The Aloe Vera can call unique on endurance and unpretentiousness. Where other plants dry, freeze or suffer from heat, the aloe with firmness transfers all adversities.
This is the champion on resilience and stay in dry soil. But it is worth resuming watering and to transfer a pot to comfortable conditions, almost completely dried leaves are poured by juice, and growth of a flower continues.
How to multiply an aloe belief
In gardening, there are several ways to part a plant. Each version can have some nuances on reproduction, but the basic rules are identical to all types of aloe. When holding a procedure it is necessary to observe the main agrotechnical recommendations. It is important to pick up correctly soil, to provide a substrate environment. It is undesirable to water and couch succulents plentifully in water as instead of formation of a new root system they can decay.
At a vegetative method to use glass jars, films or other shelters it is not necessary as the plant does not need the increased humidity of the air.
In house conditions to multiply an aloe it is possible in several ways:
- crops of seeds;
- change of layers;
- rooting of a leaflet.
Such succulents as aloe, seldom blossom in house conditions. Even if release peduncle, seed material does not manage to ripen. But it is enough in specialized shops. At the same time, it is possible to choose the pleasant grade and to grow up at once several copies. The aloe belief successfully breeds in this way, it is considered that thus there are more chances to receive a new plant, than at vegetative cultivation. The main shortcoming – a bush will grow not less than 1-2 years before the acquisition of a decorative look.
Reproduction by children – one of the simplest methods for receiving a new aloe. Young escapes depart from roots of a maternal plant, at some versions they develop on a trunk. Gradually shoots form own backs, then they are ready to office. It is recommended to replace them when changing capacity for an adult perennial. It is allowed to break offshoots without roots. In this case, escape can develop a root system after preliminary dehumidification of the place of a cut in the glass with water or having planted in the damp substrate. Anyway, the plant quickly gets accustomed and takes roots on the new place as it is a natural way of reproduction of culture.
For this method, the top or a side layer is used. It is better to cut off a top shank at an old plant which grew in height enough and demands to carry out rejuvenation. At such cultivation of an aloe survival of a shank of nearly 100%. It is desirable to choose side escapes in the lower tier. They have to have an equal stalk, otherwise, grow up a full-fledged tree it will not turn out.
Reproduction of an aloe a leaf is applied in the absence of shanks and layers or in case of the existence of accidentally broken off piece. To cut off accurately, trying not to damage a maternal bush. To carry out rooting in a damp substrate, but not in water. Observance of agrotechnical recommendations will provide the success of an operation. From one leaf it is possible to receive several young succulents, having cut it on a part 7-10 cm long. It is obligatory to dry the place of a cut. Behind the put leaf of an aloe leaving as the plant needs to increase not only roots is required, but also to create a stalk, green material.
Rules of cultivation from seeds
For successfully performed operation it is important to seed material competently. The most suitable time of holding a procedure – the beginning of spring. It is possible to use the general capacity or small glasses for the seedling. Too deep pot will suppress the growth of aloe, and in low, there is no place to develop a root system.
For a perennial it is recommended to buy ready substrate for succulents as in the improper soil the window plant slowly develops, is ill. When using the garden earth it is necessary to disinfect previously it warming up steam or having watered with boiled water, and then potassium permanganate solution.
If disinfectant is used, it is obligatory to spill soil clear water to wash away residues of chemicals.
The sequence of the landing of aloe seeds in house conditions:
- To wash capacity for crops warm water with soap, to disinfect any disinfecting solution, to dry.
- To fill up the prepared substrate.
- To water, wait until water completely is absorbed, and the surplus of liquid will flow down in a pallet.
- To kill Semyon for 20 minutes in the weak solution of permanganate of potassium, to wash out.
- To spread out on the prepared capacities, to fall asleep for 1 cm with friable substrate or sand.
- To humidify a surface by means of a spray, from above to pull a package or to establish glass.
- To put for germination in the light place at a temperature of 22 °C.
- To periodically air small greenery, to moisten soil in the process of drying out, but to try not to fill in.
- The first boring can appear only in 1-1.5 months.
Features of reproduction by shoots
Cultivation of aloe by children is recommended to be carried out at change. It is important to separate accurately escape not to damage the root system of young and parental plants. It is correct to put a layer in a pot it is possible only in the presence of a root system. If it is absent for some reason, previously to couch. For children, it is allowed to use water, but if the cut turned out big, then it is better to apply germination in a mix of peat and sand.
Perennials are grown up in special a soil mixture. It is recommended to use purchased for succulents and cactuses, consisting of peat, sand, perlite and other necessary components. When landing an aloe a shoot the plant needs to provide the correct care. Remoistening of soil and air will lead to rotting of young backs and dry decay of an elevated part.
