Stephanotis belongs to the family Estoniya, or Vechnikova, or Lastovickova (Asclepiadaceae) in nature is a subshrub vine. The name of the genus it comes from the Greek words stephanos – crown, crown and otos — ear, and given to plants for the presence of five crown-shaped petals-ears on the stamen tube of the flower.
The stephanotis is an evergreen climbing plants, shrubs. When regulating temperature and light, the plant may bloom in winter. The plant is demanding of light and needs support.
Features of growing at home
Microclimate and lighting
This plant is fast-growing and unpretentious, but does not like temperature changes. In winter it is kept in cold greenhouses with a temperature of 12-16 °C and bright lighting, but without drafts. Summer pritenyayut from direct sunlight, spraying in the heat of leathery leaves. In a dry room with high temperature in winter stefanotis can be damaged by spider mite.
If flower yellowed leaves and begin to fall, the cause may be a lack of lighting or problems with the root system, may require transplantation into a larger pot with fresh soil.
The flower loves regular watering and abundant, soft water. In winter, after flowering, watered it moderately, preventing drying earthen coma in the pot, it is important that the earth in the pot was constantly wet, but the puddles should not be diluted, it is necessary to spray the air around the plant more often.
Soil and fertilizer
Planting and transplantation it is carried out in a heavy-duty mix. To prepare the soil using deciduous, clay-turf land, peat (or humus) and sand in a ratio of 3:2:1:1.
In the spring, during the transplant, the stems can be cut in half. Flowering usually occurs in June and lasts until September. And to extend the abundant flowering, in mid-summer, its shoots are pinched, leaving on the stem up to 8 pairs of leaves.
Flowering is stimulated by mineral flower fertilizers with trace elements, or solutions of potassium salt and superphosphate, which are made 1-2 times before flowering in may.
Reproduction of stephanotis
Stephanotis propagated vegetatively, although it is difficult to rooted plants. When cuttings are used plant hormones stimulating root formation, rooting is carried out in sand under glass, with bottom heat.
Cuttings are harvested from semi-woody shoots last year with well-developed leaves, 1-2 internodes, the lower section making 2 cm below the node, and buried at an angle of 1-1.5 cm in the sand.
The most favorable period for the rooting — spring and summer. With stable clear and Sunny weather, high temperature and humidity in the greenhouse, the rooting occurs within 2-3 weeks, young shoots sprout from the leaf axils.
Stephanotis reproduces and seeds, but ties them very rarely. The fruit is a dicotyledonous leaflet, the two-part box contains seeds with silky umbrellas-parachutes inside, the seed maturation lasts up to 12 months, as they Mature, the box cracks, and the seeds fly out into the wild.
Care of stephanotis
The plants needs bright ambient lighting. When the content in the sun in plants may be due to burning. The optimal place for cultivation — of the window with a Western or Eastern orientation. When growing on the southern Windows, in the summer at noon it is necessary to create diffuse lighting, using a translucent fabric or paper (tulle, gauze, tracing paper).
On the Northern window due to lack of light the plant may not bloom. In autumn and winter the plant is kept in good light. The flower responds well to additional illumination with fluorescent lamps.
During the formation of buds should not be rotated and change the usual place for the plant, because of this development of buds may stop.
In spring and summer the optimum temperature is within 18-22°C, in winter it is desirable to keep in cool conditions (12-16°C). The plant responds poorly to sudden changes in temperature and cold drafts.
Pour stefanotis in the spring and summer abundantly, as the drying of the upper layer of the substrate, soft water at room temperature. The plant is very poorly tolerate the high content of lime in irrigation water. In winter, watered sparingly (this is important to stimulate abundant flowering).
Stefanotis loves high humidity, so in spring and summer it is recommended to carry out regular spraying of the plant with lukewarm water, you can put a container with a plant on a pallet with wet expanded clay or peat. In case of cool wintering spraying is carried out carefully.
From March to August, the plant is fed once every one to two weeks, alternating mineral and organic fertilizers. Before flowering (may), it is desirable to feed several times stefanotis solution of superphosphate and potassium salt. Autumn and winter are not fed.
Withered flowers should be removed to the plant all its energy directed to the formation of healthy stems.
Before the transplant, a moderate pruning of plants is carried out. Young plants pass annually, adults every 2-3 years, at the end of winter, adult plants need annual filling of the nutritious earth and providing support for shoots (tie up to supports).
Stephanotis planted in a fairly large pots with nutrient soil composed of deciduous, clay-turf, humus soil and sand; pH 5.5-6.5.
- When the buds are formed, the plant reacts very badly to the change of place, so the pot must be applied to the light mark.
- Lack of water, temperature fluctuations, drafts can lead to falling buds.
- In low light and temperature changes, even with regular feeding, flowers may not appear.
- With insufficient watering, wilting of unopened buds can occur.
- When watering with hard water and lack of light can turn yellow leaves.
Views – Stephanotis floribunda(Madagascar Jasmine)
Occurs in forests on the island of Madagascar. Climbing shrubs up to 5 m long. Leaves opposite, oval or oblong-oval, 7 – 9 cm long and 4-5 cm wide, rounded at the base, with a short tip at the top, solid, dense, dark green, glossy.
The flowers are collected several times in a false umbrella, about 4 cm long and 5 cm wide at the top, white, very fragrant.
The plant is interesting for pot culture in greenhouses and rooms; it is widely used for decorating interiors, winter gardens, also bred for cutting flowers.
Is it possible to keep the house stephanotis?
Many believe that the stephanotis, a plant to scare off husbands. As for me, it drives out of the house of her husband is not a beautiful fragrant flower, and dirt, an empty refrigerator and a bad wife. There is another sign: if the capricious stephanotis blooms, the girl living in the house will get married.
But this is all from the field of prejudice, in which someone believes, and someone does not. We want to warn you that the juice of stephanotis poisonous, so all work with the plant should be carried out in gloves. And it is better to keep it away from animals and children