The grassy perennial plant of an Aloe is the representative of the family the Lily family, this sort unites about 260 types. A sorta plant from Africa, to be exact, from its most droughty regions. The matter is that the aloe differs in high resistance to drought.
Short description of cultivation
Features the aloe sheet plates of aloe which are a part of the socket grow from a root, most often they are fleshy. There are types which on foliage have thorns and are available also such which do not have them. A part of views of surfaces of foliage has a wax raid.
During blossoming the bush is decorated by flowers of a red, yellow or orange color. The inflorescence form depending on a look can be clustery or panicled, most often flowers campanulate or tubular.
A part of types has curative properties, therefore, they are used in nonconventional medicine. Juice of an aloe helps to cure abscesses and burns quicker. It is also used for the production of masks because has the restoring and rejuvenating property. Foliage is used for receiving the substance differing in a laxative effect. In culture raise not only a set of types of aloe but also versions.
- Blossoming. Aloes raise as a decorative and deciduous and curative plant.
- Illumination. Needs a bigger quantity of bright sunlight. Sometimes in winter time, the bush is recommended to be highlighted.
- Temperature condition. During the spring and summer period, the flower well grows at the usual room temperature. In winter time in room 14 degrees do not have to be warmer.
- Watering. Throughout the vegetation period substrate in a pot is moistened at once after drying-out of its top layer. In winter months watering is carried out less often, to be exact, two days later after drying-out of a surface of a blend of soil. During watering, you watch that liquid did not get in the sheet socket.
- Humidity of air. The aloe normally grows at the humidity of air characteristic of premises.
- Fertilizer. Fertilizing will see from the second half of spring to the first autumn weeks of 1 time in 4 weeks, for this purpose uses mineral fertilizers.
- Dormant period. The beginning is the share of the second half, and it comes to an end in the middle of the spring.
- Change. Bushes are replaced at the beginning of the vegetation period, young bushes subject to this procedure of 1 time in a few years, and more adult ― 1 time in 4 years.
- Soil mixture. Sheet and cespitose soil, and sand (1:2:1).
- Reproduction. Radical escapes and in a seed way. Mean insects. Plant louse, shield, mealy scales, and web pincers.
- Diseases. The plant can ache only if it is wrong to look after it. Most often it suffers from decay which appears from excessively plentiful watering.
- Properties. A part of types of an aloe differs in curative properties. They possess anti-inflammatory, immunostimulating, wound healing, antibacterial, regenerating and other properties.
Care of aloe in house conditions
The aloe is a photophilous plant, therefore, it is the best of all in house conditions to raise it at the southern window, at the same time to it direct beams of the sun are not terrible. A bush which long time stood in shading accustom to bright beams of the sun gradually. In winter time the bush sometimes needs additional lighting, for this purpose it is possible to use fluorescent lamps.
In summertime of an aloe develops and grows in normal limits at the usual room temperature. In warm season it can be transferred to fresh air, at the same time for it choose the place protected from rainfall. If in summertime you do not move a plant to the street, then it is recommended to air systematically the room in which it is.
In the winter at an aloe are observed a dormant period, in this regard, it is recommended to be rearranged to the cool place (not warmer than 14 degrees). If in the room is warmer, then the bush can actively begin to be extended as in the winter the sun cannot give it a necessary amount of light.
Throughout the vegetative period watering of aloe is carried out at once after the soil mix surface in a pot dries out. In winter time watering has to be rarer, however, it is impossible to allow redrying of an earth lump. During moistening of substrate you watch that liquid did not get in the sheet socket because it can lead to rotting of a trunk, and it, in turn, can ruin a bush.
Humidity of air
Such flower normally grows and develops at any humidity of the air. It is quite difficult to provide to a plant similar conditions at cultivation in the apartment, in this regard its blossoming can be seen extremely seldom. Fertilizing will be seen off from the second half of spring prior to the beginning of fall with a frequency of 1 time in 4 weeks. When the bush is at rest, it is not necessary to introduce in soil mix fertilizers.
Change of aloe suitable for cultivation of an aloe substrate has to consist of the cespitose and deciduous soil, and sand (2:1:1). In order that soil mix was more friable, it is mixed with a small amount of charcoal and small pieces of a brick. Change is carried out only if necessary, as a rule, young bushes subject to this procedure of 1 time in a few years, and more adult ― 1 time in 4 years.
Ways of reproduction
The aloe can be grown up from seeds quite easily. For a start at the bottom of capacity do a good drainage layer, then fill it with sandy mix and sow seeds. Crops are carried out to the last winter or first spring weeks. Provide to crops regular watering and airing. Protect them from direct beams of the sun, at the same time air temperature has to be about 20 degrees.
