Terrarium – one of the most effective ways of gardening of an interior. Decorative, faultless by sight, demanding the minimum leaving, but at the same time, these gardens which are so bringing closer us to nature, as well as classical plants in glass vessels submit more and more flower growers and designers.
And though decorative elements of any format are not less important, plants remain “soul” of mini-terrariums all the same. For such compositions, they really have to be special – expressive, bright and stylish.
How to start a terrarium
The plant a terrarium uniting in themselves there are so much different directions of design and speakers as the symbiosis of the art of cultivation of plants with dressing art, can be very different both by the size and by opportunities of cultivation of houseplants in them.
In which both only the one and only star, and full imitations of natural landscapes in which use complex compositions from types, similar in requirements, is landed are equally popular, and landscape terrariums do not concede to decorative versions.
All terrariums are equally fine: for everyone, there will be a special and unique option. Possibilities of jumping off a large number of plants are limited first of all to the sizes of the capacity.
If it is about mini-terrariums fashionable today which size is limited to an opportunity to place a vegetable terrarium on a coffee table or a table-top, in the depth of an interior without violation of opportunities of its use, then usually in them use from one to 3 plants, with rare exception – up to 5 cultures.
Large – flower show-windows and huge aquariums with plants – allow to grow up tens of types, but they demand both the special place, and scrupulous leaving, and special climate control, conceding in popularity too much more compact terrariums in decorative vessels today.
The main condition of success – cultures have to be proportional to capacity, corresponding to it, possess a beautiful silhouette and details as plants literally will be looked through from all directions and all shortcomings of greens or a form will be evident at once.
The maximum size of plants is usually limited by 20 cm (larger cultures can be used, only if they can be formed by a hairstyle). At the selection of compositions attentively study not only decorative characteristics but also preferences of plants to soil, requirements to lighting, humidity and leaving: at “neighbors” all parameters have to coincide.
The question of the choice of the number of plants and their correct combination is among themselves important from an especially practical point of view. But at an arrangement of terrariums, you should not forget also about anesthetics – search of the most expressive cultures. It is necessary to solve a problem of creation of the most attractive composition, proceeding not only from own tastes and preferences.
The type of a terrarium imposes not fewer restrictions for the range of plants which in it can be used. According to the division of all terrariums into the damp tropical and dry desert and mountain, all cultures suitable for registration of vegetable terrariums, divide also into two groups: The hygrophilous plants demanding the stable or increased humidity not only of a substrate but also air.
Succulents and cactuses which are content with the minimum resources. Plants for a terrarium do not have to be room. Them it is possible how to transfer from usual pottery culture or hydroponics, and to look for new types among plants which use in pet-shops for registration of paludarium today.
Of course, it is possible to use also plants which grow in the wild nature (for example, in the forest it is possible to look for original forms of moss and ferns). But cultural types it is more preferable even in the course of the choice of mosses, otherwise, you should put a lot of effort for the fight against pollution and respectively for disinfection of “wild” inhabitants.
Plants for tropical terrariums
In damp terrariums use not the classical, but special, difficult plants in cultivation demanding specific conditions. At the same time, not all plants by means of which it is possible to recreate a forest landscape are whimsical and cannot grow in ordinary rooms.
But all cultures for damp terrariums have a common feature: they love high humidity of air and demand in the pottery culture of very careful leaving. That to avoid it or to recreate the ideal environment, they are recommended to grow up most often in the closed terrariums.
And some exotic can demand even installation of systems of climate control. Such it is more difficult in arrangement and leaving because of the choice of plants, but they are also the fine simplifying decision for those who dream about the exotic and especially rare cultures which in a terrarium can provide all necessary. For registration of damp terrariums treat number 10 of the most popular houseplants:
Asplenium an adiantum are good also in itself, and in the company of mosses and as a background for other plants and as openwork addition of more densely growing tropical cultures.
Most often choose the classical sphagnum creating a dense and very bright covering. But the damp terrarium will be suitable for mosses of different types which can be found in any pet-shop and department for aquariums, and the choice is not limited on a color (except classical green, you will find even mosses with “metal” effects).
But it will be possible to grow up mosses, only if in it the constant humidity and quite crude conditions are maintained. It is desirable to use as well sour soil which needs to be filled over the general substrate. But mosses are perfectly combined with the majority of other hygrophilous plants.
The brightest on the coloring of patterns a species of decorative and deciduous plants for terrariums. Codiaeums are known to most of the flower growers as a plant quite large, but except versions with massive leathery leaves, there are also more compact grades with narrow and smaller greens (at the name of such grades there is almost always “dwarf”).
The color does not suffer from a reduction of the sizes at all: bright yellow, red, orange in the most different variations of spots, a streak and “washouts” turn each plant into a colorful color miracle.
