditions can reach a meter height. The leaves are dark green, filigree, dense, with a bright eye-catching Sorus and serrated bristle edge, wide, often curving arcs and spreading.
Fern is able to become an air partner for absolutely any flowering herbaceous perennial, especially for blooming in summer species. Modest in any other place, this fern gives the impression of a somewhat sloppy, loose, it slightly creeps into the territory of flowering plants, while creating a surprisingly harmonious contrast and giving airy lightness to abundant color ensembles.