The sword-play of the appeared seedlings to individual capacities is held when they are 30 days old. When after change there pass 3 months, a plant it will be necessary to dive once again in larger capacities then provide them the same care, as well as to adult bushes.
How to multiply escapes
For reproduction of an aloe, escapes use the same soil mix, as for crops of seeds. In the spring or in the first summer weeks separate from a parental bush the very young escapes growing from roots then they are put in the individual capacity. After the bush gives roots and will start in growth, provide it the same care, as well as to an adult plant.
Diseases and wreckers of an aloe
If it is wrong to look after an aloe, then with it there can be problems:
- Foliage faded and sluggish. It can happen because of excessively frequent waterings when the surface of a soil mix does not manage to dry out. Still, an improper substrate can become a fault to it.
- Escapes become extended. At poor lighting, the bush begins to be extended actively, therefore, it loses the decorative effect. That to avoid it, the plant is recommended to be highlighted fluorescent lamps, thus increasing the duration of a light day.
- There was decay on escapes and roots. On roots, decay appears as a result of too frequent or excessively plentiful watering. And rotting of a stalk most often happens because liquid if in the room it is cool got to the sheet socket during watering. Choose the most suitable mode of watering for an aloe, cut off all struck parts of a bush and replace it in the fresh substrate.
- Tips of sheet plates become brown. This plant is quite undemanding to the humidity of the air. But if air is excessively dry, then it will be required to increase its humidity. Because of very poor watering on an edge of sheet plates, brown specks can be formed.
- On foliage specks of dark color appeared. The bush should be protected from drafts, and to its strong cold (lower than 8 degrees) can do much harm. It is necessary to air the room regularly, however, the flower has to stand in such place which will be protected from drafts.
- Mean insects. On a bush, mealy scales, plant lice and web pincers can lodge.
Types of aloe with a photo and names
The bush has no stalk of this type at all. The width of narrow sheet plates about 5 centimeters, and their length ― up to 25 centimeters, on an edge are located small thorns of white color. The foliage color greenish-gray, and on its surface is a large number of white points. During blossoming grows цветонос about 50 cm long, on it, the brushes consisting of flowers of white color are formed. Such the aloe can be multiplied easily radical sockets.
This aloe represents a bushy plant at which stalk stiffen over time. Height luminescent a bush can reach about 5 meters. The trunk is divided into small branches, at the same time on each of them the sheet socket is formed. Suprotivnoraspolozhenny sheet plates grow on 14–16 pieces, a format them linear, and the top which is rounded off.
Length of glaucous sheet plates is no more than 30 centimeters, and their width ― up to 4 centimeters, as a rule, an edge smooth. On tops of long, the brushes consisting of 25–30 red flowers are formed. Length of a peduncle can reach a half a meter. This look differs from the others in the fact that more frequent watering is necessary for it.
Escapes at a bush short. The green foliage collected in small sockets possesses a lanceolate form, most often on its surface, there are specks of white color, and on an edge thorn of a light pink shade are located. Length of sheet plates can reach about a half a meter.
On a high peduncle, several brushes which consist of pale yellow flowers, in length of the reaching about 30 mm are formed. There are grades at which flowers are painted in red color. This look Floe lanzae aloe, either an aloe still calls Barbados (Aloe barbadensis), or an aloe Indian (Aloe indica).
At this grassy plant very short stalk. The foliage growing from a root is collected in the socket, its length only about 40 mm, and a form ― elongated and triangular. On a surface a few corrugated pale or dark green sheet plates there is a set of points of a white shade. Length of tubular orange florets is about 10 mm. They are brought together in a brush which is formed in the top part of thirty centimetric peduncles growing from the flower socket. The look can be multiplied quickly radical very young sockets.
At this bushy perennial plant quite short stalk (height about 30 centimeters). Length of narrow sheet plates up to 10 centimeters, on an edge they located small thorns, and in the top part, 1 longer thorn grows. On both surfaces of greenish foliage, there is a raid of wax and whitish spots. During blossoming it is formed цветонос 20 centimeters long on which the brush consisting of reddish tubular flowers grows.
In nature this look represents a treelike evergreen perennial plant which height about 8 meters. On both surfaces of bluish-green sheet plates, there is a wax raid, their length about 40 centimeters, and width ― up to 6 centimeters, on an edge small thorns are located. The brushes which are formed during blossoming consist of tubular flowers of a yellow color. On one peduncle can grow from 1 to 3 inflorescences.