The charming representative of the ancient plank which became famous, first of all, for the compact sizes. But is an idea of a selaginella not only because of ease of monitoring: she adores high humidity and only in a terrarium completely discloses the beauty.
Openwork and dense at the same time, its greens look filigree and captivate the complex structure. And against the background of the decorative soil beauty and a form of a selaginella reveal from the absolutely new party.
They can boast of an enviable variety. If the most popular types “are reconciled” also with room conditions, then more rare versions demand very specific environment. And it is the simplest to grow up whimsical types of orchids. It is possible to mix with other plants of an orchid, of course, but most often they are grown up or in the company of fellows, or in proud loneliness.
They demand installation of life support systems, heating and ventilation, but to be compared to them in prestigiousness and beauty will be able not enough what another way of gardening.
They are often called the main tiny decoration of window sills and usually associated with pottery culture. But perfectly they look and in a terrarium where stable conditions of moderate humidity allow achieving unique a plentiful blossoming. And them already touching flowers in the company of a stone crumb, decor, other plants seem precious accent at all.
Unlike an alocasia, this plant looks very friendly. This unique on unpretentiousness, the bushy miracle loving stable humidity, by right is considered one of the best decorative and deciduous views. For terrarium use soil mix types of a fittonia and the most compact grades.
Soft, velvety, something reminding mint, ovate-ovoid leaves of a fittonia are decorated with the thin drawing network color a streak, turning each plant into the magnificent decoration. Playing on texture, fittonias are perfectly combined with decorative materials, with other plants with a simple coloring of leaves and elements of decor.
And several different grades of a fittonia in one terrarium look fantastically at all. This main plant for a game with fabric effects. But it has a shortcoming – the fittonia needs regular access to fresh air.
These are not so typical inhabitants. Whimsical, but such fine plants with unusual flower butterflies and very beautiful leaves, are presented on sale both classical, and mini-grades today. The last open absolutely new opportunities of registration as cyclamens in such conditions are capable of blossom literally within almost all year.
They are perfectly combined with all decorative and deciduous plants as though compositions with a bright spot from numerous and very graceful flowers crown.
Rhododendrons in terrariums change. Receiving a stable environment, they submit both more saturated color of charming and dense glossy leaves and more long and plentiful blossoming. For use tiny grades of room azaleas. The rhododendrons created in the form a tree are especially effective in such compositions.
Alocasias – favorites who allow introducing in a registration not only beautiful patterns but also impudent lines. Dark sheet plates of a heart-shaped form are decorated not only the pointed tip, but also an unusual carved edge, and contrast, almost graphic thick streaks give to a plant almost shouting severity. And though these plants are rather large, today on sale are also compact grades not higher than 30 cm.
If desired it is possible to decorate with the damp environment also other bright plants. Today it is easy to find a compact dieffenbachia with bright white-green colors. Velvet leaves and dazzling-red flowers the episcia will shine. And the representative of an exotic pineapple family a guzmania which in a terrarium looks like an exotic bird in a new way will disclose the beauty.
As well as the relative, unlike it, – криптантус within the form of a star colorful leaves, expanding beautiful pillows, tiny begonias, an Acorus, so suitable for damp landscapes, a modest and hardy stone withdrawal pains, openwork asparagus. Often use in registration dwarfish and very “obedient” plant – a creeping ficus with its roundish leaflets to 1 cm in the diameter on flexible creeping escapes, the tiny ivies, philodendron, Epipremnum adoring terrarium conditions room predators and so forth.
Cultures for desert and mountain terrariums
The simplest terrariums in the arrangement – dry – would be far not so popular if not the simplicity of care of unique plants which in them are used. For such terrariums select not just plants which will help to recreate desert or mountain landscapes, but also only such cultures which perfectly take out dry conditions do not demand the increased humidity of the air, can grow literally at the minimum care.
Hardy and fantastically viable, such plants allow creating the decorative compositions demanding very rare watering. The range of cultures suitable for drawing up dry terrariums is not so various as the choice of plants for tropical terrariums. But also among them, it is possible to find plant glass box, and unusual colors, and unique identity.
In TOP-10 drought-resistant plants for dry terrariums include
Cactuses (a prickly pear, a rebutia) completely keep the ability to live practically in completely dry conditions. Against the background of correctly picked up decor beauty of their silhouettes and patterns from prickles reveals in a new way, and in complex compositions, cactuses never seem boring or usual. Their presence gives similarity with desert landscapes at the minimum efforts to imitation. But also in especially decorative terrariums cactuses look not worse.
