The aloe will be not only it is beautiful to look at you on a window sill, but also will significantly strengthen your organism. Therefore if you did not plant this curative plant at home yet, then it is worth making it right now.
The list from five curative properties of an aloe to which it is worth paying attention.
Juice of aloe is one of the best means for a strengthening of immunity. And all because acemannan active agent which contains in aloe and protects your organism. Also, the saccharite which is contained in a plant helps to struggle with stress.
To make a useful drink, dissolve a spoon of honey and juice of one leaf of aloe in a glass of water.
Who could think, but the aloe also improves the structure and growth of hair. For this purpose apply a mask with the maintenance of an aloe. It can easily be made in house conditions: mix 1 tsp of the juice of aloe, 1 tsp of castor or burdock oil, vitamin A and E in Solution, 1 yolk and 1 tablespoon of kefir. Apply on roots of the hair and put on a hat for a shower. In half an hour wash away a mask warm water.
Porridge with aloe is often used as appliques on affected areas of skin at acne rash, bruises, stings of insects and sun blisters, and extract of aloe is a part of many antiseptic ointments.
Slows down aging
In addition to other properties of aloe, the plant both humidifies and increases the elasticity of skin and also promotes delay of processes of aging. And what is interesting, as a part of a plant there are also such elements which interfere with the emergence of a nevus pigment.
For restoration and calm of skin, mix on 1 h any moisturizing cream, fresh juice of an aloe and olive oil. Put a mask on a face and a neck, slightly massage with circular motions and leave for 20 minutes. Then wipe a cotton plug. Such mask perfectly restores a weather skin, narrows capillaries and helps to keep youth.
Not only the green plant is useful for an organism. The aloe also purifies air from formaldehyde which allocates furniture from chipboard and reduces contents in it the simplest microorganisms. This plant perfectly will be suitable for the bedroom as at night it most actively absorbs carbon dioxide and emits oxygen.
Features of an aloe
The sheet plates of aloe which are a part of the socket grow from a root, most often they are fleshy. There are types which on foliage have thorns and are available also such which do not have them. A part of views of surfaces of foliage has a wax raid. During blossoming the bush is decorated by flowers of a red, yellow or orange color. The inflorescence form depending on a look can be clustery or panicled, most often flowers or tubular.
Part of types has curative properties, therefore, they are used in nonconventional medicine. Juice of an aloe helps to cure abscesses and burns quicker. It is also used for the production of masks because has the restoring and rejuvenating property. Foliage is used for receiving the substance differing in a laxative effect. In culture raise not only a set of types of aloe but also versions.
Short description of cultivation
- Blossoming. Aloes raise as a decorative and deciduous and curative plant.
- Illumination. Needs a bigger quantity of bright sunlight. Sometimes in winter time, the bush is recommended to be highlighted.
- Temperature condition. During the spring and summer period, the flower well grows at the usual room temperature. In winter time in room 14 degrees do not have to be warmer.
- Watering. Throughout the vegetation period substrate in a pot is moistened at once after drying-out of its top layer. In winter months watering is carried out less often, to be exact, two days later after drying-out of a surface of a soil mix. During watering, you watch that liquid did not get in the sheet socket.
- The humidity of the air. The aloe normally grows at a humidity of air characteristic of premises.
- Fertilizer. Fertilizing will see from the second half of spring to the first autumn weeks of 1 time in 4 weeks, for this purpose uses mineral fertilizers.
- Dormant period. Nacho is the share of the second half, and it comes to an end in the middle of the spring.
- Change. Bushes are replaced at the beginning of the vegetation period, young bushes subject to this procedure of 1 time in a few years, and more adult ― 1 time in 4 years.
- Soil mix. Sheet and cespitose soil, and sand (1:2:1).
- Reproduction. Radical escapes and in a seed way.
- Mean insects. Plant louse mealy scales and web pincers.
- Diseases. The plant can ache only if it is wrong to look after it. Most often it suffers from decay which appears from excessively plentiful watering.
- Properties. A part of types of an aloe differs in curative properties. They possess anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating, wound healing, antibacterial, regenerating and other properties.
Care of aloe in house conditions – Illumination
The aloe is a photophilous plant, therefore, it is the best of all in house conditions to raise it at the southern window, at the same time to it direct beams of the sun are not terrible. A bush which long time stood in shading accustom to bright beams of the sun gradually. In winter time the bush sometimes needs additional lighting, for this purpose it is possible to use fluorescent lamps.
In summertime of an aloe develops and grows in normal limits at the usual room temperature. In warm season it can be transferred to fresh air, at the same time for it choose the place protected from rainfall. If in summertime you do not move a plant to the street, then it is recommended to air systematically the room in which it is. In the winter at an aloe are observed a dormant period, in this regard, it is recommended to be rearranged to the cool place (not warmer than 14 degrees). If in the room is warmer, then the bush can actively begin to be extended as in the winter the sun cannot give it the necessary amount of light.