This look which is widely cultivated in room conditions is called still “aloe”. The height of a tree or bush can reach three meters. Gradually escapes from below become bare, and in the top part, they strongly branch. Top rosette dense fleshy sheet plates in length possess a xiphoidal form, and in width ― is curved by concave.
Their color glaucous, length about a half a meter, and width ― about 60 mm. On an edge of plate thorns, in length, the reaching 0.3 cm is located. The look in May-June blossoms, however at cultivation in house conditions flowers on a bush can be seen infrequently. On a high peduncle the brushes consisting of pink, red or yellow flowers are formed.
The look represents a low perennial grassy plant. Curved very narrow glossy sheet plates possess a green color and a lanceolate form, their width ― up to 50 mm, and length ― about 50 cm, an edge crenulate. During blossoming it is formed high цветонос on which the brushes consisting of orange, red and yellow tubular flowers, which length no more than 50 mm grow.
Stalk at this grassy perennial plant short. The sheet plates growing from roots are collected in the socket and possess in round figures – triangular shape, their length about 20 centimeters, and width ― no more than 15 centimeters. The color of foliage can be any from bluish-gray to green, on its back surface and also on an edge the set of small thorns grows.
Grows from the sheet socket high peduncle in which top part the clustery inflorescence consisting of tubular flowers of saturated-red or just red color is formed. In house conditions blossoms very seldom.
At this grassy perennial plant, foliage is collected in sockets. Their form can be varied from triangular to lanceolate, in length they reach about 11 centimeters, and in width ― to 4 centimeters. On an external surface of a plate and on its edge cloves of white color are located. Foliage color bluish-green. Tubular red flowers are collected in a brush which is formed on a top of a high peduncle.
The homeland of such acaulescent grassy plant Madagascar. The rosette foliage growing from a root in length reaches everything about 15 centimeters, and in width ― about 1 centimeter. On a surface of a dark green plate the set of white specks and hillocks, and on an edge ― small thorns is located. The Campanulate form flowers are painted in coral color.
A height of this bush is about three meters. Fleshy sheet plates are collected in the radical socket, on both surfaces, there is a wax raid. They are painted in glaucous color, their length to one and a half meters, and width ― up to 30 centimeters. Both surfaces of a plate and also its edge it is covered a large number of small pale red thorns. Flowers of a tubular form are collected in a brush, most often they are painted in an orange-red shade.
Either aloe mylisty, or aloe spotty (Aloe maculata). The bush possesses the branching stalk and, as a rule, it forms several sheet sockets. Length of the flat curved green sheet plates about 0.6 meters, and their width ― up to 6 centimeters, on both surfaces is available a set of specks of white color, on an edge five-millimetric thorns are located. Small brushes consist of yellow flowers which sometimes possesses a reddish shade.
At such bushy plant short stalks. Triangular green foliage is a part of the socket, it is decorated by whitish hillocks, and on an edge, small thorns are located. On a top of a little curved plate, long thread grows. On a high peduncle, it is formed several brushes consisting of 20–30 orange-red flowers, which form tubular.
At such bush creeping stalks in length reach about 3 meters. Length of pointed – ovoid glaucous sheet plates about 10 centimeters, at the basis in width they reach up to 6 centimeters. On an edge and in the middle of a sheet plate there are small white thorns. When the bush blossoms, it is decorated by the brushes consisting of tubular flowers of a yellow color.
The homeland of such acaulescent perennial plant is the Republic of South Africa. The fleshy dense sheet plates collected in the radical socket, possess a glaucous color, their width ― up to 15 centimeters, and length ― about a half a meter. The smooth edge of a plate is painted in red color. As a rule, on a high peduncle, it is formed several brushes consisting of small reddish florets. The look in the second half of the spring blossoms.
Either aloe motley, or aloe of an ausan (Aloe ausana), or aloe dot (Aloe punctata). The height of such acaulescent bush is about 30 centimeters. The extended foliage is collected in radical sockets, its width up to 6 centimeters, and length ― about 15 centimeters.
Dark green sheet plates are decorated by the white pattern consisting of points and strips. On tops of high peduncle inflorescences of a clustery form which consist of flowers of a red, pink or yellow shade grow.
In nature height of the bush possessing a direct stalk reaches about three meters. In the top part of an aloe the sheet socket consisting of sheet plates length about a half a meter and width ― up to 15 centimeters is formed. Greenish foliage in certain conditions gets a pale red shade.
The teeth growing on an edge sometimes are formed also on a surface of a sheet plate. The inflorescence of a clustery form which height about a half a meter, it consists of flowers of a saturated orange-red shade grows from a middle of the sheet socket.