Threshed – a legendary stone rose which even in a garden is capable to decorate effectively a stony landscape, and in terrariums too will perfectly look (in imitating desert and mountain) dry compositions. It is one of the hardiest plants capable to survive in extreme conditions. The dense leaves collected in difficult, and the truth the reminding flowers, sockets look surprisingly ornamentally, and purple tips of leaves and a game of colors only add a charm Sempervivum.
As well as threshed, this succulent flaunts with dense sockets of leaves, similar to a flower. But they much more juicy and massive, than at threshed and colors of a plant thanks to a gray silvery to an edge seem absolutely others. In an echeveria, the classical fleshy succulent from the family of the Houseleek family is easily guessed. It looks very accurate and almost ideally, and all the advantages of a boring plant in pots reveal completely.
Agave a succulent with absolutely another character. As well as her wild ancestors, this beauty – the plant externally rather aggressive, creates the feeling of inaccessibility and “spinosity”. She is also alone capable to recreate a charm of landscapes of the Mexican prairies.
Leaves at a plant are also collected in sockets with the symmetric drawing, but the form them does not remind “tile” at all threshed or echeverias. Dense, fleshy, lanterns, extended, with a keen edge, leaves are decorated with prickles and thorns and flaunt with gray-bluish shades of green colors, and sometimes – and an original border or a strip.
Aloe – the most classical, but not the most boring species of succulents. Except for an ordinary aloe which met practically on each window sill earlier and led to the long period of the unpopularity of this plant there are numerous other decorative types and grades.
Compact bright, with various form of long juicy leaves, the different density of sockets reduced or full-fledged stalks, decorative thorns, modern kinds of aloe are not monotonous. It is possible to choose even on a silhouette – from reminding flowers and geometrical fractals of flat sockets to almost of bushes and tree.
To understand what is fractals, it is possible to look at information on cabbage of a type of Romanesko, it is very interesting). And all aloes are equally hardy and unpretentious.
Adromiskus – one of the “strangest” and special representatives of a houseleek family. Undersized succulents with a short lying stalk, bright red air roots became famous for the for unusual roundish or triangular, juicy leaves of a bizarre shape.
They remind stones, a tufa, lava pieces, kidneys, maces, and even various representatives of mollusks. A variety of adromiskus is high, all plants seem exotic and cause bright associations, their color fluctuates from pale purple, green to various shades, and brick color.
The haworthia externally can easily descend for the relative of an agave. But it is given by a dense surface and motley colors on fleshy leaves in sockets hedgehogs. It is a tiny succulent which collecting of versions is often compared in the West to fanaticism.
At this plant, more than 600 different types, and new grades and forms appear annually. Different haworthias differ in appearance, but the most popular plants are well familiar to all. Thick long leaves of a form with the pointed edge, dark color and the drawing form the classical symmetric socket of the white cross “strips” consisting of warty hillocks.
If desired to find original forms, it is possible to pay attention to the haworthias similar on threshed, lacy grades: their variety will allow everyone easy to find the favorite look.
The groundsel became famous, generally, thanks to one version – super popularly today сенецио for Rowley whose leaves remind green peas, and on escapes create similarity to magnificent threads of beads. Long thin escapes and some fragility in terrariums will not prevent but will allow draping effectively mini-landscapes, “to remove” escapes out of limits of vessels and to create unexpected transitions.
The kalanchoe can offer a considerable choice between the classical blossoming versions which bright and dense inflorescences guards will place from succulents unexpected spots. But the blossoming the plant the cool phase of rest is necessary, and at cultivation in compositions, it cannot be organized.
And here decorative and deciduous kalanchoes with “ruches” from tiny children on edge of dense fleshy leaves – business absolutely another. Against the background of classical succulents, they always look elaborate aristocrats, a little prudish, rather large and very interesting. Unlike the majority of competitors, it a kalanchoe will create full-fledged bushes and will add to compositions a game with height and a silhouette.
Malefora – rather an unpopular succulent, but attention to it revived terrariums. In dry compositions of a male for differs not only in a dense form of growth, but also ability to blossom practically all year.
The undersized creeping low shrubs which height will not exceed and 20 cm capable to release long escapes – the main competitors of groundsels. Flowers blossom on one, very bright, to 4 cm in the diameter, represents the typical inflorescences baskets which are slightly reminding of the blossoming cactuses.
Once you pay attention and to classical crassulas, including to a legendary monetary tree, and to the Brazilian to dice with an extremely unusual socket from the long, hanging gear leaves from which rises graceful peduncle.
Sometimes use also euphorbias – from euphorbia to more rare species, with their original structure of “trunks”, trembling leaflets and unusual cycles of development. The most unusual sockets which externally seem a rose flower are formed by one more rare succulent which is perfect looking in desert terrariums.