Throughout the vegetative period watering of aloe is carried out at once after the soil mix surface in a pot dries out. In winter time watering has to be rarer, however, it is impossible to allow redrying of an earth lump. During moistening of substrate you watch that liquid did not get in the sheet socket because it can lead to rotting of a trunk, and it, in turn, can ruin a bush.
Humidity of air
Such flower normally grows and develops at any humidity of the air.
That the aloe blossomed, the dormant period which is possible only at long light day and a cooler is necessary for it. It is quite difficult to provide to a plant similar conditions at cultivation in the apartment, in this regard its blossoming can be seen extremely seldom.
Fertilizing carry out from the second half of spring prior to the beginning of fall with the frequency of 1 time in 4 weeks. When the bush is at rest, it is not necessary to introduce in soil mix fertilizers.
Change of an aloe
The substrate, suitable for cultivation of aloe, has to consist of the cespitose and deciduous soil, and sand (2:1:1). In order that soil mix was more friable, it is mixed with a small amount of charcoal and small pieces of a brick. Change is carried out only if necessary, as a rule, young bushes subject to this procedure of 1 time in a few years, and more adult ― 1 time in 4 years.
Ways of reproduction. Seed reproduction
The aloe can be grown up from seeds quite easily. For a start at the bottom of capacity do a good drainage layer, then fill it with sandy mix and sow seeds. Crops are carried out to the last winter or first spring weeks. Provide to crops regular watering and airing. Protect them from direct beams of the sun, at the same time air temperature has to be about 20 degrees. The sword-play of the appeared seedlings to individual capacities is held when they are 30 days old. When after change there pass 3 months it will be necessary to dive once again in larger capacities then provide them the same care, as well as to adult bushes.
How to multiply escapes
For reproduction of an aloe, escapes use the same soil mix, as for crops of seeds. In the spring or in the first summer weeks separate from a parental bush the very young escapes growing from roots then they are put in an individual capacity. After the bush gives roots and will start in growth, provide it the same care, as well as to an adult plant.
Diseases and wreckers of an aloe
If it is wrong to look after an aloe, then with it there can be problems:
- Foliage is faded and sluggish. It can happen because of excessively frequent waterings when the surface of a soil mix does not manage to dry out. Still, an improper substrate can become a fault to it.
- Escapes become extended. At poor lighting, the bush begins to be extended actively, therefore, it loses the decorative effect. That to avoid it, the plant is recommended to be highlighted fluorescent lamps, thus increasing the duration of a light day.
- There was decay on escapes and roots. On roots, decay appears as a result of too frequent or excessively plentiful watering. And rotting of a stalk most often happens because liquid if in the room it is cool got to the sheet socket during watering. Choose the most suitable mode of watering for an aloe, cut off all struck parts of a bush and replace it in a fresh substrate.
- Tips of sheet plates become brown. This plant is quite undemanding to the humidity of the air. But if air is excessively dry, then it will be required to increase its humidity. Because of very poor watering on an edge of sheet plates, brown specks can be formed.
- On foliage specks of dark color appeared. The bush should be protected from drafts, and to its strong cold (lower than 8 degrees) can do much harm. It is necessary to air the room regularly, however, the flower has to stand in such place which will be protected from drafts.
- Mean insects. On a mealy scales, plant lice and web pincers can lodge.
Types of aloe with a photo and names
The bush has no stalk of this type at all. A width of narrow sheet plates about 0,16 ft, and their length ― up to 0,8 ft, on an edge are located small thorns of white color. The foliage color greenish-gray, and on its surface is a large number of white points. During blossoming grows peduncle about 1,6 ft long, on it, the brushes consisting of flowers of white color are formed. Such alone can be multiplied easily radical sockets.
Height lighting a bush can reach about 5 yards. The trunk is divided into small branches, at the same time on each of them the sheet socket is formed. Suprotivnoraspolozhenny sheet plates grow on 14–16 pieces, a format them linear, and the top which is rounded off. Length of glaucous sheet plates is no more than 0,9 ft, and their width ― up to 1,5 oz, as a rule, an edge smooth. On tops of long flower stalk, the brushes consisting of 25–30 red flowers are formed. Length of flower stalks can reach a half a meter. This look differs from the others in the fact that more frequent watering is necessary for it.
Escapes at a bush short. The green foliage collected in small sockets possesses a lantern form, most often on its surface, there are specks of white color, and on an edge thorn of a light pink shade are located. Length of sheet plates can reach about a half a meter. On a high flower stalk, several brushes which consist of pale yellow flowers, in length of the reaching about 1,1 oz are formed. There are grades at which flowers are painted in red color. This look is called still by Floe Lanza, either Aloe barbadensis, or Aloe indica.
At this grassy plant very short stalk. The foliage growing from a root is collected in the socket, its length only about 1,5 oz, and a form ― elongated and triangular. On a surface a few corrugated pale or dark green sheet plates there is a set of points of a white shade. Length of tubular orange florets is about 0,3 oz. They are brought together in a brush which is formed in the top part of the thirty-centimetric flower stalk growing from the flower socket. The look can be multiplied quickly radical very young sockets.