Selection and disembarkation
It is the best of all to take shots from roots at which own backs were already created. It is possible to receive full-fledged young plants during the change of a maternal aloe which is carried out when the flowerpot becomes too small. Children have to have not less than 3-4 developed leaflets. Such shoots need to be landed at once in the prepared substrate as are full-fledged plants, are ready to grow and develop independently.
How to grow up an aloe from a shoot without roots
Side escapes and small radical layers can be used for cultivation without backs. From an adult plant, they should be separated accurately, trying not to damage its root system or a trunk. To put an aloe shoot without root directly in a flowerpot it is allowed, but it is better to couch previously in a damp mix of peat and sand. For this purpose to bury escape at 2 cm, to put nearby a support in the form of a stick or a stone.
The first 5-7 days not to water, then to humidify as required. When new leaflets are created, it is possible to replace to the constant place because the shoot took roots.
Features of a cutting
For this way, it is necessary to break off the top or to cut off side escape at its existence. The last kind of method is applied to aloe and similar versions as all types have side shanks not. In both cases the big cut, therefore, it is necessary to sustain escape about a week in the dark aired room for dehumidification turns out. It is necessary to implant in the damp mix of peat and sand. It is not recommended to carry out the procedure in water for succulents, but it is so possible to arrive with the top having not less than 7 leaflets and the dried place of a cut. After the emergence of a new leaflet it is time to plant a plant in a flowerpot for further cultivation.
How to grow up an aloe from a shank step by step:
- To cut off an equal escape with 4-5 leaflets near a stalk.
- To powder, the place of a cut with wood or activated carbon pounded in powder.
- To leave for 3-7 days for drying.
- To bury at 1-2 cm in a damp substrate.
- To sprinkle a surface warm water from a spray.
- To make the following watering in 5-7 days.
- To couch in the warm light place before the formation of a young leaflet.
- To replace in a flowerpot.
How to grow up an aloe from a leaf
To choose landing material from the lower tier with a wide sheet plate and a healthy green color. Length of leaflets has to be not less than 10 cm. It is possible to cut on several pieces for obtaining a bigger quantity of houseplants. To remove the received landing material for several days for dehumidification. To powder the place of a cut with the crushed coal, to plant in a damp substrate. It is impossible to allow soil dryings. When sprout, to transfer to a flowerpot. It is simple to grow up an aloe from a leaf, and in case of failure, it is possible to repeat the procedure. The way is carried out in the spring and in the summer, as well as any vegetative method of cultivation.
Required conditions for cultivation
Culture differs in unpretentiousness but demands the creation of a favorable microclimate. In house conditions cultivation and care of an aloe consist of the performance of the main agrotechnical actions. Most of all attention is necessary for young people recently replaced plants. The first 3-5 years of times a year change with a gradual increase in the size of capacity is carried out. In order that an aloe blossomed, contents are required at a temperature of about 15 °C within 3-4 months. Decrease up to 10-12 °C can be pernicious therefore it is necessary to monitor indications of the thermometer. Closer by spring, the plant is required to be moved in the warm, well-lit room. At cultivation in a pot, it is recommended to put for the spring and summer period a bush on the street or an open balcony.
Basic care for an aloe includes:
- periodic watering;
- the daily airing of the room without drafts;
- introduction of nutritious mixes during active growth;
- creation of conditions for a dormant period;
- survey of plants on the emergence of symptoms of diseases or wreckers;
- carrying out change as required.
Location and illumination
The belief is required to a window plant of an aloe dry warm air and good lighting. Even in hot summer days, the perennial does not need to be sprayed with water, there is enough in the evening or early in the morning 1 time for several days to wipe sheet plates with a damp soft rag from dust. It is necessary to have a pot with a plant on the solar, well-lit window sill. Culture does not need shading. An exception – young bushes after a change and sick copies which cannot resist directing beams of the sun, but even then it is impossible to have in a shadow.
Mode of watering and fertilizing
It is necessary to avoid a large amount of moisture. In the spring and summer of aloe it is necessary to water once a week. In hot days it is allowed to increase the frequency rate of the procedure up to 2 times in 7-8 days. Water has to be infused, room temperature. The cold will provoke the development of a disease, will weaken a bush. On an elevated part of a drop should not get not to cause rotting or a solar burn. In the fall and there are enough 1-2 waterings in a month in the winter. In house conditions fertilizing of an aloe during active growth is carried out 1 time in 2 weeks. It is recommended to use universal complex fertilizers for cactuses and succulents.
Once a year it is allowed to feed up a plant humus solution in the spring. It is possible to use folk remedies, wood ashes well proved. The composition of nutritious mixes for culture special. The content of nitrogen has to be minimum, calcium is surely necessary. Recently replaced bushes at a term of use of suitable substrate are recommended to be fertilized only in 6 months. After change young plants have to take roots, restore the damaged root system.
Typical errors of beginners
Houses on a window sill of aloe are required to be grown up by rules, otherwise, the tree will die or will stop in development. Beginners in gardening sometimes allow gross violations of an agrotechnology, comparing a perennial to other cultures, creating for it unacceptable conditions.