At this perennial plant quite short stalk (height about 12 in). Length of narrow sheet plates up to 6 in, on an edge, they located small thorns, and in the top part, 1 longer thorn grows. On both surfaces of greenish foliage, there is a raid of wax and whitish spots. During blossoming it is formed peduncle 12 in long on which the brush consisting of reddish tubular flowers grows.
In nature, this look represents a treelike evergreen perennial plant which height about 8 meters. On both surfaces of bluish-green sheet plates, there is a wax raid, their length about 40 centimeters, and width ― up to 2,3 in, on an edge small thorns, are located. The brushes which are formed during blossoming consist of tubular flowers of a yellow color. On one flower stalk can grow from 1 to 3 inflorescences.
This look which is widely cultivated in room conditions is called still “aloe”. The height of a tree or bush can reach three meters. Gradually escapes from below become bare, and in the top part, they strongly branch. Top dense fleshy sheet plates in length possess a xiphoidal form, and in width ― is curved by concave. Their color glaucous, length about a half a meter, and width ― about 2,3 in. On an edge of plate thorns, in length, the reaching 0,1 in is located. The look in May-June blossoms, however at cultivation in house conditions flowers on a bush can be seen infrequently. On a high flower stalk the brushes consisting of pink, red or yellow flowers are formed.
The look represents a low perennial grassy plant. Curved very narrow glossy sheet plates possess a green color and form, their width ― up to 1,9 in, and length ― about 50 cm, an edge crenulate. During blossoming it is formed high flower stalk on which the brushes consisting of orange, red and yellow tubular flowers, which length no more than 1,9 in grow.
Stalk at this grassy perennial plant short. The sheet plates growing from roots are collected in the socket and possess in round figures – triangular shape, their length about 20 centimeters, and width ― no more than 6 in. The color of foliage can be any from bluish-gray to green, on its back surface and also on an edge the set of small thorns grows. Grows from the sheet socket high flower stalk in which top part the clustery inflorescence consisting of tubular flowers of saturated-red or just red color is formed. In house conditions blossoms very seldom.
At this grassy perennial plant, foliage is collected in sockets. Their form can be varied from triangular to lanterns, in length they reach about 11 centimeters, and in width ― to 1,4 in. On an external surface of a plate and on its edge cloves of white color are located. Foliage color bluish-green. Tubular red flowers are collected in a brush which is formed on a top of a high flowers stalk.
The homeland of such acaulescent grassy plant Madagascar. The foliage growing from a root in length reaches everything about 4 in, and in width ― about 2 in. On a surface of a dark green plate the set of white specks and hillocks, and on an edge ― small thorns is located. The Kolokolchaty form flowers are painted in coral color.
The height of this bush is about three meters. Fleshy sheet plates are collected in the radical socket, on both surfaces, there is a wax raid. They are painted in glaucous color, their length to one and a half meters, and width ― up to 11 in. Both surfaces of a plate and also its edge it is covered a large number of small pale red thorns. Flowers of a tubular form are collected in a brush, most often they are painted in an orange-red shade.
Either aloe my listy, or Aloe maculata. The bush possesses the branching stalk and, as a rule, it forms several sheet sockets. Length of the flat curved green sheet plates about 23 in, and their width ― up to 2,3 in, on both surfaces is available a set of specks of white color, on an edge five-millimetric thorns are located. Small brushes consist of yellow flowers which sometimes possesses a reddish shade.
At such plant short stalks. Triangular green foliage is a part of the socket, it is decorated by whitish hillocks, and on an edge, small thorns are located. On a top of a little curved plate, long thread grows. On a high flower stalk, it is formed several brushes consisting of 20–30 orange-red flowers, which form tubular.
At such bush creeping stalks in length reach about 3 meters. Length of ovoid glaucous sheet plates about 10 centimeters, at the basis in width they reach up to 2,3 in. On an edge and in the middle of a sheet plate there are small white thorns. When the bush blossoms, it is decorated by the brushes consisting of tubular flowers of a yellow color.
The homeland of such acaulescent perennial plant is the Republic of South Africa. The fleshy dense sheet plates collected in the radical socket, possess a glaucous color, their width ― up to 5 in, and length ― about a 3,2 ft. The smooth edge of a plate is painted in red color. As a rule, on a high flower stalk, it is formed several brushes consisting of small reddish florets. The look in the second half of the spring blossoms.
Aloe ausana, or Aloe punctata. The height of such acaulescent bush is about 11,8 in. The extended foliage is collected in radical sockets, its width up to 2,3 in, and length ― about 5,2 in. Dark green sheet plates are decorated by the white pattern consisting of points and strips. On tops of high f inflorescences of a clustery form which consist of flowers of a red, pink or yellow shade grow.
In nature height of the bush possessing a direct stalk reaches about three meters. In the top part of aloe, the sheet socket consisting of sheet plates length about a half a meter and width ― up to 6 in is formed. Greenish foliage in certain conditions gets a pale red shade. The teeth growing on an edge sometimes are formed also on a surface of a sheet plate. The inflorescence of a clustery form which height about a half a meter, it consists of flowers of a saturated orange-red shade grows from a middle of the sheet socket.