- Main mistakes:
- Insufficient lighting.
- Excess of moisture in the soil and air.
- Prorashchivaniye of shanks or leaflets in water.
- The young plants which are grown up vegetative or seeds are planted in improper soil.
- Lack of a drainage layer.
- There is a lot of fertilizing, it is not enough or they contain an inadmissible ratio of minerals.
- Watering the cold or chlorinated water.
- Indoors during a dormant period temperature is below 15 °C.
- Leaving off a peduncle after flowers dry up.
The aloe perfectly feels in house conditions. The perennial breeds in several ways that considerably facilitates its cultivation. Landing material has to be healthy from characteristic to a grade coloring, high turgor of fabrics. The young plant needs the creation of optimal conditions for development, observance of agrotechnical recommendations about the cultivation of this culture.
Features of leaving
Cultivation of aloe in house conditions assumes observance of such recommendations:
- Not frequent watering that roots did not begin to rot is required.
- Watering is carried out only by warm water.
- To wet roots water it is possible to add to a pallet.
- For water, it is necessary to use only warm water.
- In winter time watering should be carried out as seldom as possible.
- It is better to contain a plant in a lit place.
- Also fertilizing is surely carried out.
It should be seen off from spring to fall, no more once a month. In summertime temperature of contents can be usual room. If there is an opportunity a flower it is possible to take out on a terrace or a balcony.
Care of any aloe in house conditions assumes fresh air. Therefore the room is recommended to be aired periodically. Matters where the aloe in winter time grows. The flower can be placed also in a cool place with a temperature of about 14 degrees.
How to choose a good place for a plant
Matters as it is correct to pick up the place for an aloe or for other looks. A plant is possible to arrange on a window sill which windows come to South sides. At the same time, it is not obligatory to provide with winter of an aloe additional lighting. During heat waves, the plant can be rearranged so that beams did not get on leaves.
Fertilizing of a plant
To provide an aloe with the correct cultivation and leaving, it is necessary to carry out a timely additional fertilizing. The plant absorbs not only water but also magnesium, nitrogen, potassium, iron, calcium, and phosphorus. The soil in capacity has to be fertile and friable. The substrate can be prepared independently. For this purpose, it is necessary to take two parts of cespitose loamy soil and also one sand. A little peat and coal are added to mix. It is possible to fertilize from April to September. As fertilizer mineral mixes are applied. Care of a flower of an aloe means the correct application of fertilizers and after landing. Aloes feed up liquid complex fertilizers.
Fertilizer for an aloe
The first fertilizing, in this case, can be executed only in half a year. Fertilizer needs to be dissolved in water, and then to pour it in a pallet. It is also possible to water the soil from above. It is impossible that liquid got on leaflets. Correctly to raise an aloe in house conditions, you should not use peat as fertilizing. nitrogen-containing and mineral structures will be suitable for growth more. They promote the improvement of exchange processes in plant cages. The surplus of vitamins and minerals also is harmful to plants. The correct leaving assumes also use of fertilizing from make-shifts. For example, it is possible to use sugar, an eggshell or even water after washing rice.
Possible problems with an aloe
Aloe’s motley or other its grades can be surprised diseases as a result of the wrong leaving.
It is worth allocating such main problems:
- Excessive watering can lead to the fact that leaves will become sluggish and pale.
- The lack of lighting can provoke the intensive growth of a plant.
- Because of an excess of moisture the root system can begin to rot.
- If leaves become brown on tips, then it testifies to the shortage of humidity in the air.
- During airing, it is impossible that the plant was on a draft.
- At the appearance of a web tick of an aloe motley, the mix or other option of a grade need to be exposed on fresh air. And the room is recommended to a thicket to be aired.
- If leaves turned yellow at the edges, then it can occur when using the chlorinated water, a lack of potassium or in the presence of tobacco smoke in the air.
- Root decay belongs to the most widespread diseases of this plant. At the same time, the plant ceases to grow, and the stalk dries. In this case, the plant is dug out, and roots carefully get over.
- All rotten sprouts clean up, and the rests are powdered with ashes, coal powder and sulfur. Change is made to the soil mixed with sand.
Leaving after change
It is better to carry out a change in the spring. Time in 2-3 years is recommended to do this procedure. The pot needs to be chosen more previous for 20% as the root system constantly develops. Change is carried out by a transfer method together with an earth lump.
On the bottom of new capacity it is necessary to fill drainage, and then to move a sapling with the soil. All free space is powdered with soil. In the presence of two trunks, roots are divided and change in different pots.
If there were radical sprouts, then they can be transplanted. Cultivation and care of useful culture can do even to beginners. If to observe all the recommendations, then the plant will become big and beautiful. In four years after landing leaves can be used for treatment for different diseases.